clinical evaluation of fleroxacin in the treatment of bone and joint infections.the objective of this open label, non-comparative study was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of fleroxacin 400mg administered orally once daily to patients with acute osteomyelitis and/or acute septic arthritis. nineteen patients (10 males and 9 females) were evaluable for the analysis of clinical efficacy and safety. of these, 7 (36.8%) had osteomyelitis and 12 (63.2%) had septic arthritis. bacteriological cures were reported in 6 of 7 patients (85.7%) with osteomyelitis and in 8 of 11 patie ...19921488710
a large outbreak of salmonellosis associated with sandwiches contaminated with multiple bacterial pathogens purchased via an online shopping sold over the internet is an emerging business that also presents a concern with regard to food safety. a nationwide foodborne disease outbreak associated with sandwiches purchased from an online shop in july 2010 is reported. consumers were telephone interviewed with a structured questionnaire and specimens were collected for etiological examination. a total of 886 consumers were successfully contacted and completed the questionnaires; 36.6% had become ill, with a median incubation period ...201424313786
multidrug-resistant salmonella enterica serovar panama carrying class 1 integrons is invasive in taiwanese increase in group d salmonella isolates with high antimicrobial resistant rates is being seen in taiwan. this study aimed to determine the multidrug-resistant (mdr, more than three antibiotics) phenotype, genotype, and the correlation between the presence of class 1 integrons and its invasiveness of salmonella panama and salmonella enteritidis isolated from children.201223660223
a pulsed field gel electrophoresis (pfge) study that suggests a major world-wide clone of salmonella enterica serovar enteritidis.since human infections by salmonella enterica serovar enteritidis (salmonella enteritidis) have been increasing world-wide over the past years and epidemiological studies have implicated the consumption of meat, poultry, eggs and egg products, elucidation of the predominant subtypes for this salmonella spp. is important. in this study, 107 poultry and food isolates of salmonella enteritidis obtained from germany were analyzed by pulsed field gel electrophoresis (pfge), and the subtypes were comp ...200717379345
prevalence and antimicrobial susceptibility of serogroup d nontyphoidal salmonella in a university hospital in taiwan.the incidence of serogroup d salmonella has been increasing in taiwan. most of these isolates belonged to salmonella enterica serovar enteritidis and showed a relatively higher rate of resistance to sulfamethoxazole-trimethoprim than to other antimicrobial agents. the results of molecular experiments indicated that genes responsible for the resistance were located on plasmids. the resistance may occur via horizontal gene transfer. furthermore, the first identification of ciprofloxacin and ceftri ...200414715794
emergence of klebsiella pneumoniae isolates producing inducible dha-1 beta-lactamase in a university hospital in taiwan.ten nonrepetitive clinical isolates of klebsiella pneumoniae exhibiting an unusual inducible beta-lactam resistance phenotype were identified between january 1999 and september 2001 in a university hospital in taiwan. in the presence of 2 micro g of clavulanic acid, the isolates showed a one to four twofold concentration increase in the mics of ceftazidime, cefotaxime, and aztreonam but remained susceptible to cefepime (mics, </=0.5 micro g/ml) and imipenem (mics, </=0.5 micro g/ml). pcr, sequen ...200212202541
capd-related peritonitis due to salmonella enteritidis in a patient with sle.patients with systemic lupus erythematosus are prone to various infections, often associated with high mortality. salmonella species are a rare cause of continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (capd) peritonitis, but patients with lupus are susceptible to infection caused by salmonella species. a 47-year-old woman who had systemic lupus erythematosus with end-stage renal disease and was undergoing capd presented with fever, watery diarrhea, abdominal pain, and turbid dialysate effluent. the ef ...200516112034
emergence of qnr determinants in human salmonella isolates in taiwan.the aim of this study was to determine the prevalence and characteristics of qnr-carrying salmonella isolates from humans in southern taiwan.200818957397
molecular and epidemiologic analysis of a county-wide outbreak caused by salmonella enterica subsp. enterica serovar enteritidis traced to a increase in the number of attendees due to acute gastroenteritis and fever was noted at one hospital emergency room in taiwan over a seven-day period from july to august, 2001. molecular and epidemiological surveys were performed to trace the possible source of infection.200415541186
