the role of wild ruminants as reservoirs of besnoitia besnoiti infection in cattle.bovine besnoitiosis, a parasitic disease caused by besnoitia besnoiti, has been reported mainly in beef cattle raised under extensive pastoral systems and is considered to be re-emerging in western europe. horizontal transmission probably occurs either by means of blood sucking arthropods or as a consequence of direct contact between infected and non-infected cattle. however, the role that wild ruminants (e.g., red deer (cervus elaphus) and roe deer (capreolus capreolus)) may play in the parasit ...201627198769
pedigree information reveals moderate to high levels of inbreeding and a weak population structure in the endangered catalonian donkey breed.the catalonian donkey is one of the most endangered donkey breeds in the world. at present, five main subpopulations exist: afrac, which consists of many genetically connected catalonian localities; berga, which consists of a single herd located also in catalunya but under private management; and three minor non-catalonian subpopulations (huesca, sevilla and toledo). in this study, we analysed the pedigree information of the catalonian donkey herdbook to assess the genetic diversity and populati ...200516274421
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