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mycobacterium avium intracellulare as a marker of human immunodeficiency virus disease.between january 1981 and december 1986, 4,178 patients were cultured for mycobacteria at a community teaching hospital in hartford. the number of patients with positive cultures totaled 278 (6.65%). mycobacterium other than tuberculosis (mott) was isolated from 228 (82%). mott isolation increased yearly from 1.5% of the patients in 1981 to 14.5% of the patients in 1986. mycobacterium avium intracellulare (mai) was the most common mott species isolated (197/228). fifty-nine patients were under th ...19892758831
emerging significance of mycobacterium avium-complex infection in an inner-city hospital.this study ascertains the incidence, trends, and clinical significance of acid-fast bacilli (afb) isolates at bridgeport hospital from january 1, 1995 through september 30, 1999. one hundred twenty-two isolates of nine different types of mycobacteria and nocardia were cultured from 117 patients. about 30% were hiv-positive, 34% were hiv-negative, and the hiv status of 36% was unknown. the predominant isolates were mycobacterium avium-complex (mac) (60%) and mycobacterium tuberculosis (mtb) (21.3 ...200212143114
prospective cohort study of children born to human immunodeficiency virus-infected mothers, 1985 through 1997: trends in the risk of vertical transmission, mortality and acquired immunodeficiency syndrome indicator diseases in the era before highly active antiretroviral therapy.to assess changes in the risk of vertical transmission of hiv and changes in both mortality and morbidity among children in southern connecticut with hiv infection after the introduction of treatment of hiv-infected pregnant women with antiretroviral drugs and of regimens to prevent or to treat aids indicator diseases in infected children.200010917219
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