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impact of climate on western equine encephalitis in manitoba, minnesota and north dakota, 1980-1983.information was collected on confirmed outbreaks of western equine encephalitis (wee) in north america east of the rockies for 1981 and 1983 (epidemic years) and 1980 and 1982 (non-epidemic years). the initial pattern of outbreaks in manitoba, minnesota and north dakota was determined for each year. backward (and in some instances forward) wind trajectories were computed for each day 4-15 days (incubation period) before the initial outbreaks of wee in a given area of province or state. during th ...19882905669
prevalence of equine onchocerciasis in southeastern and midwestern united states.of 664 horses reported to have originated in southeastern and midwestern united states, 341 (51.4%) were positive for onchocerca cervicalis cutaneous microfilariasis. the highest prevalence of 68.8% was recorded for horses from virginia. horses with the highest concentrations of microfilariae (as high as 19,770 microfilariae/mg in 1 horse) were from the southeast (georgia, florida, tennessee, and alabama). for horses from south carolina, the prevalence of infection was 57.1%; from the midwest (k ...19854008301
weather factors in the prediction of western equine encephalitis epidemics in manitoba.cases of western equine encephalitis in horses in 1987 in western usa and manitoba, canada were examined by backward trajectory analysis of winds. culex tarsalis mosquitoes infected with western equine encephalitis virus could have been carried on southerly winds from texas and oklahoma to northern usa and from there to manitoba. the presence of the polar front over north dakota and minnesota at the end of july would have led to the landing of cx. tarsalis in montana and wisconsin and prevented ...19938405163
west nile virus activity--united states, august 4-10, 2004.during august 4-10, a total of 89 cases of human west nile virus (wnv) illness were reported from 14 states (alabama, arizona, california, florida, illinois, kentucky, louisiana, minnesota, mississippi, missouri, new mexico, north dakota, south dakota, and wyoming).200415306758
west nile virus activity--united states, august 11-17, 2004.during august 11-17, a total of 194 cases of human west nile virus (wnv) illness were reported from 17 states (alabama, arizona, california, colorado, florida, illinois, louisiana, maryland, minnesota, mississippi, missouri, new mexico, ohio, south dakota, texas, utah, and virginia).200415318160
west nile virus activity--united states, august 18-24, 2004.during august 18-24, a total of 154 cases of human west nile virus (wnv) illness were reported from 18 states (alabama, arizona, california, colorado, connecticut, florida, georgia, illinois, kentucky, minnesota, mississippi, missouri, nevada, new mexico, north carolina, south dakota, tennessee, and wisconsin).200415329654
west nile virus activity--united states, august 25-31, 2004.during august 25-31, a total of 210 cases of human west nile virus (wnv) illness were reported from 14 states (arizona, california, florida, illinois, indiana, kansas, maryland, minnesota, montana, nevada, new mexico, north dakota, oklahoma, and pennsylvania).200415343148
west nile virus activity--united states, september 8-14, 2004.during september 8-14, a total of 195 cases of human west nile virus (wnv) illness were reported from 26 states (alabama, arizona, arkansas, california, colorado, florida, georgia, idaho, illinois, iowa, kansas, maryland, minnesota, missouri, nebraska, nevada, new mexico, new york, north dakota, oklahoma, oregon, pennsylvania, south dakota, tennessee, texas, and wisconsin).200415371969
west nile virus activity--united states, september 15-21, 2004.during september 15-21, a total of 218 cases of human west nile virus (wnv) illness were reported from 21 states (arizona, california, florida, illinois, indiana, kansas, maryland, michigan, minnesota, mississippi, missouri, nebraska, nevada, new mexico, north dakota, oklahoma, south dakota, texas, utah, wisconsin, and wyoming).200415385920
west nile virus activity--united states, september 22-28, 2004.during september 22-28, a total of 180 cases of human west nile virus (wnv) illness were reported in the district of columbia (dc) and 24 states (alabama, arizona, california, georgia, illinois, iowa, kansas, kentucky, louisiana, maryland, michigan, minnesota, mississippi, missouri, montana, nebraska, nevada, new mexico, ohio, pennsylvania, texas, utah, wisconsin, and wyoming).200415457147
west nile virus activity--united states, september 29-october 5, 2004.during september 29-october 5, a total of 81 cases of human west nile virus (wnv) illness were reported from 18 states (alabama, arizona, arkansas, california, florida, georgia, illinois, iowa, kansas, kentucky, minnesota, missouri, ohio, oklahoma, pennsylvania, south dakota, texas, and virginia).200415470326
west nile virus activity--united states, october 6-12, 2004.during october 6-12, a total of 86 cases of human west nile virus (wnv) illness were reported from 18 states (arizona, florida, illinois, kansas, louisiana, michigan, minnesota, missouri, nevada, new jersey, new mexico, north dakota, ohio, oklahoma, pennsylvania, tennessee, texas, and utah).200415483530
west nile virus activity--united states, january 1-august 15, 2006.this report summarizes west nile virus (wnv) surveillance data reported to cdc through arbonet as of 3 a.m. mountain daylight time, august 15, 2006. a total of 26 states had reported 388 cases of human wnv illness to cdc. a total of 214 (56%) cases for which such data were available occurred in males; median age of patients was 49 years (range: 2-91 years). dates of illness onset ranged from january 6 to august 10; a total of 13 cases were fatal. a total of 68 presumptive west nile viremic blood ...200616915222
