the epidemiology of peste des petits ruminants in pakistan and possible control policies.peste des petits ruminants made its first clinical appearance in pakistan during an epidemic in punjab province in 1991, but its level of activity in subsequent years was never systematically recorded. in 2003, 2004 and 2005 teams trained in participatory disease surveillance methods visited a large number of villages throughout pakistan to record the prevalence and impact of key livestock diseases. peste des petits ruminants has emerged from their study as a common and economically damaging dis ...200819284054
production performance of dera din panah goat under desert range conditions in pakistan.effects of fodder availability and prolificacy on birth weight, weaning weight, weight at 6 and 9 months age, and pre- and post-weaning growth rates of dera din panah goat were determined. a total of 350 records of dera din panah (ddp) goats maintained at sheep and goat development centre, rakh khairewala, district layyah, punjab, pakistan were analyzed using harvey's mixed model least squares and maximum likelihood computer program. fodder availability significantly affected (p < 0.05) the birt ...200919319657
a study on the determination of risk factors associated with babesiosis and prevalence of babesia sp., by pcr amplification, in small ruminants from southern punjab (pakistan).babesiosis is a parasitic infection due to the multiplication of tick borne parasite, babesia sp., in erythrocytes of host, which includes a wide variety of vertebrates including small ruminants causing decreased livestock output and hence economic losses. the objective of the present study was to establish a pcr based method for the detection of babesia sp. in small ruminant population in southern punjab and to determine the risk factors involve in the spread of babesiosis. a total of 107 blood ...201121894263
prevalence of neospora caninum antibodies in sheep and goats in pakistan.abstract the purpose of the present study was to obtain seroepidemiological information on the neospora caninum infection status of sheep and goats in different areas of punjab province and azad kashmir (pakistan). a cross-sectional study, using a competitive elisa showed an overall 27.7% (35 of 128) (95% ci ? 7.7%) and 8.6% (13 of 142)(95% ci ? 4.6%) seroprevalence of n. caninum antibodies in sheep and goats, respectively. the difference in seroprevalence between sheep and goat populations wa ...201121854220
prevalence, associated determinants, and in vivo chemotherapeutic control of hard ticks (acari: ixodidae) infesting domestic goats (capra hircus) of lower punjab, pakistan.a total of 800 goats of various breeds, age, and sex were randomly selected from muzaffargarh (m. garh) and layyah districts of lower punjab, pakistan. the selected goats were visited twice a month to collect information about determinants influencing goat tick infestation prevalence. for acaricidal efficacy, 360 tick-infested adult goats were subjected to an acaricidal treatment and post-treatment quantitative assessment of tick burden. quantification of adult tick detachment 24 h post-treatmen ...201020924608
gastrointestinal helminthiasis: prevalence and associated determinants in domestic ruminants of district toba tek singh, punjab, pakistan.the objective of the present study was to determine the prevalence and associated determinants (e.g., sex, age, on-farm management and husbandry) of gastrointestinal (gi) helminths in the domestic animals of district toba tek singh, punjab, pakistan. for this purpose, 1,140 cattle, 1,140 buffaloes, 660 goats, 840 sheep, and 156 camels were randomly selected and their fecal samples were screened every other week for a year using a modified floatation technique. the samples positive for strongyle- ...201020532913
morphological and molecular characterisation of echinococcus granulosus in livestock and humans in punjab, pakistan.cystic echinococcus poses an important economic and public health problem to pakistan. our study determined the prevalence and genotypes of echinococcus present in domestic livestock and humans in punjab, pakistan. out of 39,738 animals examined, 6.67% of animals were found infected. the prevalence and fertility of hydatid cysts was highest in camels (prevalence 17.29%; proportion fertile 95%), followed by sheep (prevalence 7.52%; proportion fertile 86.4%), buffalo (prevalence 7.19%; proportion ...201020233639
percentage of reactor animals to single comparative cervical intradermal tuberculin (sccit) in small ruminants in punjab investigate the percentage reactor animals to sccit in sheep and goat the present study was carried out by using bovine and avian ppds at 7 livestock experiment stations of punjab and villages around two cities. the overall percentage of reactor animals to sccit at farms in sheep and goat was 0.9% and 2.4%, while it was 0.4% and 0.0% around two cities, respectively. hundred percent of goat and 86% of sheep farms under study had positive reactor animals. the reactor animals to sccit around two ...201019732736
quantitative structure activity relationship and risk analysis of some heavy metal residues in the milk of cattle and goat.milk of cattle and goat was collected from various localities of faisalabad, pakistan. heavy metal concentration in milk was determined by atomic absorption spectrophotometer. milk from both of the species was found richly contaminated with cadmium (cd), chromium (cr), nickel (ni), and lead (pb). lead concentration in the milk of goat was significantly higher as compared to cattle milk. quantitative structure activity relationship (qsar) models were suggested to predict the residues of unknown h ...200919482911
