an entomological investigation of the likely impact of cattle ownership on malaria in an afghan refugee camp in the north west frontier province of pakistan.field trials were undertaken to determine the effect of close proximity of humans to livestock on the human biting rates exhibited by various anophelines. the results indicate that proximity to cattle and to goats increases the subject's chances of being bitten by anophelines. man-biting by anopheles stephensi rose by 38% (8-68% ci) in the presence of a cow, and by 50% (16-84% ci) in the presence of two goats. other species exhibited similar trends. these findings explain the results of an earli ...19948025324
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