attractiveness of vertebrate hosts to culex pipiens (diptera: culicidae) and other mosquitoes in preferences of mosquitoes, mainly culex pipiens l. and aedes caspius (pallas), were studied in israel using live baits, chemical attractants, light, and suction traps. the feeding habits of cx. pipiens were opportunistic. this species used a wide range of mammalian and avian hosts; a calf, chickens, turkeys, and sheep were the most attractive baits. a. caspius fed mainly on large mammals and was most attracted to calf and sheep baits. although sheep were attractive, few cx. pipiens and no a ...19911674543
vector potential of culicine mosquitoes in faiyum governorate, egypt.culicine mosquito populations were studied for 1 year in 2 neighboring villages in faiyum governorate, egypt. dominant species in larval collections included culex pipiens, cx. univitattus, cx. antennatus, aedes caspius and uranotaenia unguiculata; culiseta longiareolata was less common. culex pipiens accounted for 98% of 3,743 mosquitoes captured in human-biting collection (164 man-nights), 96% of 1,136 mosquitoes collected inside houses and animal sheds (396 inspections), and 98% of 15,000 mos ...19862906968
larval mosquitoes collected from northern jordan and the jordan valley.nineteen species of anopheline and culicine mosquitoes are reported from larval collections made in northern jordan and the jordan valley. culex judaicus, culiseta annulata, and uranotaenia unguiculata are reported as new records for jordan. the impact of agricultural development and man-made changes on the mosquito fauna of jordan is discussed.19979474565
germination, growth, and sporulation of bacillus thuringiensis subsp. israelensis in excreted food vacuoles of the protozoan tetrahymena pyriformis.spores of bacillus thuringiensis subsp. israelensis and their toxic crystals are bioencapsulated in the protozoan tetrahymena pyriformis, in which the toxin remains stable. each t. pyriformis cell concentrates the spores and crystals in its food vacuoles, thus delivering them to mosquito larvae, which rapidly die. vacuoles containing undigested material are later excreted from the cells. the fate of spores and toxin inside the food vacuoles was determined at various times after excretion by phas ...19989572947
bacillus thuringiensis and its pesticidal crystal proteins.during the past decade the pesticidal bacterium bacillus thuringiensis has been the subject of intensive research. these efforts have yielded considerable data about the complex relationships between the structure, mechanism of action, and genetics of the organism's pesticidal crystal proteins, and a coherent picture of these relationships is beginning to emerge. other studies have focused on the ecological role of the b. thuringiensis crystal proteins, their performance in agricultural and othe ...19989729609
plasmid transfer between bacillus thuringiensis subsp. israelensis strains in laboratory culture, river water, and dipteran larvae.plasmid transfer between strains of bacillus thuringiensis subsp. israelensis was studied under a range of environmentally relevant laboratory conditions in vitro, in river water, and in mosquito larvae. mobilization of pbc16 was detected in vitro at a range of temperatures, ph values, and available water conditions, and the maximum transfer ratio was 10(-3) transconjugant per recipient under optimal conditions. transfer of conjugative plasmid pxo16::tn5401 was also detected under this range of ...200111133463
distribution of mosquito species in areas with high and low incidence of classic kaposi's sarcoma and seroprevalence for hhv-8.the 'promoter-arthropod' hypothesis, which postulates that exposure to the bites of certain species of haematophagous arthropods is an environmental risk cofactor linked to human herpes virus 8 (hhv-8) and kaposi's sarcoma, was investigated in the po river valley, northern italy. the presence and density of adult female mosquitoes (diptera: culicidae) was determined by cdc light trap catches in two adjacent districts, at variance with respect to kaposi's sarcoma incidence and hhv-8 seroprevalenc ...200616871701
molecular identification of palearctic members of anopheles maculipennis in northern iran.members of anopheles maculipennis complex are effective malaria vectors in europe and the caspian sea region in northern iran, where malaria has been re-introduced since 1994. the current study has been designed in order to provide further evidence on the status of species composition and to identify more accurately the members of the maculipennis complex in northern iran.200717233887
the mosquito fauna of the republic of cyprus: a revised list.the cyprus public health service has regularly conducted mosquito surveillance in the republic of cyprus over the past 10 years. twenty-three species belonging to 6 genera and 10 subgenera have been recorded to date, including species documented from earlier surveys. as a result of this program, new mosquito species for cyprus have been recorded, including anopheles marteri, culex theileri, cx. impudicus, culiseta subochrea, and uranotaenia unguiculata. importantly, mosquito species previously c ...200919653503
blood feeding patterns of mosquitoes: random or structured?abstract:201020205866