outbreak of salmonella enteritidis b in a family in southern taiwan.this study describes a salmonella outbreak in a 9-member family in southern taiwan, and emphasizes the risk of salmonella infection in extreme age.200920422139
septic arthritis in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus: salmonella and nonsalmonella infections assess the clinical characteristics and outcome of systemic lupus erythematosus (sle) with septic arthritis.200616887469
factors affecting the survival of pathogenic bacteria in subtropical river water.the present study was carried out to determine the factors causing the disappearance of introduced salmonella enteritidis, staphylococcus aureus, and vibrio cholerae in natural river water. when large numbers of the above organisms (final level 10(7)-10(8) cfu per ml) were added to river water, the decline of their numbers coincided with increasing numbers of protozoa. furthermore, their survival was improved dramatically if the river water was amended with a eucaryote inhibitor. after comparing ...19883058406
different clinical presentation of community-onset bacteremia among human immunodeficiency virus-infected and human immunodeficiency virus-uninfected adults in the ed.the objective of this study is to analyze the differences in clinical presentation and outcome of community-onset bacteremia between human immunodeficiency virus (hiv)-infected adults and hiv-uninfected adults visiting the emergency department (ed).201425171801
nontyphoid salmonellosis in taiwan children: clinical manifestations, outcome and antibiotic resistance.the purposes of this study were to investigate the epidemiologic, clinical, and microbiologic features of patients with nontyphoid salmonellosis and to elucidate the impact of resistance on the outcome of nontyphoid salmonellosis in taiwan. the authors also sought to develop a severity score to derive an objective guideline for antibiotic use in nontyphoid salmonellosis in the era of increasing antibiotic resistance.200415097441
molecular epidemiology of salmonella enterica serovar enteritidis isolated in taiwan.incidence of salmonella enterica serovar enteritidis infection seems to be on the rise in taiwan, and therefore, the characteristics of the isolate, including genotypes, were epidemiologically investigated. of the 71 clinical strains isolated in 1997-1999, 61 (86%) remained susceptible to the eight antibiotics tested, while the remaining ten, eight of which were isolated in 1999, were resistant to one to three of the agents including three multiply resistant strains. the majority, 69 or 97% of t ...200212597357
chinese patients with defective il-12/23-interferon-gamma circuit in taiwan: partial dominant interferon-gamma receptor 1 mutation presenting as cutaneous granuloma and il-12 receptor beta1 mutation as circuit enhances reactive oxygen species (ros) synthesis in macrophage to attack intracellular pathogens such as mycobacteria and salmonella. defective ros in patients with chronic granulomatous disease (cgd) have increased susceptibility to these pathogens. however, patients with defective il-12/23-interferon-gamma circuit rather than cgd are not recognized in taiwan, endemic for tuberculosis and salmonella.200918972195
[epidemiology and clinical evaluation of salmonella enteritis].there was a local epidemic of salmonella enteritis in southern part of taiwan during the summer of 1989. from july through september 1989, a total 162 cases of enteritis were analysed in chang gung memorial hospital, kaohsiung. among them, 46 cases were proved to be salmonella enteritis by stool and/or blood culture. the identified flora group mainly group b (salmonella typhimurium, 87%), group c (salmonella choleraesuis, 6.5%) and group d (salmonella enteritidis, 6.5%). the drug resistance of s ...19902282566
analysis of salmonella enteritidis strains isolated from food-poisoning cases in taiwan by pulsed field gel electrophoresis, plasmid profile and phage establish the molecular typing data for salmonella enteritidis due to its increasing role in salmonella infections in taiwan.200111442716
pulsed-field gel electrophoresis, plasmid profiles and phage types for the human isolates of salmonella enterica serovar enteritidis obtained over 13 years in taiwan.plasmid profile, phage typing, and pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (pfge) patterns of 124 salmonella enteritidis strains isolated in 1998-2002 in taiwan were analysed and the results were compared with those of the 63 strains obtained in 1991-1997, so that molecular subtypes and epidemic strains for salmonella enteritidis over a 13-year period (1991-2002) could be elucidated.200516313420
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