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serologic survey for selected microbial pathogens of wolves in alaska, 1975-1982.serum samples were collected from 116 wolves which were captured in southcentral alaska during 1975 through 1982. antibodies to the following infectious disease agents were found: infectious canine hepatitis virus-72 of 87 (81%), canine parvovirus type 2-0 of 55 (0%) through 1979 and 10 of 32 (31%) after 1979, francisella tularensis-16 of 67 (25%), canine distemper virus-10 of 83 (12%), coxiella burnetti-5 of 95 (5%), rabies virus-1 of 88 (1%), brucella spp.-1 of 67 (1%), leptospira interrogans- ...19873029442
occurrence of rabies in a wolf population in northeastern alaska.nine alaskan wolves (canis lupus) were found dead during spring and summer 1985; five of seven animals tested for rabies virus were positive. the 1985 epizootic altered annual den use patterns by wolves in northeastern alaska, but did not appear to affect population size. we propose that rabies in arctic wolves may be more common than previously thought.19957563430
occurrence of rabies in wolves of alaska.we describe a rabies epizootic in northwest alaska (usa) during 1989 and 1990 which resulted in mortality to several different wolf (canis lupus) packs. four radio-collared wolves were confirmed to have rabies while evidence for seven others was strongly suggestive but not confirmed. the wolf population declined during the rabies epizootic; thus rabies may have been a significant limiting factor.19979131553
epidemiological surveillance of rabies in lithuania from 1986 to 1996.rabies has been endemic in lithuania for centuries. the objective of this study was to evaluate rabies incidence and seasonal trends in domestic and wild animals in lithuania from 1986 to 1996. annual rabies reports and data on cattle numbers were collected. descriptive epidemiology and time series data analyses were performed to detect seasonal trends. a total of 1,475 specimens were submitted for rabies testing. of these, 1,248 (84.6%) were confirmed as rabies cases by immunofluorescence antib ...19989850540
antibody response to rabies vaccination in captive and free-ranging wolves (canis lupus).fourteen captive and five free-ranging minnesota gray wolves (canis lupus) were tested for the presence of rabies virus neutralizing antibodies (rvna) after vaccination with an inactivated canine rabies vaccine. blood was collected from all wolves prior to vaccination and at 1 mo postvaccination (pv) and from all captive and three wild wolves at 3 mo pv. in addition, one free-ranging wolf was sampled at 4 mo pv, and two free-ranging wolves were sampled at 6 mo pv. all wolves were seronegative pr ...200112790409
antibodies to selected pathogens in free-ranging terrestrial carnivores and marine mammals in canada.antibody titres to selected pathogens (canine adenovirus [cav-2], feline herpesvirus [fhv], phocine herpesvirus [phv-1], canine distemper virus, dolphin morbillivirus [dmv], phocine distemper virus [pdv], parainfluenza virus type 3 [pi3], rabies virus, dolphin rhabdovirus [drv], canine coronavirus, feline coronavirus, feline leukaemia virus, borrelia burgdorferi and toxoplasma gondii) were determined in whole blood or serum samples from selected free-ranging terrestrial carnivores and marine mam ...200415338705
molecular epidemiology of terrestrial rabies in the former soviet union.fifty-five rabies virus isolates originating from different regions of the former soviet union (fsu) were compared with isolates originating from eurasia, africa, and north america according to complete or partial nucleoprotein (n) gene sequences. the fsu isolates formed five distinct groups. group a represented viruses originating from the arctic, which were similar to viruses from alaska and canada. group b consisted of "arctic-like" viruses, originating from the south of east siberia and the ...200415650080
serosurvey for selected viral infections in free-ranging jaguars (panthera onca) and domestic carnivores in brazilian cerrado, pantanal, and amazon.we investigated the exposure of jaguar (panthera onca) populations and domestic carnivores to selected viral infections in the cerrado, amazon, and pantanal biomes of brazil. between february 2000 and january 2010, we collected serum samples from 31 jaguars, 174 dogs (canis lupus familiaris), and 35 domestic cats (felis catus). serologic analyses for antibodies to rabies virus, canine distemper virus (cdv), feline immunodeficiency virus (fiv), and for feline leukemia virus (felv) antigen were co ...201323778599
reemergence of rabies in the southern han river region, korea.recently, 11 cases of animal rabies were reported in the southern region (suwon and hwaseong cities) of gyeonggi province, south korea. the cases were temporally separated into two cases in dogs (canis lupus familiaris) in spring 2012 and nine cases in domestic animals and wildlife in winter 2012-13. all carcasses were submitted for histopathologic examination and viral antigen identification. sequences of the glycoprotein, nucleoprotein, and glycoprotein-large polymerase protein intergenic nonc ...201424807360
rabies in wolves of the great lakes region.we report six cases of rabies (three confirmed, three suspected) in gray wolves (canis lupus) representing 21% of the total wolf mortality in a 5 yr study (1987 to 1992) of radio-collared wolves in algonquin provincial park, ontario, canada. reports of rabies in wolves of the great lakes region of north america are rare, even though wolf populations have been studied extensively for almost 40 years. no cases have been documented in wild wolves on the u.s. side of the great lakes, whereas, in ont ...19947760491
host and viral traits predict zoonotic spillover from mammals.the majority of human emerging infectious diseases are zoonotic, with viruses that originate in wild mammals of particular concern (for example, hiv, ebola and sars). understanding patterns of viral diversity in wildlife and determinants of successful cross-species transmission, or spillover, are therefore key goals for pandemic surveillance programs. however, few analytical tools exist to identify which host species are likely to harbour the next human virus, or which viruses can cross species ...201728636590
protective immune response of oral rabies vaccine in stray dogs, corsacs and steppe wolves after a single immunization.in this study the safety and protective immunity of an oral rabies vaccine, based on the live, modified rabies virus strain vrc-rz2, was examined in stray dogs (canis sp.), corsacs (vulpes corsac) and steppe wolves (canis lupus campestris). in the safety group (dogs, n=6; corsacs, n=3; wolves, n=3) which was vaccinated with a 10-times field dose/animal, no animals showed any signs of disease or changes in behavior or appetite during the period of clinical observation, similar to the animals in t ...201728766059
global mammal parasite database version 2.0.illuminating the ecological and evolutionary dynamics of parasites is one of the most pressing issues facing modern science, and is critical for basic science, the global economy, and human health. extremely important to this effort are data on the disease-causing organisms of wild animal hosts (including viruses, bacteria, protozoa, helminths, arthropods, and fungi). here we present an updated version of the global mammal parasite database, a database of the parasites of wild ungulates (artioda ...201728273333
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