serologic surveillance for vesicular stomatitis virus on ossabaw island, georgia.seventeen species of mammals and seven species of birds from ossabaw island, georgia, were tested for vesicular stomatitis (vs) neutralizing antibodies. seropositive results were restricted to mammals with six of 17 species testing seropositive for vs (new jersey type) neutralizing antibodies. seropositive species included: raccoons (procyon lotor), white-tailed deer (odocoileus virginianus), feral swine (sus scrofa), cattle (bos taurus), horses (equus caballus), and donkeys (equus asinus). all ...19852987546
equine-facilitated psychotherapy benefits students and children.baccalaureate nursing students who participated in equine-facilitated psychotherapy (efp) clinical observation found that they could benefit as much from the program as the child clients. by identifying beneficial educational outcomes of this nontraditional learning assignment, the authors hope readers will explore similar possibilities for nurses at various stages of their professional development.200414765690
reactivity of serum samples of dogs and horses tested by use of class-specific recombinant-based enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays for detection of granulocytic test serum samples of dogs and horses by use of class-specific recombinant-based elisa for establishing a diagnosis of granulocytic ehrlichiosis attributable to infection with organisms from the ehrlichia phagocytophila genogroup.200111560261
onchocerciasis among ungulate animals in georgia. 19744436772
uroperitoneum in the hospitalised equine neonate: retrospective study of 31 cases, 1988-1997.historical, physical and diagnostic data were reviewed retrospectively in 31 equine neonates with uroperitoneum. gender predilection was not observed, and classic electrolyte abnormalities were seen in less than 50% of the cases. aetiologies for uroperitoneum have been well described, but this review found that septicaemia/severe illness played a crucial role the outcome of uroperitoneum. approximately half the individuals with uroperitoneum had positive sepsis scores. foals receiving fluid ther ...200011093624
prevalence of exposure to eastern equine encephalomyelitis virus in domestic and feral swine in georgia. 19968953536
eastern equine encephalitis in dogs.eastern equine encephalitis virus (eeev) is an alphavirus that is endemic in the southeastern united states. from 1993 to january 2005, the veterinary diagnostic and investigational laboratory in tifton, georgia, performed postmortem examinations on over 101 domestic canines exhibiting clinical neurological disturbances. in 12 of these dogs, brains were histologically suggestive of infection with eeev. all dogs were less than 6 months of age, with no breed predilection. clinical signs included p ...200516475527
eastern equine encephalomyelitis virus infection in 1 of 2 outbreaks of eastern equine encephalomyelitis virus (eeev) infection in swine, 280 of 350 pigs died. histopathologic findings in the brain were typical of eeev infection. in addition, multifocal necrosis and inflammation were seen in the myocardium. follow-up investigation in 1 of the herds revealed antibody response to eeev in surviving pigs and in adult swine. growth retardation was noticed in surviving pigs. histologic examination revealed mild lesions in the brain of the survivors.19947852154
prevalence and clinical implications of anthelmintic resistance in cyathostomes of determine the prevalence and clinical implications of anthelmintic resistance in cyathostomes of horses.200111417741
ticks, lyme disease spirochetes, trypanosomes, and antibody to encephalitis viruses in wild birds from coastal georgia and south carolina.ticks and blood samples were collected from wild birds mist-netted on st. catherine's island, georgia, and at the wedge plantation in coastal south carolina in 1994 and 1995. immature stages of 5 species of ixodid ticks were recovered from 10 of 148 (7%) birds belonging to 6 species in georgia, whereas 6 ixodid species were recovered from 45 of 259 (17%) birds representing 10 avian species in south carolina. borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato was isolated from 27 of 120 (23%) screened ticks (ixodes ...19979406799
equine dermatophilosis (cutaneous streptotrichosis) in georgia. 19666008267
distribution of equine infectious anemia in equids in southeastern united states.state veterinarians in 11 southeastern states completed a questionnaire designed to determine the proportion of equids in the region that were seropositive for equine infectious anemia (eia). cases of eia were diagnosed in each of the states surveyed. distinct geographic clusters of cases were apparent in tennessee and kentucky adjacent to the mississippi river, in the piedmont of north carolina at the virginia border, in north central georgia, and throughout the florida peninsula. it is suggest ...19902173692
