[clinical use of sodium hypochlorite for local treatment and prevention of urinary tract infections and therapy of contracted bladders (author's transl)].a stable commercial electrolytic sodium hypochlorite solution was tested in 63 urologic patients. the complete germicidal action against all sorts of bacteria was shown in suspension-tests. irrigation studies of the infected bladder were performed. it was found that continued bladder irrigations were necessary to stop bacterial ascension from the infected urethra. bladder capacity was increased in 6 of 8 patients with nonmalignant contracted bladder or interstitial cystitis. desinfection with so ...1976176760
pathogenesis of escherichia coli cystitis and pyelonephritis: apparent lack of significance of bacterial motility and chemotaxis towards human urine.all 45 microscopically motile urinary isolates tested here (37 escherichia coli, two enterobacter cloacae, two citrobacter freundii, three proteus mirabilis and one proteus morganii) were strongly attracted to fresh human urine in a capillary chemotaxis assay. this observation suggested that urine taxis of gram-negative bacteria promotes their invasion of the human lower urinary tract and their ascension to the kidney(s). however, the incidence of motile isolates and their activity in urine taxi ...19853886554
[antibiotic prophylaxis in intensive care].of 611 prospectively studied patients in a surgical intensive care unit, 177 developed hospital infections (29%): urinary tract infections (37.2%), pneumonia (22.5%), sepsis (19.7%), wound infections (9.6%), etc. the commonest pathogens were pseud. aeruginosa, e. coli, staph. aureus, enterococci, klebsiella pneumoniae and proteus mirabilis. in preventing and combating hospital infections in intensive care units, priority should be given not to antibiotics but to hygiene in the hospital. systemic ...1978721586
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