serological evidence for borna disease virus infection in children, cats and horses in sicily (italy). 200818771105
observed prevalence of tick-borne pathogens in domestic animals in sicily, italy during 2003-2005.the objective of this study was to characterize the observed prevalence of tick-borne pathogens (tbp) in domestic animals in sicily, italy during 2003-2005. serological (competitive elisa and indirect immunofluorescence antibody, n = 3299) and dna tests (polymerase chain reaction and reverse line blot, n = 2565) were conducted on horse, donkey, cattle, sheep, goat, pig and dog samples. pathogens analysed included anaplasma, ehrlichia, rickettsia, babesia and theileria species, and coxiella burne ...200717359441
genetic analysis of sicilian autochthonous horse breeds using nuclear and mitochondrial dna markers.genetic diversity and relationship among 3 sicilian horse breeds were investigated using 16 microsatellite markers and a 397-bp length mitochondrial d-loop sequence. the analysis of autosomal dna was performed on 191 horses (80 siciliano [sic], 61 sanfratellano [san], and 50 sicilian oriental purebred [sop]). sic and san breeds were notably higher in genetic variability than the sop. genetic distances and cluster analysis showed a close relationship between sic and san breeds, as expected accord ...201121914666
serologic and molecular characterization of anaplasma species infection in farm animals and ticks from sicily.although anaplasma marginale was known to be endemic in italy, the diversity of anaplasma spp. from this area have not been characterized. in this study, the prevalence of anaplasma spp. antibodies in randomly selected farm animals collected on the island of sicily was determined by use of a msp5 celisa for anaplasma spp. and an immunofluorescence test specific for anaplasma phagocytophilum. genetic variation among strains of anaplasma spp. from animals and ticks was characterized using the a. m ...200516043300
characterization of anaplasma infections in sicily, italy.this study aimed to characterize infection with anaplasma marginale, a. phagocytophilum, a. ovis, and a. platys in humans, animals, and ticks in sicily, italy, during 2003-2006. serologic (competitive elisa [celisa]) and indirect immunofluorescence antibody [ifa]; n= 1990) and dna (polymerase chain reaction [pcr]; n= 2788) tests were conducted on horse, donkey, cattle, sheep, goat, pig, dog, cat, roe deer, wild boar, human, and tick samples. the results reported herein suggested that in sicily c ...200819120181
cystic echinococcosis in italy from the 1950s to italy the epidemiological pattern of cistic echinococcosis (ce) is incomplete and the information for most regions is out of date, contradictory, and almost exclusively limited to the intermediate hosts. the disease is found most frequently in particular social and economic conditions: widespread use of extensive or semi-extensive sheep farming, illegal slaughtering, and high numbers of sheepdogs and other types of dogs. the highest incidence in sheep is found in sardinia (70.6-92.8%), sicily ...200416044697
report in europe of nasal myiasis by rhinoestrus spp. in horses and donkeys: seasonal patterns and taxonomical considerations.two species of rhinoestrus (i.e. rhinoestrus purpureus (brauer) and rhinoestrus usbekistanicus gan) cause nasal myiasis in horses, donkeys and zebras. in the past 15 years myiasis caused by r. purpureus has been reported in egypt and by r. usbekistanicus in senegal and niger, both in horses and in donkeys. with the aim to investigate the presence of this myiasis in autochthonous horses and donkeys from southern italy and to study the seasonal trend of larval infection, 212 native horses were nec ...200415158558
cystic echinococcosis in equids in italy.between march 2003 and february 2007, the livers and the lungs of 2,231 horses from various italian regions were examined for cystic echinococcosis presence at the time of slaughter. hydatid cysts were found in six horses, namely four from sardinia, one from sicily, and one from tuscany. the location, number, morphology, and fertility of the cysts found were determined. dna was extracted from the germinal layers and protoscoleces of the fertile cysts and polymerase chain reactions (pcr) were per ...200818180956
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