isolation of coxiella burnetii from rodents in western montana. 196314016948
q fever studies in montana. detection of asymptomatic infection among residents of infected dairy premises. 196514294419
the serologic prevalence of q fever (coxiella burnetii) complement-fixing antibodies in the peninsular bighorn sheep of southern california.q fever is a rare illness in the southern california desert. during the past 34 years only 6 patients have been diagnosed with the disease at the eisenhower medical center, a referral center for much of the desert and surrounding mountains. in all but 2 instances, q fever was identified in patients who have been in contact with imported domestic sheep who are brought to the desert to graze and lamb in the fall and winter. the sheep are sent back to idaho, wyoming, and montana in the spring. with ...200616896140
Notes from the field: Q fever outbreak associated with goat farms--Washington and Montana, 2011.On April 22, 2011, the Q fever bacterium Coxiella burnetii was detected in a goat placenta collected from a farm in Washington, where 14 of 50 (28%) pregnant does had aborted since January. A county health alert advised health-care providers to ask patients with symptoms compatible with Q fever (e.g., fever, headache, chills, and myalgia) about exposure to goats, and the owners of the farm informed purchasers of their goats that C. burnetii had been detected in their herd. On May 25, the county ...201121993345
coxiella burnetii serology assays in goat abortion storm.many commercial antibody detection enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (elisa) kits for q fever utilize the nine mile (montana tick) strain of coxiella burnetii as antigen. an elisa kit manufactured in france employs ovine placenta-sourced antigen and has been used in europe. sera from goats experiencing a q fever abortion storm in the united states were used to compare the sensitivity and specificity of these 2 elisa formats and the q fever complement fixation test (cft). latent class estimates o ...201424532695
first reported multistate human q fever outbreak in the united states, april, 2011, the q fever bacterium coxiella burnetii was identified at a washington farm where an abortion storm took place among goats. soon after, q fever cases were reported among visitors to the farm from washington and montana. a cross-sectional investigation was conducted among humans and goats associated with the index farm or with 16 other farms that purchased goats from the index farm or housed goats at the index farm for breeding purposes. questionnaire data were analyzed, along wit ...201424350648
presence and persistence of coxiella burnetii in the environments of goat farms associated with a q fever outbreak.q fever is a zoonotic disease caused by inhalation of the bacterium coxiella burnetii. ruminant livestock are common reservoirs for c. burnetii, and bacteria present in aerosols derived from the waste of infected animals can infect humans. the significance of infection from material deposited in the environment versus transmission directly from infected animals is not known. in 2011, an outbreak of q fever cases on farms in washington and montana was associated with infected goats. a study was u ...201323315737
clinician assessment for coxiella burnetii infection in hospitalized patients with potentially compatible illnesses during q fever outbreaks and following a health alert, montana, 2011.coxiella burnetii is an endemic bacterial pathogen in the united states and the causative agent of q fever. two outbreaks of q fever occurred in montana during 2011, which led to the issuance of a health alert urging clinicians to test patients with q fever-compatible illnesses for c. burnetii infection.201323289392
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