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bacterial infections in horses: a retrospective study at the university equine clinic of bern.bacterial infections present a major challenge in equine medicine. therapy should be based on bacteriological diagnosis to successfully minimize the increasing number of infections caused by multidrug-resistant bacteria. the present study is a retrospective analysis of bacteriological results from purulent infections in horses admitted at the university equine clinic of bern from 2004 to 2008. from 378 samples analyzed, 557 isolates were identified, of which staphylococcus aureus, streptococcus ...201020361396
[a discovery of horseshoes from the 17th century in kiesen in bern canton].the discovery of all four horseshoes in connection with the horse-skeleton (see imhof: "discovery of a skeleton of the 17th century in kiesen/switzerland") made it possible to determinate its age by the radiocarbon method indirectly. the horseshoes are fully documented with pictures and scales and the findings described and discussed in detail.19948122091
[the discovery of a horse skeleton from the 17th century in kiesen in bern canton].in 1968 a skeleton of a horse was found in kiesen (switzerland). this discovery could be dated by radiocarbon method: according to that this 13 years old gelding with a withers-height of 135 to 140 cm must have lived during the first third of the 17th century. apparently it died by an accident. the bones are fully documented with pictures and scales and the findings described and discussed in detail.19948122090
antibodies to berne virus in horses and other animals.after inoculation into 2 foals, berne virus induced neutralizing antibody, but did not cause clinical symptoms. in a horizontal study of seropositive mares and their offspring, a decline of maternal antibodies and a sudden synchronous seroconversion in all foals were observed, again without clinical symptoms. the virus is widespread in the swiss horse population and has been so during the last decade; rises in antibody titers were noted in 9% of paired sera sampled at random. positive reactions ...19846506447
purification and partial characterization of a new enveloped rna virus (berne virus).in berne (switzerland), a virus was isolated from a horse which was found to be serologically unrelated to known equine viruses. its growth was unaffected by iododeoxyuridine and it was inactivated by organic solvents. a purification procedure involving ammonium sulphate precipitation and sucrose gradient equilibrium centrifugation was developed and viral activities were monitored using infectivity and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays. purified virions of density 1.16 g/ml were shown by negati ...19836886677
berna: a century of immunobiological innovation.at the time the swiss serum and vaccine institute berne (berna) was found in 1898, few vaccines or immune globulins were available. this short list included vaccines against cholera, typhoid fever, plague, smallpox and rabies and equine anti-tetanus and diphtheria immune globulins. furthermore, their use was restricted due to limited production capacity, uncertainty regarding safety and no public health infrastructure to promote their utilization. today, safe and effective vaccines exist for mor ...199910506402
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