lutzomyia shannoni (diptera: psychodidae): a biological vector of the new jersey serotype of vesicular stomatitis virus on ossabaw island, georgia.the new jersey serotype of vesicular stomatitis virus (vsnj) is enzootic on ossabaw island, georgia. lutzomyia shannoni is the only phlebotomine sand fly present on the island and there is strong evidence that it is a vector of the virus at this site. this overview summarizes the studies that have been done on the island, reviews the evidence which confirms that l. shannoni is a biological vector of vsnj, and discusses remaining unknown aspects of the epizootiology of vsnj.19911668681
virus characterization and sequence of the fusion protein gene cleavage site of recent newcastle disease virus field isolates from the southeastern united states and puerto rico.nine newcastle disease virus (ndv) isolates obtained from puerto rico, georgia, alabama, mississippi, and texas were analyzed for in vivo pathogenicity, biological properties (hemagglutination of mammalian erythrocytes), and for sequence variation at the amino acid and sense rna level of the fusion protein cleavage site. intracerebral pathogenicity index values ranged from 0 to 0.3 and the intravenous pathogenicity index obtained for all isolates was 0. four isolates hemagglutinated bovine eryth ...19968790890
wildlife and environmental health: raccoons as indicators of zoonoses and pollutants in southeastern united states.inasmuch as terrestrial fauna are an integral part of our natural environment and are directly exposed to disease and pollutants, it follows that certain wild populations could serve to detect subtle alterations within ecosystems. a collection of studies on raccoons is presented to stimulate other researchers to develop the potential of our wildlife resources as monitors of environmental health. raccoons have been used as serologic sentinels for st louis encephalitis and venezuelan equine enceph ...1975170239
west nile virus activity--united states, september 29-october 5, 2004.during september 29-october 5, a total of 81 cases of human west nile virus (wnv) illness were reported from 18 states (alabama, arizona, arkansas, california, florida, georgia, illinois, iowa, kansas, kentucky, minnesota, missouri, ohio, oklahoma, pennsylvania, south dakota, texas, and virginia).200415470326
west nile virus activity--united states, september 8-14, 2004.during september 8-14, a total of 195 cases of human west nile virus (wnv) illness were reported from 26 states (alabama, arizona, arkansas, california, colorado, florida, georgia, idaho, illinois, iowa, kansas, maryland, minnesota, missouri, nebraska, nevada, new mexico, new york, north dakota, oklahoma, oregon, pennsylvania, south dakota, tennessee, texas, and wisconsin).200415371969
prevalence of equine onchocerciasis in southeastern and midwestern united states.of 664 horses reported to have originated in southeastern and midwestern united states, 341 (51.4%) were positive for onchocerca cervicalis cutaneous microfilariasis. the highest prevalence of 68.8% was recorded for horses from virginia. horses with the highest concentrations of microfilariae (as high as 19,770 microfilariae/mg in 1 horse) were from the southeast (georgia, florida, tennessee, and alabama). for horses from south carolina, the prevalence of infection was 57.1%; from the midwest (k ...19854008301
emergence of nipah virus in malaysia.a pig-borne virus causing viral encephalitis amongst human beings in malaysia was detected in 1997 by the ministry of health. initially, the disease was considered to be japanese encephalitis. subsequently, it was thought to be a hendra-like viral encephalitis, but on 10th april, 1999 the minister of health announced this mysterious and deadly virus to be a new virus named nipah virus. the virus was characterized at cdc, atlanta, georgia. the gene sequencing of the enveloped virus revealed that ...200011193645
eastern equine encephalitis in a free-ranging white-tailed deer (odocoileus virginianus).eastern equine encephalitis (eee) was diagnosed in a free-ranging, adult, male white-tailed deer (odocoileus virginianus) from houston county, georgia, usa, in july 2001. the yearling buck had neurologic disease and died during transport to our diagnostic facility. eastern equine encephalitis virus (eeev) was isolated in vero cell culture and identified by reverse-transcriptase polymerase chain reaction; as well, eeev antigen was detected in brain by immunohistochemistry. this is the first repor ...200515827230
