examining the temporal relationship between criminal justice involvement and sexual risk behaviors among drug-involved men.although criminal justice involvement has repeatedly been associated with human immunodeficiency virus (hiv)/sexually transmitted infection prevalence and sexual risk behaviors, few studies have examined whether arrest or incarceration uniquely contributes to sexually risky behavior. we examined the temporal relationship between criminal justice involvement and subsequent sexual hiv risk among men in methadone maintenance treatment in new york city. a random sample of 356 men was interviewed at ...201020143270
gender and age patterns in hsv-2 and hiv infection among non-injecting drug users in new york examine prevalence of and associations between herpes simplex virus type 2 (hsv-2) infection and hiv infection among never-injecting heroin and cocaine drug users (nidus) in new york city.201020838366
breast cancer in women with human immunodeficiency virus infection: pathological, clinical, and prognostic implications.aids and breast cancer have become two important public health issues for women. of interest is the prolonged survival of patients diagnosed with hiv infection as a result of the use of highly active antiretroviral therapy (haart). with improved survival, we are likely to see more hiv-infected patients with breast cancer.201020950138
syringe exchange programs --- united states, 2008.persons who inject drugs should use a new, sterile needle and syringe for each injection. syringe exchange programs (seps) provide free sterile syringes and collect used syringes from injection-drug users (idus) to reduce transmission of bloodborne pathogens, including human immunodeficiency virus (hiv), hepatitis b virus, and hepatitis c virus (hcv). as of march 2009, a total of 184 seps were known to be operating in 36 states, the district of columbia (dc), and puerto rico (north american syri ...201021085091
incident hepatitis c virus infection among us hiv-infected men enrolled in clinical trials.outbreaks of sexually transmitted hepatitis c virus (hcv) infection have been reported among human immunodeficiency virus (hiv)-infected men who have sex with men in europe, australia, and new york. whether this is occurring across the united states is unknown.201121282184
associations between herpes simplex virus type 2 and hcv with hiv among injecting drug users in new york city.objectives. we examined relationships between herpes simplex virus type 2 (hsv-2), a biomarker for sexual risk, and hcv, a biomarker for injecting risk, with hiv among injecting drug users (idus) who began injecting after large-scale expansion of syringe exchange programs in new york city. methods. we recruited 337 heroin and cocaine users who began injecting in 1995 or later from persons entering drug detoxification. we administered a structured interview covering drug use and hiv risk behavior ...201121566021
hiv-2 infection surveillance --- united states, 1987--2009.human immunodeficiency virus (hiv) is categorized into two types, hiv-1 and hiv-2. worldwide, most hiv infections are hiv-1, whereas hiv-2 largely has been confined to persons in or from west africa. hiv-1 and hiv-2 have the same routes of transmission, and both can cause acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (aids); however, hiv-2 infections should be differentiated from hiv-1 infections because they are less likely to cause aids and their clinical management differs. cdc's current surveillance ca ...201121796096
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