the history of organized medical transport in minneapolis: 1867-1930.when minneapolis officially became a city in 1867, there were no hospitals or ambulance services within its limits. four years later, in 1871, the first hospital in the city, cottage hospital, opened its doors to the public, shifting medical care from the family home to the hospital. the need then developed for organized medical transport. the period between 1880 and 1890 marked the beginning of limited ambulance service in minneapolis. over the next 40 years, many public and private institution ...201020429176
seasonal pasture myopathy in horses in the midwestern united states: 14 cases (1998-2005).to determine clinical signs, diagnostic findings, tissue tremetone concentrations, and clinical outcome or postmortem findings in horses evaluated for acute severe nonexertional rhabdomyolysis initially attributed to white snakeroot toxicosis.200617014363
severe carpometacarpal osteoarthritis in older arabian horses.to report a severe form of carpometacarpal osteoarthritis (cmc-oa) affecting primarily older arabian horses.200312784194
the prevalence of borrelia burgdorfieri (spirochaetales: spirochaetaceae) and the agent of human granulocytic ehrlichiosis (rickettsiaceae: ehrlichieae) in ixodes scapularis (acari:ixodidae) collected during 1998 and 1999 from minnesota.we tested 103 adult ixodes scapularis say from 12 counties in minnesota for the presence of borrelia burgdorferi and the causative agent of human granulocytic ehrlichiosis (hge), using polymerase chain reaction (pcr). a total of 17 ticks (16.5%) was positive for b. burgdoiferi using nested pcr for the flagellin gene. or both pcr for the ospa gene and nested pcr for the flagellin gene. a total of four ticks (3.8%) was positive for the agent of hge using nested pcr for 16s rdna. counties in minnes ...200211931260
epidemiologic analysis of factors influencing exertional rhabdomyolysis in thoroughbreds.to determine incidence, effect on performance, and management practices associated with exertional rhabdomyolysis (er) in thoroughbreds.199910622169
1975 encephalitis epidemic in north dakota and western minnesota. an epidemiologic, clinical, and neuropathologic study. 19817278841
california arbovirus (la crosse) infections. i. clinical and laboratory findings in 66 children with meningoencephalitis. 19734355363
prognosis in equine colic patients using multivariable analysis.multiple logistic regression was used to investigate prognosis in 308 horses referred to the university of minnesota veterinary teaching hospital with colic. bivariate results identified the following significant individual parameters: absent or hypomotile abdominal sounds, medical or surgical classification, peritoneal fluid total protein, anion gap, serum glucose, capillary refill time, blood ph, heart rate, packed cell volume, base excess, serum chloride, plasma bicarbonate, serum urinary nit ...19892914230
serodiagnosis of equine monocytic ehrlichiosis in selected groups of horses in minnesota.antibody titer to ehrlichia risticii was determined, in 2,549 equine serum samples, using an indirect fluorescent antibody assay. during 1986, samples were obtained from the minnesota state-federal equine infectious anemia diagnostic laboratory, the minnesota racing laboratory, from horses admitted to the university of minnesota veterinary teaching hospital, and as a result of field investigations of horses with acute diarrhea. results of the study revealed antibody prevalence of 33, 24, 47, and ...19902195001
western equine encephalomyelitis in horses in the northern red river valley, 1975.in mid-july, 1975, western equine encephalomyelitis (wee) virus was isolated from mosquitoes collected in flooded areas of eastern north dakota and western minnesota. inasmuch as clinical manifestations of wee are usually observed in horses before human cases of encephalitis are recognized, surveillance of equine disease was initiated. sixty-one practicing veterinarians from the are under surveillance reported 281 cases of wee in horses from june through september, with peak incidence in late ju ...1977873843
eimeria leuckarti in five minnesota horses. 1979256359
increasing physician engagement. using norms of physician culture to improve relationships with medical staff.comments on the 2004 survey identified that physicians thought it was too early to judge whether the new structure itself was successful. this year, the survey will be repeated to measure the effectiveness of the new structure and to help administrators set goals to further improve physician engagement levels. meanwhile, mercy & unity is using the tenets of the physician compact, elements of physician culture, and elements of administrative culture to inform new process-improvement activities. m ...200717539561
west nile virus activity--united states, november 3-8, 2004.during november 3-8, a total of 41 cases of human west nile virus (wnv) illness were reported from seven states (california, maryland, minnesota, new mexico, oregon, tennessee, and texas).200415538322
use of repetitive sequence-based polymerase chain reaction for molecular epidemiologic analysis of streptococcus equi subspecies equi.to determine whether repetitive sequence-based polymerase chain reaction (rep-pcr) could be used to differentiate streptococcus equi isolates, to examine s equi isolates from throughout the world, and to determine whether a horse had > 1 subtype of s equi during an outbreak of disease.200010850848
ehrlichia equi infection of horses from minnesota and wisconsin: detection of seroconversion and acute disease investigation.equine granulocytic ehrlichiosis (ege) is caused by infection with ehrlichia equi. ege has been reported primarily in northern california, where e equi is transmitted by the tick ixodes pacificus. reports of ege and the emergence of human granulocytic ehrlichia in minnesota prompted a seroprevalence study of e equi in horses of minnesota and wisconsin. tick (ixodes scapularis) endemic areas of minnesota and wisconsin were compared to nonendemic regions of minnesota. indirect fluorescent antibody ...200010830537
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