impact of climate change and man-made irrigation systems on the transmission risk, long-term trend and seasonality of human and animal fascioliasis in pakistan.large areas of the province of punjab, pakistan are endemic for fascioliasis, resulting in high economic losses due to livestock infection but also affecting humans directly. the prevalence in livestock varies pronouncedly in space and time (1-70%). climatic factors influencing fascioliasis presence and potential spread were analysed based on data from five meteorological stations during 1990-2010. variables such as wet days (mt), water-budget-based system (wb-bs) indices and the normalized diff ...201424893010
phenotypes of intermediate forms of fasciola hepatica and f. gigantica in buffaloes from central punjab, pakistan.fascioliasis is an important food-borne parasitic disease caused by the two trematode species, fasciola hepatica and fasciola gigantica. the phenotypic features of fasciolid adults and eggs infecting buffaloes inhabiting the central punjab area, pakistan, have been studied to characterize fasciolid populations involved. morphometric analyses were made with a computer image analysis system (cias) applied on the basis of standardized measurements. since it is the first study of this kind undertake ...201423731975
molecular evidence shows that the liver fluke fasciola gigantica is the predominant fasciola species in ruminants from pakistan.fascioliasis is an important disease affecting livestock, with great costs to producers worldwide. it has also become a serious issue for human populations in some endemic areas as an emerging zoonotic infection. there are two fasciola species of liver fluke responsible for this disease, which occur worldwide, fasciola hepatica and fasciola gigantica. identifying these two species on the basis of adult or egg morphology requires specialist knowledge due to the similarity of characters, and may m ...201625758445
prevalence, economic analysis and chemotherapeutic control of small ruminant fasciolosis in the sargodha district of punjab, pakistan.this study describes the epidemiology, the economic significance of small ruminant fasciolosis in animals slaughtered in the abattoirs of the sargodha district, punjab, pakistan between january and june 2012. in vivo fasciolicidal efficacy of commercially available compounds was examined using a randomised complete block design. microscopically screened faecal samples revealed 40.51% positive animals for fasciolosis. the prevalent species included fasciola hepatica (35.64%) and fasciola gigantic ...201728365925
point prevalence of bovine fascioliasis and the influence of chemotherapy on the milk yield in a lactating bovine population from the district of toba tek singh, pakistan.this paper provides an estimation of the point prevalence of fascioliasis and its economic impact in terms of increased milk yield after chemotherapy of a bovine population from the district of toba tek singh, punjab, pakistan. a total of 2400 cattle and buffaloes were examined quantitatively using the mcmaster egg-counting technique. infected cattle and buffaloes (50 of each) were randomly selected and each divided into two groups of 25 animals. groups a (buffaloes) and c (cattle) were treated ...201021062526
gastrointestinal helminthiasis: prevalence and associated determinants in domestic ruminants of district toba tek singh, punjab, pakistan.the objective of the present study was to determine the prevalence and associated determinants (e.g., sex, age, on-farm management and husbandry) of gastrointestinal (gi) helminths in the domestic animals of district toba tek singh, punjab, pakistan. for this purpose, 1,140 cattle, 1,140 buffaloes, 660 goats, 840 sheep, and 156 camels were randomly selected and their fecal samples were screened every other week for a year using a modified floatation technique. the samples positive for strongyle- ...201020532913
epidemiological survey of helminths of goats in southern punjab, pakistan.the main purpose of this study was to investigate the prevalence of helminths of goats such as fasciola hepatica, haemonchus contortus, paramphistomum cervi, oesophagostomum columbian, cotylophoron cotylophorum, monezia expansa, oestertagia oestertagi and oestertagia circumcincta. the overall prevalence of all species of helminthes was 52% in goat. the study was designed to investigate the factors of helminths prevalence on the basis of sex and age of goat with the help of chi-square. all the re ...201323665709
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