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plague surveillance in brazil: 1983-1992.plague caused by yersinia pestis, has persisted in brazil in several natural foci spread throughout rural areas in the states of ceara, paraiba, pernambuco, piaui, rio grande do norte, alagoas, bahia, minas gerais and rio de janeiro. nationwide surveillance of plague in brazil based on serological testing started in 1983. we now present an update report of the examinations carried out in our laboratory from 1983 to 1992. the passive hemagglutination test for antibodies against fraction 1a antige ...19958731264
ecotopes, natural infection and trophic resources of triatoma brasiliensis (hemiptera, reduviidae, triatominae).triatoma brasiliensis is considered as one of the most important chagas disease vectors in the northeastern brazil. this species presents chromatic variations which led to descriptions of subspecies, synonymized by lent and wygodzinsky (1979). in order to broaden bionomic knowledge of these distinct colour patterns of t. brasiliensis, captures were performed at different sites, where the chromatic patterns were described: caicó, rio grande do norte (t. brasiliensis brasiliensis neiva, 1911), it ...19989698835
survey of canine heartworm in the city of recife, pernambuco, brazil.six hundred and eleven random-source dogs (338 male, 273 female) one year of age or older, from six sections of the city of recife, pernambuco, were examined antemortem for circulating microfilariae dirofilaria immitis and dipetalonema reconditum adult heartworm (d. immitis) antigen, and examined postmortem for adult heartworms. the prevalence of heartworm infection was 2.3% (14/611), as determined by necropsy for adult worms, and 1% (6/611) had circulating microfilariae of d. immitis; thus, 57. ...199910464398
wild and synanthropic hosts of leishmania (viannia) braziliensis in the endemic cutaneous leishmaniasis locality of amaraji, pernambuco state, brazil.evidence of leishmania infection was found in small mammals captured between 1996 and 2000 in the amaraji region, pernambuco state, brazil. the kdna polymerase chain reaction (pcr), using primers specific for subgenus l. (viannia), was positive for 43/153 water rats (nectomys squamipes), 13/81 black rats (rattus rattus), 15/103 grass mice (bolomys lasiurus), 1/14 marsh mice (holochilus scieurus), 2/50 field mice (akodon arviculoides), 2/12 woolly opossums (marmosa sp.), and 5/37 common opossums ...200315228244
first record of desmodus rotundus in urban area from the city of olinda, pernambuco, northeastern brazil: a case report.the objective of this report is to describe the first record of desmodus rotundus in urban area from the city of olinda, pernambuco state, northeastern brazil, and to draw attention to the possible risk of rabies transmission in this place. after the complaint of a dog owner who observed three bats attacking his dog, images registering attacks of d. rotundus were captured with a video camera. from 09:00 p.m. on 13 february 2004 to 04:00 a.m. of the next day, a high frequency of haematophagic act ...200515880224
[is visceral leishmaniasis an endemic disease in recife, pernambuco?]. 200516082490
epidemiologic surveillance of canine visceral leishmaniasis in the municipality of recife, pernambuco.this paper describes an epidemiologic investigation carried out in imbiribeira district, where a canine visceral leishmaniasis case was recorded. despite the absence of seropositive dogs and sand flies, these findings are not sufficient to discard the occurrence of a zoonotic cycle of visceral leishmaniasis in recife.200516172765
rhipicephalus sanguineus (acari: ixodidae), the brown dog tick, parasitizing humans in brazil.the objective of this paper is to describe four cases of human parasitism by rhipicephalus sanguineus (latrielle) in brazil. during an investigation regarding the species of ectoparasites of domestic dogs from the metropolitan region of recife, pernambuco state, four dog owners were found to be parasitized by ticks. the ticks were collected from these individuals and their dogs. all the ticks were identified as rhipicephalus sanguineus . these are, to our knowledge, the first four cases of human ...200616501769
seroepidemiological survey on canine leishmaniasis among dogs from an urban area of brazil.a cross-sectional seroepidemiological survey on canine leishmaniasis among pet dogs was carried out in an urban area in the state of pernambuco (brazil) where human cases of visceral leishmaniasis have sporadically been reported. using an indirect fluorescent antibody test, anti-leishmania antibodies were detected in 130 out of 322 dogs, confirming previous exposure to leishmania parasites. the overall seroprevalence found was 40.3% (95% confidence interval: 34.9-45.9). data analysis revealed th ...200616621286
[current epidemiological status of visceral leishmaniasis in northeastern brazil].the objective was to describe the current epidemiological status of visceral leishmaniasis in the state of pernambuco, northeastern brazil. for that, a search for scientific production on epidemiology of visceral leishmaniasis in pernambuco was carried out in electronic databases medline, scielo and lilacs. additionally, relevant papers that have not been retrieved from the searches were analyzed. the 18 studies selected for this review indicate that: visceral leishmaniasis is widely spread in p ...200616810380
