bluetongue in western october 1977 clinical bluetongue broke out in aydin province, western turkey and spread to adjacent provinces in the autumn months of 1978 and 1979. the outbreak was caused by a virus of serotype 4 and appeared to occur in a totally susceptible population. it was eventually controlled by widespread use of attenuated type-specific vaccine. bluetongue virus was isolated from sheep on several occasions and also from a calf with congenital arthrogryposis and hydranencephaly. this latter finding i ...19826289510
characteristic and non-characteristic pathological findings in peste des petits ruminants (ppr) of sheep in the ege district of turkey.this report describes the pathological and immunohistochemical findings in naturally infected lambs from three outbreaks of peste des petits ruminants in mugla and aydin provinces of the ege district of turkey. at necropsy, ulcerative stomatitis, catarrhal or fibrinous bronchopneumonia, and acute catarrhal enteritis were observed. histopathologically, syncytial cells containing inclusion bodies were seen in the tongue and in the buccal, labial and soft palate mucosae. in pneumonic lungs, syncyti ...200415276853
border disease virus (bdv) infections of small ruminants in turkey: a new bdv subgroup?blood samples from sheep and/or goats from eight small ruminant flocks in the turkish provinces of aydin and burdur were tested for the presence of pestiviruses using an antigen-capture elisa. from clinically affected animals, pathological and immunohistochemical findings were recorded. post mortem examination of a virus-positive lamb showing abnormal fleece and paralysis of the hind legs revealed nonsuppurative meningoencephalomyelitis with hypomyelinogenesis. by immunohistochemistry pestivirus ...200919019578
a serologic investigation for peste des petits ruminants infection in sheep, cattle and camels (camelus dromedarius) in aydin province, west anatolia. 201019554466
possible windborne spread to western turkey of bluetongue virus in 1977 and of akabane virus in outbreak of bluetongue in sheep started in the menderes valley, aydin province, western turkey, in october 1977. the severity of the disease indicated that it had not been there before but had been introduced into the area. analysis showed that, while it was possible for the virus to have been brought into the area by movement of infected animals, there was also a period of south-easterly winds which could have carried infected midges from cyprus, where bluetongue was present. during the nigh ...19852862205
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