survey of ticks (acarina: ixodidae) for crimean haemorrhagic fever virus activity in jammu & kashmir state, india.a survey of ixodid ticks was carried on in 1977 to determine the crimean haemorrhagic fever (chf) virus activity in jammu & kashmir state, india. in all, 412 immatures and 3258 adults belonging to 7 genera and 16 species of ticks were collected as ectoparasites of small and large mammals. these included one species each of the genera boophilus, dermacentor and nosomma, 2 species of rhipicephalus, 3 species of ixodes and 4 species each of haemaphysalis and hyalomma. haem. bispinosa was the predom ...19902111801
studies on the prevalence and laboratory transmission of fascioliasis in animals in the kashmir kashmir, 85.1% of cattle, 51.3% of sheep and 14.8% of goats were found infected with fasciola spp. the prevalence rate varied from 66.6 to 100.0%, 25.0 to 100% and nil to 66.0% in cattle, sheep and goats respectively in different months of the year. fasciola gigantica was the predominant species in all animal species but sheep harboured both f. gigantica and f. hepatica. the prevalence of f. hepatica infection in sheep happens to be the first report from india. lymnaea auricularia sensu stric ...19892920277
isolation of clostridium oedematiens from sheep and an attempt at control of "black disease" in a farm at kashmir. 19715559581
gastro-intestinal nematodes in sheep in kashmir.examination at necropsy of the abomasum and intestinal tract of 62 sheep (including both sexes) of karnah breed, aged one to two years over a period of one year was conducted at handwara, situated in the north-west of kashmir valley. the following species of nematodes were found: haemonchus contortus, trichostrongylus axei, trichostrongylus colubriformis, bunostomum trigonocephalum, chabertia ovina, nematodirus spathiger, skrjabinema ovis and trichuris ovis. infections with trichostrongylus axei ...19826891858
parasitic bronchitis in goats and the possible use of dictyocaulus filaria vaccine for its control.parasitic bronchitis is widely prevalent in migratory flocks of small ruminants in the northwest himalayan regions of india. the prevalence data collected from 5554 goats, maintained in 31 villages in different agroclimatic regions of the himalayas, showed that the prevalence of the disease in goats varied from 18.7 to 47.6% with an overall prevalence of 21.8%. interestingly, 27.6% of goats maintained at an altitude of 2700-3900 m above mean sea level in kargil (jammu and kashmir), where the cli ...19948171828
molecular epidemiology of ovine herpesvirus type 2 infection in kashmir, india.the aims of this investigation were to determine the prevalence of ovine herpesvirus type 2 (ovhv-2) (the causative agent of malignant catarrhal fever) infection in cattle, the carrier status of sheep and goats, and to define the pattern of acquisition of ovhv-2 in lambs under natural flock conditions in kashmir, india. none of the buffy coat samples from 21 lambs contained ovhv-2 dna sequences up to 28 days after birth, only one lamb had sequences of ovhv-2 dna as early as 29 days after birth, ...200617071670
isolation and characterization of dichelobacter nodosus from ovine and caprine footrot in kashmir, india.footrot is a highly contagious and economically important disease of sheep and goats, caused by dichelobacter nodosus, a slow growing anaerobic gram-negative rod. the current australian antigenic classification system, based on variation in the fimbriae, classifies d. nodosus into at least 10 serogroups (a-i and m) and 18 serotypes. this investigation was intended to determine the serological diversity of d. nodosus in this region of kashmir, india. exudates of footrot lesions were collected fro ...200717250860
carnivore-caused livestock mortality in trans-himalaya.the loss of livestock to wild predators is an important livelihood concern among trans-himalayan pastoralists. because of the remoteness and inaccessibility of the region, few studies have been carried out to quantify livestock depredation by wild predators. in the present study, we assessed the intensity of livestock depredation by snow leopard uncia uncia, tibetan wolf canis lupus chanku, and eurasian lynx lynx l. isabellina in three villages, namely gya, rumtse, and sasoma, within the propose ...200717318699
epidemiology of gastrointestinal nematodes of sheep managed under traditional husbandry system in kashmir valley.the present study was conducted with the objective to investigate the seasonal epidemiological prevalence of gastrointestinal tract (git) nematodes in different age groups, sexes and breeds (genotypes) of sheep through necropsy and faecal analysis over a period of 2 years in kashmir valley, india. a total of 1533 sheep were examined [faecal examination: 1035 (year 1: 561, year 2: 474); necropsy: 498 (year 1: 232, year 2: 266)]. out of these, 945 (61.64%) were found infected [faecal examination: ...200818838225
footrot on a sheep breeding farm in the himalayan state of jammu and the present study ovine footrot was detected clinically on a sheep farm in the himalayan state of jammu and kashmir. dichelobacter nodosus was confirmed by culture and polymerase chain reaction (pcr) using species-specific 16s ribosomal rna primers. when cultured, the organism appeared as flat colourless colonies having a fine granulated structure with irregular margins, and showing characteristic gram-negative rods with swollen ends. detection by pcr from cultured bacteria resulted in amplif ...201021309465
determination of prevalence and economic impact of ovine footrot in central kashmir india with isolation and molecular characterization of dichelobacter nodosus.the present study determines the prevalence, economic impact of virulent footrot in central kashmir, india, along with isolation and molecular characterization of dichelobacter nodosus (d. nodosus) where so far no such work has been carried out. over all 12.54% prevalence of footrot was recorded in central kashmir with highest (15.84%) in district srinagar, and least (10.89%) in district budgam, while it was 13.28% in district ganderbal. overall economic impact of footrot was estimated to the tu ...201121397709
an outbreak of sheep pox on a sheep breeding farm in jammu, outbreak of sheep pox occurred in december 2001 on a sheep breeding farm in jammu, india. the farm maintains three exotic breeds of sheep, i.e. american merino, rambouillet and australian cross. the disease agent was confirmed as sheep pox virus by clinical and post-mortem examination as well as laboratory testing. typical pock lesions were dispersed over the body of the affected animals with nodular lesions observed in the lung tissue of the dead animals. sheep pox virus antigen and antibody ...200415861890
molecular detection and characterization of dichelobacter nodosus in ovine footrot in india.dichelobacter nodosus was detected in three clinical cases of ovine footrot in kashmir, india. the detection was done by pcr in three clinical specimens directly, without isolating the organism, using species-specific 16s rdna primers. positive results were indicated by amplification of a 783 bp product. all the three samples were subjected to serogrouping by multiplex pcr using group (a-i) specific primers. all the three samples revealed the presence of serogroup b of d. nodosus by yielding a s ...200415294315
pulmonary endocrine cells and the pulmonary circulation in various species in the himalaya.the numbers, morphology and distribution of pulmonary endocrine cells in goats, sheep, and the yak and its interbreeds were demonstrated by means of the peroxidase-antiperoxidase technique using a polyclonal antiserum to neuron-specific enolase. the animals came from two different locations and altitudes, srinagar, kashmir at 1250 m and sakti in ladakh, 4500 m. the presence of immuno-reactive cells was demonstrated in all animals but was related to species and not to the altitude of residence.19902150556
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