arbovirus isolations from mosquitoes collected in waycross, georgia, 1963, during an outbreak of equine encephalitis. 19694387534
effect of butorphanol administration on cardiovascular parameters in isoflurane-anesthetized horses - a retrospective clinical determine cardiovascular responses to administration of butorphanol in isoflurane-anesthetized horses.200817696970
a propagating epizootic of equine infectious anemia on a horse epizootic of equine infectious anemia (eia) involved 35 horses on a farm in south georgia. during a 126-day period, 21 of these horses became seropositive for eia. after the initial diagnosis in july, the horses were tested every 7 to 10 days. at least one additional horse was found to be seropositive on each testing day. as soon as they were determined to be seropositive, the horses were removed from the herd and sent to slaughter. the removal of the seropositive horses, however, did not sto ...19882848789
use of the wet bulb globe temperature (wbgt) index to quantify environmental heat loads during three-day-event competitions. 19968894544
tissue pathology and comparative microanatomy of onchocerca from a resident of ontario and other enzootic onchocerca species from canada and the u.s.a.the microanatomy of one male and one female specimen of a zoonotic onchocera sp in a fibrous nodule excised from the wrist of an ontario resident, two bovine onchocerca from saskatchewan and manitoba, canada, and o. cervicalis from the ligamentum nuchae of a horse in georgia, u.s.a., were compared. in dimensions and cuticular morphology, the three canadian specimens of onchocera shared certain features and closely resembled both o. cervicalis and o. gutturosa. the number of cuticular striae in s ...1977596957
an open mind is a trojan horse? 200515890859
west nile virus activity--united states, september 22-28, 2004.during september 22-28, a total of 180 cases of human west nile virus (wnv) illness were reported in the district of columbia (dc) and 24 states (alabama, arizona, california, georgia, illinois, iowa, kansas, kentucky, louisiana, maryland, michigan, minnesota, mississippi, missouri, montana, nebraska, nevada, new mexico, ohio, pennsylvania, texas, utah, wisconsin, and wyoming).200415457147
geographic variability of escherichia coli ribotypes from animals in idaho and georgia.several genotypic methods have been developed for determining the host origin of fecal bacteria in contaminated waters. some of these methods rely on a host origin database to identify environmental isolates. it is not well understood to what degree these host origin isolates are geographically variable (i.e., cosmopolitan or endemic). this is important because a geographically limited host origin database may or may not be universally applicable. the objective of our study was to use one genoty ...200212175046
detection of anaplasma phagocytophilum in ixodid ticks from equine-inhabited sites in the southeastern united states.abstract anaplasma phagocytophilum is a vector-borne, obligate intracellular bacterium that invades the neutrophils and eosinophils of infected individuals, causing granulocytic anaplasmosis. equine cases have previously been reported in the united states from california, florida, and connecticut, but limited surveillance studies in the southeast have been conducted. the objective of this study was to determine a. phagocytophilum prevalence in ixodes scapularis ticks at southeastern u.s. horse ...201222214269
physiological responses to the endurance test of a 3-day-event during hot and cool weather.physiological data were collected during two 3-day-event competitions: one (h) held in hot and the other (cl) in cool conditions. during h, ambient temperature and relative humidity were 2.5 degrees c-35 degrees c and 74-36% respectively, while during cl, ambient temperature and relative humidity were 7.8 degrees c-8.3 degrees c and 46%-41%, respectively. rectal temperature, heart and respiratory rates were recorded on arrival at the event, at the end of phase c and 6 min later, at the end of ph ...19958933082
coccidial oocysts from a horse in georgia. 19725057220
eastern equine encephalitis in quebec and connecticut, 1972: introduction by infected mosquitoes on the wind?in 1972 there were outbreaks of eastern equine encephalitis in the eastern townships, quebec, canada and in connecticut, usa. climatic data including northern hemisphere synoptic charts were examined. the findings indicate that the virus could have been brought to lac brome by infected mosquitoes carried on surface winds from meriden, connecticut, on the night of august 22-23, 1972. the distance of 400 km would have been covered in 14-16 h at a speed of 25-30 km h-1 and at a temperature of 15 de ...19892563337
