[rift valley fever, a veterinary and medical problem (author's transl)].rift valley fever probably occurred in east and south africa for many years, where it occasionally caused sever epizootics among sheep and to a less extent in cattle and goats. particularly newborn animals fall victims to the disease, whereas the majority of pregnant ewes and cows abort. in recent years, the disease spread to the sudan and reached the nile delta in 1977, where it not only caused an epizootic but also an epidemic among the population, resulting in approximately 18,000 cases and n ...1979494210
leptospirosis in the melut district--upper nile province (south sudan)--an overview.the authors examined 195 domestic animals for leptospirosis serologically in sudan (170 cattle, 7 sheep and 18 goats) and 771 wild animals (36 species) with 13 serovars from 13 serogroups. 54% of domestic animals namely, 108 cattle and 1 sheep were positive in titer levels of 1:400 and higher. cattle sera with the serovars of the serogroup icterohaemorrhagiae were 2.4% positive with cynopteri 2.4%, autumnalis 3.5%, australis 1.2%, pomona 2.9%, grippotyphosa 2.9%, hebdonadis 17.1%, bataviae 9.4% ...19892599388
results of serological examination for leptospirosis of domestic and wild animals in the upper nile province (sudan).195 domestic and 766 wild animals were serologically examined for leptospirosis. cattle was found to be positive at titres 1 greater than or equal to 400 in 63.5%, namely 50.6% for tarassovi, 17.1% for sejroe-hebdomadis, 9.4% for bataviae, 1.2-3.5% for icterohaemorrhagiae, cynopteri, autumnalis, australis, pomona and grippotyphosa. sera from 35 animals reacted with the serovars from two or more serogroups. of 7 sheep 1 was positive for pomona and 18 goats proved to be negative. 10.2% of wild mam ...19892809189
brucellosis in the upper nile region--melut district, sudan (report).in the melut district, south sudan human and animal blood samples were investigated for brucella abortus and brucella melitensis. 9.2% of the investigated cattle and 16.2% of the green long-tailed monkies were brucella abortus-positive. school children revealed a 3.7% positivity rate, melut's hospital patients 5.2% and village children and adults 2.2%. however, only a small number of hospital patients was investigated. a small percentage of sheep and goats was investigated for brucella melitensi ...19883275090
ticks (acari:ixodidae) of the blue and white nile ecosystems in the sudan with particular reference to the rhipicephalus sanguineus group.twenty-four adult ixodid tick species, infesting livestock and some wildlife hosts along the blue and white nile in the sudan, were identified. three species, boophilus geigyi, rhipicephalus camicasi and r. bergeoni, were recorded for the first time from the sudan. tick numbers on indigenous breeds of cattle (bos indicus) were relatively low, ranging between 17.1 and 40.5 per animal. young cattle grazing with the herd carried significantly fewer ticks than older animals. with the exception of b. ...19873331134
incidence of q fever among cattle, sheep and goats in the upper nile province in southern sudan. 19883369066
domestic and wild animals naturally infected with schistosoma mansoni in the gezira irrigated scheme, sudan.domestic and wild animals were examined for natural infection with human schistosomiasis in northern gezira, sudan. postmortem examination of animals in a number of slaughterhouses revealed no infections in either sheep or goats but schistosoma mansoni worms were found in two of the 98 cattle examined. nile rats (arvicanthus niloticus) were trapped and stray dogs were shot and examined for evidence of schistosome infection. the infection rate in nile rats was 4.9% (8/164) and in dogs 27.3% (15/5 ...19854032533
preliminary survey of domestic animals of the sudan for precipitating antibodies to rift valley fever a preliminary seroepidemiological survey a total of 780 serum samples derived from various domestic animals of the sudan were examined for rift valley fever (rvf) virus precipitating antibodies. the incidence was approximately 34.3% in sheep, 33.2% in cattle, 22% in goats, 7.9% in camels and 4% in donkeys. the findings indicated that rvf is mainly prevalent in the rich savanna areas of the south as well as the irrigated areas close to the nile in the north. circumstantial evidence suggests th ...19846512261
isolation and transmission of cowdria ruminantium (causal agent of heartwater disease) in blue nile province, sudan.heartwater was diagnosed in sheep at the umm banein livestock research station, blue nile province, sudan. cowdria ruminantium was isolated from sheep by subinoculation of blood into a goat. adult amblyomma lepidum ticks fed as nymphs on this goat transmitted heartwater to a friesian (bos taurus) calf. brain stabilates from this calf, either snap-frozen into liquid nitrogen or frozen slowly in a deepfreezer at -70 degrees c, with dmso as cryoprotectant, were infective to cattle when inoculated s ...19846740919
practices and beliefs of the traditional dinka healer in relation to provision of modern medical and veterinary services for the southern class of traditional dinka healers is a practical surgeon-bonesetter-obstetrician who practices (all but obstetrics) on both people and animals. his anatomical, physiological, and pathological knowledge and surmises, derived almost entirely from observations on cattle, are in some respects remarkable, especially those on the function of the kidney and nature of the circulatory system. he shares with ancient egyptian healers the belief that sperm originate in the spinal cord and brain and per ...198110252763
detection of antibodies to leishmania donovani in animals in a kala-azar endemic region in eastern sudan: a preliminary report.the prevalence of antibodies against leishmania donovani in selected domestic and wild animal species in 2 villages in sudan with active l. donovani transmission in humans was investigated. screening of domestic animals (donkeys, cows, sheep, goats, camels and dogs) with the direct agglutination test (dat) detected reaction rates above the cut-off titres in donkeys (68.7%), cows (21.4%) and goats (8.5%), and which were also found in wild rats (5.5%). sera of sheep, camels and dogs had a weak agg ...200010748894
real lives 2: sudan.the great sudan famine of the mid-1980s caused social dislocation and political chaos which ultimately toppled the long-time military leader. hundreds of thousands of farmers and pastoralists were displaced, driven from the western provinces into urban feeding stations and squatter settlements. camps at abu zayd and mwellih near umdurman filled with over 100,000 refugees in a matter of months, while camps at ed debba on the nile river's nubian reach filled with tribesmen desperate to sell shee ...199412319114
current situation of peste des petits ruminants (ppr) in the sudan.the current situation of ppr in sudan was investigated. a total of 61 tissue samples were collected from various ppr suspected outbreaks in sheep in sudan during 2008. collected tissue samples were tested for ppr antigen using icelisa, ppr antigen was detected in 26 out of 61 samples (42.6%). highest antigen detection rate was in specimens collected from western sudan. a total of 1198 serum samples were collected from sheep (n = 500), camels (n = 392), and goats (n = 306) from different areas in ...201019548103
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