mosquito (diptera: culicidae) fauna in an area endemic for west nile virus.mosquito collections with cdc light traps using dry ice and pigeon-baited traps were carried out in south moravia (czech republic) from april to october in 2007 and 2008 at two study sites. in 2007, 11 two-day captures were carried out in two-week intervals, and 1,490 female mosquitoes of nine species were caught. in 2008, 15 two-day trappings of mosquitoes were carried out: 6,778 females of 22 species of mosquitoes were trapped. the results showed marked differences in abundance and species com ...201020618662
larval habitat characteristics of the genus anopheles (diptera: culicidae) and a checklist of mosquitoes in guilan province, northern iran.ecological data are important in the vector control management of mosquitoes. there is scattered published information about the larval habitat characteristics and ecology of the genus anopheles (diptera: culicidae) in iran and most of available data is in relation to malaria vectors in southern iran.201122808409
pilot longitudinal mosquito surveillance study in the danube delta biosphere reserve and the first reports of anopheles algeriensis theobald, 1903 and aedes hungaricus mihályi, 1955 for romania.mosquito-borne viruses (moboviruses) are of growing importance in many countries of europe. in romania and especially in the danube delta biosphere reserve (ddbr), mosquito and mobovirus surveillance are not performed on a regular basis. however, this type of study is crucially needed to evaluate the risk of pathogen transmission, to understand the ecology of emerging moboviruses, or to plan vector control programmes.201627066827
direct pcr of indigenous and invasive mosquito species: a time- and cost-effective technique of mosquito barcoding.millions of people die each year as a result of pathogens transmitted by mosquitoes. however, the morphological identification of mosquito species can be difficult even for experts. the identification of morphologically indistinguishable species, such as members of the anopheles maculipennis complex (diptera: culicidae), and possible hybrids, such as culex pipiens pipiens/culex pipiens molestus (diptera: culicidae), presents a major problem. in addition, the detection and discrimination of newly ...201526663040
mosquitoes (diptera: culicidae) and their relevance as disease vectors in the city of vienna, austria.mosquitoes (diptera: culicidae) are important vectors for a wide range of pathogenic organisms. as large parts of the human population in developed countries live in cities, the occurrence of vector-borne diseases in urban areas is of particular interest for epidemiologists and public health authorities. in this study, we investigated the mosquito occurrence in the city of vienna, austria, in order to estimate the risk of transmission of mosquito-borne diseases. mosquitoes were captured using di ...201425468380
putative novel lineage of west nile virus in uranotaenia unguiculata mosquito, hungary.west nile virus (wnv) is an increasing public health concern in europe with numerous human cases. a total of 23,029 female mosquitoes were tested for a variety of mosquito-borne flaviviruses and orthobunyaviruses supposedly endemic in southern transdanubia, hungary, in the frames of a large-scale surveillance between 2011 and 2013. wnv nucleic acid was detected in a single pool containing uranotaenia unguiculata mosquitoes. sequence- and phylogenetic analyses for two different regions (ns5 and e ...201425674630
european surveillance for west nile virus in mosquito populations.a wide range of arthropod-borne viruses threaten both human and animal health either through their presence in europe or through risk of introduction. prominent among these is west nile virus (wnv), primarily an avian virus, which has caused multiple outbreaks associated with human and equine mortality. endemic outbreaks of west nile fever have been reported in italy, greece, france, romania, hungary, russia and spain, with further spread expected. most outbreaks in western europe have been due ...201324157510
monitoring of west nile virus in mosquitoes between 2011-2012 in hungary.west nile virus (wnv) is a widely distributed mosquito-borne flavivirus. wnv strains are classified into several genetic lineages on the basis of phylogenetic differences. whereas lineage 1 viruses are distributed worldwide, lineage 2 wnv was first detected outside of africa in hungary in 2004. since then, wnv-associated disease and mortality in animal and human hosts have been documented periodically in hungary. after the first detection of wnv from a pool of culex pipiens mosquitoes in 2010, s ...025229703
fauna and larval habitats of mosquitoes (diptera: culicidae) of west azerbaijan province, northwestern iran.several important diseases are transmitted by mosquitoes. despite of the potential of the occurrence of some mosquito-borne diseases such as west nile, dirofilariasis and malaria in the region, there is no recent study of mosquitoes in west azerbaijan province. the aim of this investigation was to study the fauna, composition and distribution of mosquitoes and the characteristics of their larval habitats in this province.201426114130
culicinae (diptera: culicidae) mosquitoes in chabahar county, sistan and baluchistan province, southeastern iran.mosquito-borne diseases are a major public health threat in iran. the objective of this study was to determine the fauna of culicinae mosquitoes for future mosquito control programs.200922808369
