novel potential reservoirs for borrelia sp. and the agent of human granulocytic ehrlichiosis in colorado.previous work demonstrated that ixodes spinipalpis ticks maintained an enzootic cycle of borrelia bissettii and the agent of human granulocytic ehrlichiosis (aohge) within woodrats (neotoma mexicana) and deer mice (peromyscus maniculatus) in northern colorado (usa). because i. spinipalpis is the only known vector of b. bissettii and aohge in colorado, this study was designed to determine the reservoir status of other hosts of i. spinipalpis in five distinct ecological zones along the front range ...200212038153
use of a sentinel host system to study the questing behavior of ixodes spinipalpis and its role in the transmission of borrelia bissettii, human granulocytic ehrlichiosis, and babesia microti.ixodes spinipalpis maintains borrelia bissettii spirochetes in colorado in a cycle involving wood rats and deer mice. this tick has been described as nidicolous, remaining either attached to its rodent hosts or in the rodent nest. nidicolous ticks pose little risk of pathogen transmission to humans if they do not actively quest for hosts. to investigate the questing potential of i. spinipalpis, sentinel mice were placed in an area where i. spinipalpis had been commonly found on wood rats and dee ...200111693872
transmission of the agent of human granulocytic ehrlichiosis by ixodes spinipalpis ticks: evidence of an enzootic cycle of dual infection with borrelia burgdorferi in northern colorado.previous work described an enzootic cycle of borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato (hereafter referred to as b. burgdorferi) maintained by the rodent neotoma mexicana and the tick ixodes spinipalpis in northern colorado. we investigated the incidence of coinfection among rodents with the agent of human granulocytic ehrlichiosis (aohge). aohge was detected in 23.5% of 119 rodent spleens examined. biopsy results indicated that 78 (65.5%) of the 119 rodents were positive for b. burgdorferi, whereas 22 (7 ...200010915099
serologic evidence of infection with ehrlichia spp. in wild rodents (muridae: sigmodontinae) in the united states.rodent (muridae: sigmodontinae) blood and sera collected from 14 states were tested for seroreactivity to a cultured isolate of the human granulocytic ehrlichiosis (hge) agent by using an indirect immunofluorescence assay. of the 1,240 samples tested, 136 (11%) were found to be reactive at titers of > or = 32. rodents with hge agent-specific antibodies were found in new york (23% of 491 samples; geometric mean endpoint titer [gmt] = 441), connecticut (11% of 100 samples; gmt = 481), california ( ...19989508298
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