seroprevalence of toxoplasma gondii in sheep and goats in rahim yar khan (punjab), pakistan.toxoplasmosis, an infection caused by toxoplasma (t.) gondii apicomplexa protozoan, is widespread in humans and other animal species, having already been reported in many countries and different climates. in pakistan, no data is available on this aspect among food animals. this study was undertaken to determine the seroprevalence of t. gondii infection in sheep and goats. a total of 200 serum samples from sheep and goats, were collected from urban area of rahim yar khan (punjab), pakistan and te ...200919225903
peste des petits ruminants virus (pprv) infection; its association with species, seasonal variations and geography.the present investigation included a detailed description of the factors directly associated with pprv infection in pakistan. a total of 1,056 suspected serum samples were analyzed for the presence of antibodies to pprv with no history of vaccination against ppr. the samples were collected from sixty two (62) suspected outbreaks from twenty five (25) major regions of the country. samples were collected from the animals suffering from diarrhea and showing severe respiratory signs. competitive enz ...200919130284
post-vaccination antibodies profile against peste des petits ruminants (ppr) virus in sheep and goats of punjab, pakistan.a total of 70 sheep and 330 goats were selected randomly. all the animals were kept under same housing and management conditions. serum samples were collected from all the animals and tested for the presence of antibodies against peste des petits ruminants (ppr) virus using competitive elisa (celisa). all the animals were found negative showing percentage inhibition (pi) values <50. the animals were vaccinated against ppr with nig/75/1 strain vaccine of ppr serum samples were collected from rand ...200918758987
prevalence of multiple anthelmintic resistant gastrointestinal nematodes in dairy goats in a desolated tract (pakistan).this paper presents the first report of anthelmintic resistance (ar) in dairy goats in a desert (pakistan). three breeds of dairy goats, i.e. dera din panah, pak angora and beetal, kept at government livestock farm, rakh khairewala, district jhang/layya, pakistan, were surveyed for gastrointestinal nematodes (gins) resistant to commonly used three anthelmintics, i.e. benzimidazole, levamisole and ivermectin. sixty animals of each breed were selected randomly on the basis of their weight and egg ...200818301923
point prevalence of gastrointestinal helminthiasis in ruminants in southern punjab, pakistan.the present study was carried out to determine the prevalence of gastrointestinal helminthiasis in ruminants in an irrigated area of lower punjab (pakistan). for this purpose, 100 faecal samples were collected from sheep, goats, cattle and buffaloes. parasitological procedures including direct and indirect methods (sedimentation and floatation) and coproculture were used for the identification of helminths. the overall prevalence of helminthiasis was 51% in cattle, 47% in buffaloes, 62% in sheep ...200717711599
seasonal variation in selenium status of different classes of grazing goats in a semi-arid region of pakistan.the selenium status of three different classes of goats ((i) female lactating, (ii) female non-lactating, and (iii) male goats) grazing semi-arid pasture in the southern part of the punjab province, pakistan and that of selenium concentration of soil and dietary sources, ingested by those animals were investigated during two different seasons of the year (winter and summer). soil, forage, feed, water from the pasture and blood plasma, urine, faeces, and (if applicable) milk from these goats were ...200516425632
west nile virus in pakistan. ii. entomological studies at changa manga national forest, punjab province. 19826134361
detection and phylogenetic analysis of peste des petits ruminants virus isolated from outbreaks in punjab, pakistan.peste des petits ruminants (ppr) is an important viral disease of small ruminants and is endemic in pakistan. in the following study, samples from two outbreaks of ppr in goats have been subjected to laboratory investigations. the peste des petits ruminants virus (pprv) genome was detected using both conventional and real-time pcr. genetic characterization of the local pprv field isolates was conducted by sequencing 322 bp of the fusion (f) gene and 255 bp of the nucleoprotein (n) gene. the phyl ...201121777402
ethnomedicinal and cultural practices of mammals and birds in the vicinity of river chenab, punjab-pakistan.although, use of animal species in disease treatment and culture practices is as ancient as that of plant species; however ethnomedicinal uses and cultural values of animal species have rarely been reported. present study is the first report on the medicinal uses of mammals and bird species in pakistan.201728701165
screening of peste des petits ruminants virus in a population of district khairpur, pakistan.goats are the pakistan's fastest growing ruminants, and pakistan is the third largest goat producer in the world after india and china. goat meat preference is the main reason for its increased demand. in the country, there are 25 goat breeds and two wild relatives such as mark and goats. at present, pakistan has 53.8 million goats, according to the 2006 gop report, and their population growth rate was more than 3% per year (37, 23, 22, and 18% of the goat population in punjab, sindh, balochista ...201728973722
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