human exposure to potential rabies virus transmitters in olinda, state of pernambuco, between 2002 and 2006.the aim of the present study was to evaluate the data on human exposure to potential rabies virus transmitters in olinda, state of pernambuco, brazil. data from 7,062 patients who underwent antirabies prophylactic treatment in olinda between 2002 and 2006 were analyzed. as expected, dogs and cats were involved in most of the cases; i.e. 82.3 and 16.3%, respectively. attacks by nonhuman primates, bats and other species (unspecified) were also reported. among the 7,062 patients who underwent antir ...200718200411
[serologic profile of toxoplasmosis in pregnant women attended at a teaching-hospital in recife].to determine the serologic profile of toxoplasmosis and the main factors associated with susceptibility (patients without igm and igg antibodies) in pregnant women attended at a teaching-hospital in recife, brasil.200818604403
occurrence of antibodies to neospora caninum and toxoplasma gondii in dogs from pernambuco, northeast brazil.a serological survey was carried out to assess the occurrence of anti-neospora caninum antibodies in dogs from the state of pernambuco. a total of 625 serum samples of dogs (289 from paulista, 168 from amaraji and 168 from garanhuns) were tested by an immunofluorescence antibody assay for the detection of anti-n. caninum antibodies. a total of 177 (28.3%; ic 95%, 24.9-32.1) samples were positive. the seropositivity rates found in paulista, amaraji and garanhuns were 26% (ic 95%, 21-31.4), 26.2% ...200818723288
[occurrence of weevils (insecta: coleoptera) in pet food traded in the metropolitan region of recife, pernambuco state, brazil].with the purpose of verifying the occurrence of insect pests in dog food commercialized in the metropolitan region of recife, samples from 15 different pet stores were submitted to the extraction of insects in a berlese-tullgren apparatus. tribolium castaneum (herbst) (tenebrionidae) (55.2%) was the most frequent specie followed by oryzaephilus surinamensis (l.) (cucujidae) (31.3%), rhyzopertha dominica (fabricius) (bostrichidae) (8.9%) and lasioderma serricorne (fabricius) (anobiidae) (4.7%), a ...200819061049
ticks on domestic animals in pernambuco, northeastern brazil.the objective of this article was to discuss some aspects of ticks associated with domestic animals in the state of pernambuco, northeastern brazil, based on a literature review and present new data obtained from recent tick collections carried out in this northeastern brazilian state. from august 2007 to june 2008, 1,405 ticks were collected and five species were identified: amblyomma cajennense (fabricius, 1787), amblyomma ovale koch, 1844, dermacentor nitens neumann, 1897, rhipicephalus (boop ...200919772771
[prevalence of anti-leishmania spp antibodies in dogs from garanhuns, in the middle scrub zone (agreste) of pernambuco].considering the unknown situation regarding canine visceral leishmaniasis in garanhuns, this study had the aim of investigating occurrences of anti-leishmania spp antibodies in domesticated and partially domesticated dogs, and the possible risk factors involved.201020305967
[perception of the zoonosis and responsible pet care by the parents from public schools kindergarten located at metropolitan region of recife, northeast of brazil].the goal of this research was to examine parents' perception of the zoonosis and responsible pet care, observing their level of knowledge and awareness about the theme. a convenience sample of 64 parents from two kindergarten schools located at metropolitan region of recife, pernambuco state, was surveyed using a perception questionnaire. findings indicate that 71.8 % didn't know the meaning of the term zoonosis, but 16% recognize at least one type of the disease. diseases transmitted from anima ...201020640307
molecular survey and genetic characterization of tick-borne pathogens in dogs in metropolitan recife (north-eastern brazil).to identify dna of the main tick-borne pathogens in dogs from recife (brazil), polymerase chain reactions were carried out on blood samples of dogs treated at the veterinary hospital of the universidade federal rural de pernambuco from march 2007 to june 2008. the detection of dna was performed using specific primers. amplicons were analyzed through electrophoresis and sequencing. a phylogenetic tree was constructed using the upgma method, revealing that the sequences were closely related to tho ...201020680344
seroprevalence of toxoplasma gondii in domestic and wild animals from the fernando de noronha, brazil.abstract fernando de noronha is an archipelago of 21 islands and islets in the atlantic ocean, state of pernambuco, brazil, and has a varied biodiversity, including alien species or sinantropic animals. the objective here was to determine seroprevalence of toxoplasma gondii in domestic and wild animals from fernando de noronha archipelago, brazil. between july 2007 to may 2010, blood samples were collected from 764 animals (533 domestic and 231 wild animals). sera were tested by the indirect f ...201122150091
ectoparasite infestation on rural dogs in the municipality of são vicente férrer, pernambuco, northeastern brazil.this article presents the results of a study on ectoparasites infesting rural dogs in pernambuco, northeastern brazil. forty-one dogs from a rural community of pernambuco were examined and 70.7% were infested by ectoparasites. the prevalence rates of infestation by ticks, fleas, and lice were 58.5, 43.9 and 22%, respectively. of 24 dogs parasitized by ticks, 15 were exclusively infested by rhipicephalus sanguineus (latreille) (32 females, 66 males, 9 nymphs; prevalence, 48.8%; mean intensity, 5. ...200919772781
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