putative new west nile virus lineage in uranotaenia unguiculata mosquitoes, austria, 2013.west nile virus (wnv) is becoming more widespread and markedly effecting public health. we sequenced the complete polyprotein gene of a divergent wnv strain newly detected in a pool of uranotaenia unguiculata mosquitoes in austria. phylogenetic analyses suggest that the new strain constitutes a ninth wnv lineage or a sublineage of wnv lineage 4.025418009
landscape effects on the presence, abundance and diversity of mosquitoes in mediterranean wetlands.environment determines the distribution of mosquito-borne diseases in that it influences the vector-host-pathogen transmission cycle, including vector distribution, abundance and diversity. in this study, we analyse the relationship between environmental variables estimated by remote sensing and the spatial distribution (presence, abundance and diversity) of seven mosquito species vectors of west nile and other pathogens (usutu, avian malaria and dirofilariasis) in the doñana natural park, spain ...201526086804
mosquito surveillance for prevention and control of emerging mosquito-borne diseases in portugal - 2008-2014.mosquito surveillance in europe is essential for early detection of invasive species with public health importance and prevention and control of emerging pathogens. in portugal, a vector surveillance national program-revive (rede de vigilância de vectores)-has been operating since 2008 under the custody of portuguese ministry of health. the revive is responsible for the nationwide surveillance of hematophagous arthropods. surveillance for west nile virus (wnv) and other flaviviruses in adult mos ...201425396768
circulation of dirofilaria repens and dirofilaria immitis in moldova.over the last two decades, a significant spread of dirofilariasis has been observed in eastern and central europe. however, data on the circulation of dirofilaria spp. in moldova were absent although direct neighbor states reported high incidence rates of human dirofilariasis.201627912786
co-circulation of west nile virus and distinct insect-specific flaviviruses in vector surveillance provides an efficient tool for monitoring the presence or spread of emerging or re-emerging vector-borne viruses. this study was undertaken to investigate the circulation of flaviviruses. mosquitoes were collected from 58 locations in 10 provinces across the aegean, thrace and mediterranean anatolian regions of turkey in 2014 and 2015. following morphological identification, mosquitoes were pooled and screened by nested and real-time pcr assays. detected viruses were f ...201728320443
overwintering of uranotaenia unguiculata adult females in central europe: a possible way of persistence of the putative new lineage of west nile virus?we report the overwintering of uranotaenia unguiculata adult females in central europe (czech republic, hungary, austria). this finding suggests a potential mode of winter persistence of putative novel lineage of west nile virus in the temperate regions of europe.201526675459
west nile virus, anopheles flavivirus, a novel flavivirus as well as merida-like rhabdovirus turkey in field-collected mosquitoes from thrace and anatolia.mosquitoes are involved in the transmission and maintenance of several viral diseases with significant health impact. biosurveillance efforts have also revealed insect-specific viruses, observed to cocirculate with pathogenic strains. this report describes the findings of flavivirus and rhabdovirus screening, performed in eastern thrace and aegean region of anatolia during 2016, including and expanding on locations with previously-documented virus activity. a mosquito cohort of 1545 individuals ...201829128516
[new localities for some species of culididae rarely noticed in france: uranotaenia unguiculata edwards 1913, culex impudicus ficalbi 1890, culex mimeticus noé 1899, theobaldia litorea shute 1928 and aedes longitubus cambournac 1938]. 195514388435
annotated checklist of the mosquitoes of the republic of moldova.the mosquito fauna of the republic of moldova is poorly known. in an effort to understand the culicidae fauna better, mosquito collections have been conducted between early april and middle november from 2008 to 2012. a total of 10,923 larval specimens and 8,246 adults were collected from 20 regions of moldova. altogether 36 species have been recorded during the recent study, bringing the total moldovan mosquito fauna to 40 species in 9 genera and 11 subgenera. new state records include the foll ...201323923323
the identification of culicine mosquitoes in the shadegan wetland in southwestern order to study the culicine mosquito fauna (diptera: culicidae: culicinae) of the shadegan wetland in southern khouzestan province of iran, sampling was carried out using hand catch, total catch, and new jersy light traps, from october 2008 to march 2009. a total of 2664 culicine mosquitoes were captured. three genera and five species were identified, including culex pipiens l., cx. tritaeniorhynchus giles, cx. sinaiticus kirkpatrik, cx. modestus ficalbi, ochlerotatus caspius pallas and a cul ...201223438030
distribution and ecology of mosquitoes in a focus of dirofilariasis in northwestern iran, with the first finding of filarial larvae in naturally infected local mosquitoes.a study of the distribution and ecology of mosquitoes (diptera: culicidae) in ardebil province of northwestern iran, with special reference to the known dirofilariasis focus in meshkinshahr county, was carried out in july-august 2005 and april-october 2006. in total, 17,533 adult mosquitoes and 3090 third- and fourth-instar larvae were collected on 14 occasions and identified using morphological characters and dna sequence data. twenty species belonging to seven genera were found: anopheles clav ...200919493192
