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rabies surveillance in the united states during 2003.during 2003, 49 states and puerto rico reported 7,170 cases of rabies in nonhuman animals and 3 cases in human beings to the cdc. this represents a 10% decrease from the 7,967 cases in nonhuman animals and 3 cases in human beings reported in 2002. more than 91 (n = 6,556) were in wild animals, and 8.6% (614) were in domestic species (compared with 92.5% in wild animals and 74% in domestic species in 2002). the relative contributions of the major groups of animals were as follows: 2,635 raccoons ...200415643834
contagious ecthyma (orf) in a goat herd. 19761049176
orf virus infection in humans--new york, illinois, california, and tennessee, 2004-2005.orf virus is a zoonotic parapoxvirus endemic to most countries in the world and is principally associated with small ruminants (e.g., sheep and goats). human orf infections appear as ulcerative skin lesions after contact with an infected animal or contaminated fomite. this report summarizes the epidemiologic and laboratory investigations of four sporadic cases of human orf infection, emphasizing the temporal association between human lesions and skin trauma or recent flock vaccination with live ...200616437055
rabies surveillance in the united states during 2004.during 2004, 49 states and puerto rico reported 6,836 cases of rabies in nonhuman animals and 8 cases in human beings to the cdc, representing a 4.6% decrease from the 7,170 cases in nonhuman animals and 3 cases in human beings reported in 2003. approximately 92% of the cases were in wildlife, and 8% were in domestic animals (compared with 91% and 9%, respectively, in 2003). relative contributions by the major animal groups were as follows: 2,564 raccoons (37.5%), 1,856 skunks (27.1%), 1,361 bat ...200516379626
q fever--california, georgia, pennsylvania, and tennessee, 2000-2001.q fever is a zoonotic disease caused by the bacterium coxiella burnetii. the most common reservoirs are domesticated ruminants, primarily cattle, sheep, and goats. humans acquire q fever typically by inhaling aerosols or contaminated dusts derived from infected animals or animal products. its highly infectious nature and aerosol route of transmission make c. burnetii a possible agent of bioterrorism. although up to 60% of initial infections are asymptomatic, acute disease can manifest as a relat ...200212403408
rabies surveillance in the united states during 2002.during 2002, 49 states and puerto rico reported 7,967 cases of rabies in nonhuman animals and 3 cases in human beings to the centers for disease control and prevention, an increase of 7.2% from the 7,436 cases in non-human animals and 1 case in a human being reported in 2001. more than 92% (7,375 cases) were in wild animals, whereas 7.4% (592) were in domestic species (compared with 93.3% in wild animals and 6.7% in domestic species in 2001). compared with cases reported in 2001, the numbers of ...200314690203
cesium-137 and 131i in thyroids of cattle and sheep after nuclear accidents and weapons tests. 19883182285
a survey of ovine parasite control practices in tennessee.a sample of 126 sheep producers in tennessee was randomly selected from the members of a statewide organization of sheep producers. data about the participants' farms, sheep, parasite control practices and sources of information regarding ovine parasite control were obtained by a telephone survey. the response rate was 99%. the typical respondent kept 20 lambs, 20 ewes and 2 rams on three pastures totalling 20 acres. in order of decreasing frequency, anthelmintics were given according to a regul ...19921615622
reproductive effort reduces long-term immune function in breeding tree swallows (tachycineta bicolor).we examined whether strategies of reproductive allocation may reduce long-term immunocompetence through the effects of manipulated effort on secondary or acquired immunity. we tested whether increased reproductive effort leads to reduced immune function and survival by manipulating brood size in tree swallows (tachycineta bicolor) and exposing breeding females to a primary and secondary exposure of sheep red blood cells to elicit a humoral immune response. females raising enlarged broods produce ...200312964994
129i and 137cs fission products in thyroids of animals, 1984-1991.iodine is intensely concentrated in the thyroid of animals, while 137cs is not. in this study, 129i and 137cs concentrations were determined in animal thyroids from selected areas during 1984-1991. the thyroids were from deer killed within the savannah river site (srs) in south carolina; from the environs of oak ridge (or), tennessee; west tennessee; and florida. thyroids from sheep slaughtered routinely in birmingham, england (uk), were also tested. the glands were analyzed by x-ray spectroscop ...19938416215
125i in thyroid glands from england. 19938330970
comparison of a new ovine antigen binding fragment (fab) antivenin for united states crotalidae with the commercial antivenin for protection against venom-induced lethality in mice.snake venom poisoning is a medical emergency requiring immediate attention and the exercise of considerable judgment. of the estimated 8,000 bites inflicted by venomous snakes in the united states each year, approximately 6,000 are treated with commercial antivenin. the only commercially available antivenin for north american crotalidae envenomation is antivenin (crotalidae) polyvalent (equine origin) (acp; wyeth laboratories, philadelphia, pa). a common complication is the high incidence of hyp ...19957485708
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