[identification of the encephalitis equine virus, parana, brazil].in the period of 1996-1999 some virus associated with encephalitis have been reported in horses from different regions of paraná state, brazil. to identify the etiologic agent associated with this illness, mosquitoes and serum samples were collected in the endemic area.200010920444
lutzomyia whitmani (diptera: psychodidae) as vector of leishmania (v.) braziliensis in paraná state, southern brazil.the phlebotomine sandflies in the northern areas of the state of paraná, brazil, particularly those in the '16a' health region, were investigated over a 3-year period. using cdc light traps (with and without hamster bait) and shannon traps (with lights and horse or human bait), 16 species were collected from seven municipal districts which were known foci for cutaneous leishmaniasis: arapongas; apucarana; cambira; marumbi; faxinal; florestópolis; and sabáudia. although the frequency at which eac ...200011064764
american cutaneous leishmaniasis in horses from endemic areas in the north-central mesoregion of paraná state, brazil.american cutaneous leishmaniasis (acl) is an endemic disease in the north-west of paraná state, brazil, where it occurs in humans and dogs. few studies have been undertaken on the occurrence of the disease in other domestic animals and horses. in this study we investigated the infection of horses by leishmania in acl-endemic rural areas. direct agglutination test (dat) and polymerase chain reaction (pcr) were employed. fifty-five horses from rural areas in the municipalities of doutor camargo, o ...200818331518
[parasitological prevalence of cart-horses in curitiba, paraná].the carthorses are used as an alternative for people of low income for collecting recyclable material. however, these horses are managed without proper assistance, suffering several problems, among them the parasites. in this study we used 41 animals, their body condition score and other parameters were analyzed and parasite egg count was performed from fecal samples. it was determined the absence of eggs on 12% and parasite infection in 88%. strongylids were found in all contaminated animals, o ...200820059842
[anoplocephala sp. prevalence in equines at the sociedade hípica paranaense, curitiba, pr].anoplocephala sp. parasites are among the most frequent tapeworms in equines and are associated with intestinal infections. this survey had the objective to verify anoplocephala sp. prevalence at sociedade hípica paranaense (shpr). the animals were treated with ivermectin, which does not have efficacy against anoplocephala sp.. to determine whether eggs of anoplocephala sp. were present, a modified centrifugal flotation technique was used and also eggs per gram of faeces (epg). none of the sampl ...200820059846
serological survey of rickettsia sp. in horses and dogs in a non-endemic area in brazil.brazilian spotted fever (bsf) is a lethal rickettsiosis in humans caused by the bacteria rickettsia rickettsii, and is endemic in some areas of brazil. horses and dogs are part of the disease's life cycle and they may also serve as sentinel animals in epidemiological studies. the first human bsf case in the state of paraná was reported in 2005. the present study was conducted in the municipality of almirante tamandaré, where no previous case of bsf was reported. serum samples were collected from ...201021184695
serosurvey of antibodies against spotted fever group rickettsia spp. in horse farms in northern paraná, brazil.brazilian spotted fever (bsf) is an emerging disease most likely caused by rickettsia rickettsii. the objective of the present study was to estimate the seroprevalence of bsf rickettsia infections in equines from six horse farms located in londrina county, paraná, southern brazil. six owners of horse farms situated in cambé, santa fé, guaraci and londrina municipalities participated in the study. all farms were located in areas where bsf has not been reported. a total of 273 horses were sampled ...201021184706
infection by spotted fever rickettsiae in people, dogs, horses and ticks in londrina, parana state, brazil.spotted fever is a disease caused by bacteria from the genus rickettsia of the spotted fever group (sfg). rickettsia rickettsii is likely the main agent of brazilian spotted fever (bsf). with the objective of gathering information on the circulation of sfg rickettsiae in londrina, parana state, ticks from dogs and horses and also blood from dogs, horses and humans were collected in a neighbourhood of the city which presented potential for circulation of rickettsiae between hosts and vectors. amb ...201121824336
brazilian spotted fever in cart horses in a non-endemic area in southern brazil.brazilian spotted fever (bsf) is an often fatal zoonosis caused by the obligate intracellular bacterium rickettsia rickettsii. the disease is generally transmitted to humans by amblyomma spp. ticks. serological evidence of past infection by r. rickettsii has been reported in horses, but the pathogenicity of r. rickettsii in horses remains unknown. cart horses are still widely used in urban and urban fringe areas in brazil, and these animals may constitute suitable sentinels for bsf human in thes ...201020624353
occurrence of antibodies against leptospira spp. in horses of the urban area of londrina, paraná, brazil.a total of 320 horses were studied in this paper, both male and female, between two and 17 years of age, which were used for traction of wagons in the urban area of the municipality of londrina (pr). these animals were kept, after their daily work, in abandoned areas or plots, in the outskirts of the urban area of the city. when these animals were attended by the veterinarians, between 1996 and 2005, none of them presented symptoms suggesting leptospirosis. the most frequent reasons for the visi ...200718026641
trends of fumonisin contamination and animal intoxication through monitoring 1991 to 1997 corn crop in the state of paraná, brazil.eleven feed samples associated with six animal (horse and poultry) intoxication outbreaks (1991) in the state of paraná, brazil, were evaluated for fungal and fumonisin contamination. in order to estimate the trend of livestock intoxication, fumonisin contamination was monitored in corn produced both at the commercial level (1991, 1995 crop), and in an experimental field at a local agronomy institute (1997 crop). the total mould count in the feed samples ranged from 2.9 x 10(3) to 1.9 x 10(7) cf ...200415630554
investigation of neospora sp. and toxoplasma gondii antibodies in mares and in precolostral foals from parana state, southern brazil.antibodies to neospora sp. and toxoplasma gondii were measured in mares and precolostral foals from a farm in parana state, brazil. an indirect fluorescent antibody test (ifat) was used to determine specific antibodies. three sampling points, 2003, 2004 and at parturition were included in the study, but not all horses are represented at a parturition time point. in 2003, antibodies to neospora were detected in 17 mares (47%) at 1:50 dilution and in 5 mares (13.8%) at 1:100 dilution. in 2004, ant ...200616289863
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