[the attack activity of uranotaenia unguiculata edwards, 1913 mosquitoes on man].field observations of the activity of u. unguiculata mosquitoes, carried out in the daytime, and 225-min estimations of their numbers against a white screen, lighted with an electric lamp, with half-an-hour intervals between the estimations, that were carried out in the evening and night hours in june, 1988, in the divichinskiń≠ district of azerbaijan, have demonstrated the aggressiveness of these mosquitoes towards humans. daily changes in the activity of these mosquitoes were revealed, that con ...19947799856
biochemical key to eight species of adult egyptian mosquitoes.1. an electrophoretic key is described, based on enzyme relative mobility, to distinguish eight species of egyptian mosquito adults. 2. using horizontal starch gel electrophoresis, five different enzyme assays unambiguously separated culex pipiens l., cx antennatus (becker), cx pusillus macquart, aedes caspius (pallas), culiseta longiareolata (macquart), uranotaenia unguiculata edwards, anopheles multicolor cambouliu and an.pharoensis theobald. 3. diagnostic loci between species were: ak-2, g6pd ...19911685104
the mosquitoes (diptera: culicidae) in maliuc (danube delta)--faunistical and ecological data.the paper reports the results of the survey of the mosquito fauna in the maliuc area (danube delta) in 1983-1985. 16 mosquito species have been recorded in the area during the investigations: anopheles maculipennis--complex, an. hyrcanus, uranotaenia unguiculata, coquillettidia richiardii, culiseta annulata, aedes vexans, ae. cinereus, ae. caspius, ae. dorsalis, ae. excrucians, ae. flavescens, ae. leucomelas, ae. intrudens, culex pipiens, c. martinii, cx. modestus. they have been captured by lig ...19901983702
study of culex tritaeniorhynchus and species composition of mosquitoes in a rice field in greece.mosquito species composition and seasonal abundance were studied in a rice field in western greece over a three-year period (2009-2011). a total of 11,716 larvae and pupae of mosquitoes were recorded, representing seven species, namely aedes caspius (pallas), anopheles hyrcanus (pallas), anopheles sacharovi favre, culex theileri theobald, culex tritaeniorhynchus giles, culex pipiens linnaeus, uranotaenia unguiculata edwards and belonging to four genera. cx. tritaeniorhynchus constituted the most ...201424613156
efficacy of mosquito traps for collecting potential west nile mosquito vectors in a natural mediterranean wetland.surveillance, research, and control of mosquito-borne diseases such as west nile virus require efficient methods for sampling mosquitoes. we compared the efficacy of bg-sentinel and centers for disease control and prevention (cdc)-co(2) traps in terms of the abundances of host-seeking and blood-fed female mosquitoes and the origin of mosquito bloodmeals. our results indicate that bg-sentinel traps that use co(2) and attractants are as effective as cdc-co(2) traps for culex mosquito species, ochl ...022492149
west nile virus circulation in south-eastern romania, 2011 to 2013.lineage 2 west nile virus (wnv), previously found only in sub-saharan africa and madagascar, was identified in hungary in 2004 and has rapidly expanded in europe in the past decade. following a significant outbreak of west nile fever with neurological cases caused by lineage 1 wnv in romania in 1996, scattered cases have been recorded in the south-east of the country in each transmission season. another outbreak, affecting a larger area and caused by lineage 2 wnv, was recorded in 2010. we analy ...201526027486
[a new culicidine in france: uranotaenia unguiculata edw; ecology]. 195214953033
[new localization in tunisia of uranotaenia unguiculata edwards 1913]. 195313092693
[observations on the mosquitoes of the camarge and the lower rhone. i. the hibernation of uranotaenia unguiculata edwards, 1913 (diptera culicidae)]. 20134379308
occurrence of uranotaenia unguiculata edwards, 1913 (diptera, culicidae) in czechoslovakia. 19744153416
little pigeons can carry great messages: potential distribution and ecology of uranotaenia (pseudoficalbia) unguiculata edwards, 1913 (diptera: culicidae), a lesser-known mosquito species from the western palaearctic.uranotaenia unguiculata is a palaearctic mosquito species with poorly known distribution and ecology. this study is aimed at filling the gap in our understanding of the species potential distribution and its environmental requirements through a species distribution modelling (sdm) exercise. furthermore, aspects of the mosquito ecology that may be relevant to the epidemiology of certain zoonotic vector-borne diseases in europe are discussed.201729017545
the thermophilic mosquito species uranotaenia unguiculata edwards, 1913 (diptera: culicidae) moves north in germany.uranotaenia unguiculata is a thermophilic mosquito species frequently occurring in the mediterranean. its first detection in the southern german upper rhine valley in 1994 represented its northernmost distribution limit for a long time. during recent mosquito monitoring activities, two specimens of the species were trapped at different localities, about 70 km apart, in northeastern germany, some 300-km latitude north of previous collection sites. it is not known whether ur. unguiculata is vector ...201729103095
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