typhoid outbreak investigation in dzivaresekwa, suburb of harare city, zimbabwe, 2011.typhoid fever is a systemic infection caused by a gram negative bacterium, salmonella typhi. harare city reported 1078 cases of suspected typhoid fever cases from october 2011 to january 2012. we initiated an investigation to identify possible source of transmission so as to institute control measures.201425469202
evaluation of tubex-tf and onsite typhoid igg/igm combo rapid tests to detect salmonella enterica serovar typhi infection during a typhoid outbreak in harare, zimbabwe.salmonella enterica serovar typhi, the causative agent of typhoid, is endemic in most parts of the world especially in africa. reliable and rapid diagnosis of the bacterium is therefore critical for confirmation of all suspected typhoid cases. in many parts of zimbabwe, laboratory capacity to isolate the microorganism by culture method as a way of diagnosis has limitations. in this study, two rapid serological kits, tubex-tf and onsite typhoid igg/igm combo, were evaluated for possible expeditio ...201525890321
salmonella and shigella bacteraemia in patients with hiv infection, non-typhoidal salmonellae are a recognised cause of bacteraemia. this association was initially demonstrated in the united states, but has more recently been found in kenyan patients. this prompted us to review the cases of patients with enterobacteriaceae bacteraemia admitted to parirenyatwa hospital, harare. non-typhoidal salmonella bacteraemia as compared with typhoid fever was significantly more common in hiv infected patients than in non-hiv infected patients ...19938131197
notes from the field: salmonella typhi infections associated with contaminated water--zimbabwe, october 2011-may 2012.on october 25, 2011, a cluster of approximately 20 suspected cases of typhoid fever in residents of dzivaresekwa, a high-density suburb of harare, zimbabwe, was reported to the city of harare city health department. on november 22, a team from cdc-atlanta, cdc-kenya/kenya medical research institute, and the south africa field epidemiology and laboratory training program, was invited to assist with the investigation by providing epidemiologic and microbiologic support to better describe the outbr ...201222695383
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