Publications

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prevalence and molecular characterization of giardia duodenalis from sheep in central italy.giardiosis in domestic ruminants is an important parasitic disease and it has been shown to impair growth in lambs, thus constituting a disease of economic concern. in europe, surveys on the prevalence of giardiosis in sheep are limited. in order to obtain additional information on the presence of giardiosis and on the potential zoonotic role of giardia duodenalis affecting sheep in central italy, faecal samples of 325 native sheep from 20 farms in abruzzo region (italy) were examined for the pr ...200515841417
tick-borne diseases in ruminants of central and southern italy: epidemiology and case reports.sera and blood from cattle and sheep were examined for the presence of babesia and theileria spp by microscopy and serology at the parasitology department of the istituto zooprofilattico sperimentale of abruzzo and molise (izsam). of the 47 bovine herds (323 animals) tested, 15 were found positive for babesia bigemina and 1 for babesia bovis. two outbreaks occurred, one caused by b. bigemina and one by b. bovis. the b. bigemina outbreak occurred in abruzzo and has been followed for two years. th ...199911071553
the impact of predators on livestock in the abruzzo region of italy.free-living populations of wolves (canis lupus linnaeus, 1758) and brown bears (ursus arctos linnaeus, 1758) regularly cause damage to livestock in the abruzzo region of italy. the laws of the region provide for compensation payments to owners for losses caused by predators. in the present paper, 4,993 validated claims made between 1980 and 1988 are examined. losses ascribed to wolf, bear and wild boar attacks were 92.1%, 7.8% and 0.1%, respectively, of the total losses caused by predators durin ...19938518446
ovine catarrhal fever (bluetongue): analysis of culicoides species in seropositive farms.bluetongue (bt) is an orbiviral disease of wild and domestic ruminants, mainly sheep. in sicily, the first bluetongue outbreak occurred in october 2000; there have been 76 recorded outbreaks so far. the national surveillance plan, based on european union commission decision 138/2001/ce, establishes serological and entomological surveys. this plan consists of controls of seronegative cattle, called 'sentry' as indicators for the presence and circulation of virus in defined areas. to check the ser ...201020537094
[occupational brucellosis in the veterinary service of the local health service in the abruzzo region (italy)].during the health surveillance of the employees in the veterinary service of a local sanitary service, we came across a medical case of occupational brucellosis in a veterinarian, identified by seriological data (wright' seriological diagnosis + brucellosis specific test with identification of igm and igg), in a lack of significant anamnesis, anamnestic negativity of dangerous behaviours. two medical cases of the sole seriological positivity have been identified in a veterinarian and in a health ...200718409978
updates on cystic echinococcosis (ce) in italy.an update on cystic echinococcosis (ce) diffusion in italy during 2003-2005 is reported. ce seems to have a sporadic diffusion in the northern part of the country where this disease plays a minor role (prevalence < 1%). recent investigations have shown the occurrence of ce cases in humans from the mountains between reggio emilia and modena, with an average year incidence between 9.4 and 5.6/100,000. in abruzzo prevalences in sheep and cattle are 20.2% and 15.3%, with a fertility of 4.6% and 1.3% ...200616881397
characterization of quinolone resistance in escherichia coli strains of animal origin from italy.the aim of this study was to assess the possible circulation of genetic resistance determinants and chromosomal point mutations in quinolone-resistant escherichia coli isolated from livestock from central italy. forty-nine e. coli isolates were recovered from animals during the surveillance activities of the istituto zooprofilattico abruzzo e molise (izsa&m), italy, over 2 years. the plasmid resistance determinants and point mutations in dna gyrase and topoisomerase iv were characterized by pcr ...201020566420
borrelia burgdorferi s.l. and ehrlichia chaffeensis in the national park of abruzzo.the aims of the present study were (a) to determine the presence of ixodes ricinus in three different areas of the national park of abruzzo; (b) to search for the presence of borrelia burgdorferi in the collected sample of ixodes; (c) to determine the seroprevalence of b. burgdorferi antibodies and e. chaffeensis antibodies in inhabitants of the park and in park workers. the presence of b. burgdorferi in ixodes was checked by pcr. for the detection of antibodies to b. burgdorferi all sera were a ...19989675844
raw milk traditional italian ewe cheeses as a source of lactobacillus casei strains with acid-bile resistance and antigenotoxic properties.twenty-five lactobacillus casei group strains isolated from ewe cheeses from abruzzo region, central italy, were identified by 16s rrna gene sequencing, differentiated by rapd-pcr analysis and characterized as in vitro for acid-bile tolerance and antigenotoxic properties. all the strains were very susceptible to simulated gastric fluid (ph 2.0) but most of them recovered viability (ca. 2-3 log-units) when transferred and maintained in simulated intestinal fluid (0.5% w/v bovine bile) for 3 h. so ...200818538879
cystic echinococcosis in italy from the 1950s to present.in italy the epidemiological pattern of cistic echinococcosis (ce) is incomplete and the information for most regions is out of date, contradictory, and almost exclusively limited to the intermediate hosts. the disease is found most frequently in particular social and economic conditions: widespread use of extensive or semi-extensive sheep farming, illegal slaughtering, and high numbers of sheepdogs and other types of dogs. the highest incidence in sheep is found in sardinia (70.6-92.8%), sicily ...200416044697
traditional phytotherapy in central italy (marche, abruzzo, and latium).in this study, the more significant results of extensive ethnopharmacobotanical research carried out by the author in the years 1977-2000 in 175 localities of three regions of central italy (marche, abruzzo, and latium) have been reported and compared. the usages of 80 species belonging to 36 families are described, of which 71 were used in human therapy and 29 in veterinary medicine. uses are suited with the number of localities in which they have been mentioned. among the wild plant mainly sti ...200515664457
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