anaplasma phagocytophilum, sardinia, italy. 200516110587
equine and canine anaplasma phagocytophilum strains isolated on the island of sardinia (italy) are phylogenetically related to pathogenic strains from the united states.the presence of anaplasma phagocytophilum, a tick-transmitted zoonotic pathogen, was investigated in sardinia using a molecular approach. phylogenetic analysis revealed that sardinian strains are genetically distinct from the two lineages previously described in europe and are closely related to strains isolated in different areas of the united states.200516204571
equine gasterophilosis in sardinia: annual trend of bot eggs laying in different topographic regions of the horse. 200919585259
cystic echinococcosis in italy from the 1950s to italy the epidemiological pattern of cistic echinococcosis (ce) is incomplete and the information for most regions is out of date, contradictory, and almost exclusively limited to the intermediate hosts. the disease is found most frequently in particular social and economic conditions: widespread use of extensive or semi-extensive sheep farming, illegal slaughtering, and high numbers of sheepdogs and other types of dogs. the highest incidence in sheep is found in sardinia (70.6-92.8%), sicily ...200416044697
[ecology of thelazia spp. in cattle and their vectors in italy].the genus thelazia (spirurida, thelaziidae) includes a cosmopolitan group of eyeworm spirurids responsible for ocular infections in domestic and wild animals and transmitted by different species of muscids. bovine thelaziosis is caused by thelazia rhodesi desmarest 1828, thelazia gulosa railliet & henry 1910, and thelazia skrjabini erschow 1928, which occur in many countries; t. gulosa and t. skrjabini have been reported mainly in the new world, while t. rhodesi is particularly common in the old ...200415305729
geographical and seasonal distribution of the bluetongue virus vector, culicoides imicola, in central italy.following the first incursion of bluetongue virus (btv) into italy, the geographical and seasonal distribution of the biting midge culicoides imicola kieffer (diptera: ceratopogonidae), the main vector of btv and african horse sickness virus, was investigated in two regions of central italy (lazio and tuscany). surveillance of culicoides was carried out between july 2001 and december 2002 using light traps: 1917 collections were made in 381 trap sites, well distributed across both regions. durin ...200314651652
cystic echinococcosis in equids in italy.between march 2003 and february 2007, the livers and the lungs of 2,231 horses from various italian regions were examined for cystic echinococcosis presence at the time of slaughter. hydatid cysts were found in six horses, namely four from sardinia, one from sicily, and one from tuscany. the location, number, morphology, and fertility of the cysts found were determined. dna was extracted from the germinal layers and protoscoleces of the fertile cysts and polymerase chain reactions (pcr) were per ...200818180956
molecular diagnosis of granulocytic anaplasmosis and infectious cyclic thrombocytopenia by pcr-rflp.anaplasma phagocytophilum (a. phagocytophilum, formerly ehrlichia phagocytophila) is a tick-borne pathogen responsible for tick-borne fever in ruminants, equine granulocytic ehrlichiosis (ege) in horses, canine granulocytic ehrlichiosis (cge) in dogs, and for human granulocytic ehrlichiosis (hge). human cases have been registered in many countries with a broad range of symptoms and pathogenicity. this article focused on sardinia as the prevalence in humans was almost seven times higher than in t ...200617135540
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