west nile virus activity--united states, november 9-16, 2004.during november 9-16, a total of 31 cases of human west nile virus (wnv) illness were reported from eight states (arizona, georgia, maryland, michigan, missouri, new york, pennsylvania, and texas).200415549023
synanthropic flies as vectors of cryptosporidium and giardia among livestock and wildlife in a multispecies agricultural complex.the capacity of synanthropic flies belonging to the families calliphoridae, sarcophagidae, and muscidae to serve as mechanical vectors of cryptosporidium and giardia among livestock and wildlife in a multispecies agricultural complex in northwest georgia (usa) was studied using fluorescent in situ hybridization (fish) and immunofluorescent antibody (ifa) techniques. flies from all three families were carrying viable cryptosporidium oocysts and giardia cysts internally and externally, and deposit ...200717979535
ileal impaction in the horse: 75 cases.records of 75 horses with ileal impactions were examined retrospectively. there was a sex predilection towards mares. arabians were over-represented compared to the hospital population. the average age was 8.3 years. abdominal pain was observed in 96% of horses. nasogastric reflux was present in 56% of horses, small intestinal distention was found on rectal palpation in 96% and an ileal impaction in 25%. exploratory celiotomy was performed in 69 horses, the mass was reduced by extramural massage ...19892912676
west nile virus activity--united states, october 27-november 2, 2004.during october 27-november 2, a total of 10 cases of human west nile virus (wnv) illness were reported from eight states (arizona, georgia, iowa, michigan, new mexico, ohio, oklahoma, and pennsylvania).200415525902
west nile virus activity--united states, august 18-24, 2004.during august 18-24, a total of 154 cases of human west nile virus (wnv) illness were reported from 18 states (alabama, arizona, california, colorado, connecticut, florida, georgia, illinois, kentucky, minnesota, mississippi, missouri, nevada, new mexico, north carolina, south dakota, tennessee, and wisconsin).200415329654
necropsy findings and arbovirus surveillance in mourning doves from the southeastern united states.mourning doves (zenaida macroura) are the most abundant and widespread native member of the columbid family, as well as a major migratory game species, in the united states. however, there is little information on mortality factors in mourning doves. records of necropsy accessions at the southeastern cooperative wildlife disease study (scwds) from 15 southeastern states, from 1971 through 2005, were reviewed. one hundred thirty-five mourning doves were submitted from nine states during the 35-yr ...200717347403
acclimation and acclimatisation of the equine athlete.a number of studies have clearly shown that the ability of both man and horses to perform a standardised exercise test in hot humid conditions is reduced compared to that in hot dry or cool conditions (see reviews by maughan and lindinger, 1995; lindinger and marlin, 1995). in man it is clear that a period of acclimation or acclimatisation is beneficial. a search of the literature prior to 1995 indicates no published information relating to the acclimation or acclimatisation of the horse to hot ...19989694428
hosts of lutzomyia shannoni (diptera: psychodidae) in relation to vesicular stomatitis virus on ossabaw island, georgia, u.s.a.hosts of lutzomyia shannoni dyar, a suspected biological vector of the new jersey serotype of vesicular stomatitis (vsnj) virus, were determined using an indirect enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (elisa) of 333 blood-fed female sandflies collected from their diurnal resting shelters on ossabaw island, georgia, u.s.a. sandflies had fed primarily on white-tailed deer (odocoileus virginianus) (81%) and to a lesser extent on feral swine (sus scrofa) (16%), two species of host infected annually with ...19947841487
effects of fecal collection and storage factors on strongylid egg counts in horses.fecal analyses are becoming increasingly important for equine establishments as a means of parasite surveillance and detection of anthelmintic resistance. although several studies have evaluated various egg counting techniques, little is known about the quantitative effects of pre-analytic factors such as collection and storage of fecal samples. this study evaluated the effects of storage temperature, storage time and airtight versus open-air storage on fecal egg counts. the experimental protoco ...201019850412
prevalence of anthelmintic resistant cyathostomes on horse determine prevalence of anthelmintic resistance in cyathostome nematodes of horses in the southern united states.200415485051
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