[the spread of hydatidosis in slaughter-house animals in the province of caserta and its prevention]. 19695407921
[coxiella burnetii: what is the reality?].after the second world war, in italy q fever or coxiellosis has been shown a significant relevance, a recrudescence with an epidemic state for over ten years. later, the infectious disease occurred as endemic since the 80s, the outbreaks were just isolated. workflows analysis of some authors has demonstrated the spread out of the infection throughout italian herds with a prevalence ranging from 1.2 per cent to 10 per cent. our survey carried out throughout campania area in cattle has shown a rea ...200415305702
cystic echinococcosis in the campania region (southern italy). 200416044717
metal levels in fodder, milk, dairy products, and tissues sampled in ovine farms of southern italy.we measured cd, cr, hg, mn, and pb levels in samples of fodder, milk, dairy products, and tissues collected from 12 ovine farms in the regions of campania and calabria (southern italy). the areas in which the farms are located show different levels of anthropogenic pressure. the main purpose of this study is the identification and the analysis of relationships among metal concentrations observed in samples representative of different links in the food chain. particularly, we apply univariate, bi ...200416053927
bluetongue virus isolations from midges belonging to the obsoletus complex (culicoides, diptera: ceratopogonidae) in italy.between july and september 2002 there were outbreaks of bluetongue on three sheep holdings in the communities of san gregorio magno (salerno, campania), laviano (salerno, campania) and carpino (foggia, puglia), and the involvement of bluetongue virus (btv) was confirmed serologically and virologically. the mortality rate was at least 11 per cent and involved btv serotype 2 (btv-2) and serotype 9 (btv-9). these holdings were also surveyed for the culicoides (diptera: ceratopogonidae) vectors; app ...200516055660
cystic echinococcosis in water buffaloes: epidemiological survey and molecular evidence of ovine (g1) and buffalo (g3) strains.a survey of cystic echinococcosis (ce) in the water buffalo (bubalus bubalis) of the italian mediterranean breed was carried out in campania, a region of southern italy. in addition, a molecular study was performed on 48 hydatid cysts coming from 48 water buffaloes in order to determine the echinococcus granulosus strain(s) present in this host. out of a total of 722 water buffaloes examined for ce, 76 (10.5%) were found infected. the average number of cysts per buffalo was 4.3 (minimum 1, maxim ...200616480832
updates on cystic echinococcosis (ce) in update on cystic echinococcosis (ce) diffusion in italy during 2003-2005 is reported. ce seems to have a sporadic diffusion in the northern part of the country where this disease plays a minor role (prevalence < 1%). recent investigations have shown the occurrence of ce cases in humans from the mountains between reggio emilia and modena, with an average year incidence between 9.4 and 5.6/100,000. in abruzzo prevalences in sheep and cattle are 20.2% and 15.3%, with a fertility of 4.6% and 1.3% ...200616881397
molecular update on cystic echinococcosis in cattle and water buffaloes of southern italy.cystic echinococcosis (ce)--caused by the larval stage (hydatid cyst) of the cestode echinococcus granulosus--is one of the most widespread zoonoses of veterinary and medical importance. molecular techniques have allowed the identification of 10 different genotypes (g1-g10) of the parasite. the present paper is an update regarding the e. granulosus genotypes infecting water buffaloes and cattle bred in the campania region of southern italy. the molecular study was performed on 30 hydatid cysts ( ...200818234031
the role of cattle in the epidemiology of echinococcus granulosus in an endemic area of southern epidemiological and molecular survey was conducted to investigate the role of cattle in the transmission chain of cystic echinococcosis (ce) in the campania region of southern italy. out of a total of 434 cattle examined for ce, 45 (10.4%) were found infected. a total of 363 cysts were collected from the infected animals: 239 in the liver and 124 in the lungs. the cysts were either sterile (42.7%) or calcified/caseous (57.3%); no fertile cysts were found. most of the cysts had sizes <3 cm (77 ...200818338180
multivariate spatially-structured variability of ovine helminth infections.a cross-sectional survey was carried out on 2004-2005 in the campania region, southern italy, to study the multivariate geographical distribution of four different sheep helminths, i.e. fasciola hepatica (liver fluke), calicophoron (paramphistomum) daubneyi (rumen fluke), dicrocoelium dendriticum (lancet fluke), and the gastrointestinal strongyle haemonchus contortus. a series of multivariate bayesian hierarchical models based on square root transformation of faecal egg counts were performed. th ...200718686259
geo-referencing livestock farms as tool for studying cystic echinococcosis epidemiology in cattle and water buffaloes from southern italy.cystic echinococcosis (ce), caused by the larval stages of the tapeworm echinococcus granulosus, is known to be one of the most important parasitic infection in livestock worldwide and one of the most widespread zoonoses known. in the present study, we used a geographical information system (gis) to study the spatial structure of livestock (cattle, water buffaloes and sheep) populations to gain a better understanding of the role of sheep as reservoir for the transmission of ce to cattle and wate ...200718686260
evaluation of the famacha system for detecting the severity of anaemia in sheep from southern italy.since it was first developed in south africa, the famacha system has been successfully tested in different geographic area where haemonchus contortus is the major gastrointestinal (gi) strongyle species of sheep. the present study, the first on the use of the famacha system in italy, was aimed at obtaining a complete haematological profile in sheep with gi strongyle infection, in order to evaluate the validity of the famacha system for detecting the severity of anaemia in sheep from southern ita ...200919153013
characterization of antimicrobial resistant salmonella enterica serovars enteritidis and typhimurium isolates from animal and food in southern the last two decades, the emergence and spread of antimicrobial-resistant pathogens, among them salmonella, has become a serious health hazard worldwide, and specifically the high incidence of multidrug resistance has been encountered widely in many european countries. this study examines the antimicrobial susceptibility of salmonella enterica strains typhimurium and enteritidis isolated in campania and calabria region (southern italy) from animal and food of animal origin. the relationship o ...201020401533
the utility of chromosome microdissection in clinical cytogenetics: a new reciprocal translocation in sheep.local sheep breeders and scientists in italy cooperate and conduct research on the genetic improvement of autochthonous genetic types (agts) by various approaches, including a cytogenetic breeding selection since 2011. the laticauda sheep (ovis aries, 2n = 54) breed is one of the agts reared in the campania region (southern italy). performing cytogenetic analyses, we have detected and described a novel reciprocal translocation in a laticauda sheep identified as 54,xx t(18;23)(q14;q26). our data ...201424733039
toxoplasma gondii in sheep from the campania region (italy).a cross-sectional serological survey was conducted in order to evaluate, irrespective of abortion, the toxoplasma gondii infection in pastured sheep from the campania region of southern italy. a geographical information system was used in order to uniformly sample the ovine farms (n=117) throughout the entire region. blood and milk samples were collected from 10 adult sheep (>18 months) on each farm (total number=1170 sheep). serum samples were tested for the presence of igg antibodies to t. gon ...200717764846
lead and cadmium concentrations in livestock bred in campania, italy. 19873664001
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