associations between herpes simplex virus type 2 and hcv with hiv among injecting drug users in new york city.objectives. we examined relationships between herpes simplex virus type 2 (hsv-2), a biomarker for sexual risk, and hcv, a biomarker for injecting risk, with hiv among injecting drug users (idus) who began injecting after large-scale expansion of syringe exchange programs in new york city. methods. we recruited 337 heroin and cocaine users who began injecting in 1995 or later from persons entering drug detoxification. we administered a structured interview covering drug use and hiv risk behavior ...201121566021
hiv-2 infection surveillance --- united states, 1987--2009.human immunodeficiency virus (hiv) is categorized into two types, hiv-1 and hiv-2. worldwide, most hiv infections are hiv-1, whereas hiv-2 largely has been confined to persons in or from west africa. hiv-1 and hiv-2 have the same routes of transmission, and both can cause acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (aids); however, hiv-2 infections should be differentiated from hiv-1 infections because they are less likely to cause aids and their clinical management differs. cdc's current surveillance ca ...201121796096
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