human and bovine viruses and bacteria at three great lakes beaches: environmental variable associations and health risk.waterborne pathogens were measured at three beaches in lake michigan, environmental factors for predicting pathogen concentrations were identified, and the risk of swimmer infection and illness was estimated. waterborne pathogens were detected in 96% of samples collected at three lake michigan beaches in summer, 2010. samples were quantified for 22 pathogens in four microbial categories (human viruses, bovine viruses, protozoa, and pathogenic bacteria). all beaches had detections of human and bo ...201626720156
bacterial pathogen gene abundance and relation to recreational water quality at seven great lakes beaches.quantitative assessment of bacterial pathogens, their geographic variability, and distribution in various matrices at great lakes beaches are limited. quantitative pcr (qpcr) was used to test for genes from e. coli o157:h7 (eaeo157), shiga-toxin producing e. coli (stx2), campylobacter jejuni (mapa), shigella spp. (ipah), and a salmonella enterica-specific (se) dna sequence at seven great lakes beaches, in algae, water, and sediment. overall, detection frequencies were mapa>stx2>ipah>se>eaeo157. ...201425423586
a comparison of campylobacter jejuni enteritis incidence rates in high- and low-poultry-density counties: michigan compare the incidence of campylobacter jejuni enteritis in high- and low-poultry-density counties in michigan between the years 1992 and 1999, an ecological study was conducted in the state of michigan. a log-linear model was used to compare yearly, seasonal, age, and gender-specific incidence rates between county groupings. counties with a high poultry density had a higher overall incidence of c. jejuni enteritis, particularly among children and young adults, compared with counties with low ...200212737543
risk factors for sporadic campylobacter jejuni infections in rural michigan: a prospective case-control study.this case-control study investigated risk factors for campylobacteriosis in a rural population. exposure to live farm animals was hypothesized to increase the risk for campylobacter jejuni enteritis.200314652344
a descriptive study of guillain-barré syndrome in high and low campylobacter jejuni incidence regions of michigan: 1992-1999.the incidence rate of guillain-barré syndrome (gbs) was compared between high and low campylobacter jejuni incidence counties in michigan, usa, between 1992 and 1999. data on gbs was obtained from cases reported to the michigan department of community health. poisson confidence intervals were used to compare incidence rates. there was no significant difference in the overall rate between high and low c. jejuni incidence regions in michigan. though no differences in age-specific, gender-specific, ...200312792145
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