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presence of culicoides imicola (diptera: ceratopogonidae) in jaen, spain.culicoides imicola kieffer is reported from 2 locations in the province of jaen, spain. the locations are outside the area where african horse sickness epizootics occurred from 1988 to 1990. the absence of african horse sickness in jaen during this period may have been due to the low abundance of this species.19947807099
larval anisakids (nematoda: ascaridoidea) in horse mackerel (trachurus trachurus) from the fish market in granada (spain).horse mackerel (trachurus trachurus) from the fish market in granada, south spain, were surveyed for anisakid nematodes. the fish came from fishing ports all over the country. larval anisakids were found in 39.4% of the fish examined. in all, 26.1% were infected with third-stage larvae (l3s) of anisakis simplex; 0.3%, with a. physeteris l3s; 31.1%, with hysterothylacium aduncum l3s; and 1.7%, with fourth-stage larvae (l4s) of hysterothylacium sp. horse mackerel from mediterranean sea coast ports ...19968801559
[fat, protein and caloric content of different fish, seafood and mollusks, atlantic and mediterranean habitually consumed in the south of spain].to evaluate in a systematic manner, the fat, protein, caloric, and fatty acids contents of 35 species of fish, seafood and mollusks, usually consumed in andalucía (spain).19968962904
larval anisakids (nematoda:ascaridoidea) in horse mackerel (trachurus trachurus) from the fish market in granada, spain.horse mackerel (trachurus trachurus) from the fish market in granada, southern spain, were surveyed for anisakid nematodes. the fish came from fishing ports all over the country. larval anisakids were found in 39.4% of the fish examined; 26.1% were infected with third-stage larvae (l3s) of anisakis simplex; 0.3%, with a. physeteris l3s; 31.1%, with hysterothylacium aduncum l3s; and 1.7%, with fourth-stage larvae (l4s) of hysterothylacium sp. horse mackerel from mediterranean sea coastal ports (s ...19968740547
seasonal and geographical distribution of culicoides imicola kieffer (diptera: ceratopogonidae) in southwestern spain.culicoides imicola kieffer adults were collected in light traps weekly between august 1990 and october 1991. the species was collected at all 62 sites located in 5 provinces of the autonomous region of andalucía (spain). culicoides imicola represented 31.7% of the total collection of culicoides. the highest numbers of c. imicola were collected from september through november 1990 and september and october 1991. the lowest numbers were collected from december 1990 through april 1991. the presence ...19979383762
immunospecificity of albumin detected in 1.6 million-year-old fossils from venta micena in orce, granada, spain.the orce skull fragment from southern spain, dated at 1.6 myr, has been a subject of heated controversy since it was first discovered in 1982. if it is hominid, as its discoverers contend, it is by far the oldest fossil hominid yet found in western europe and implies that human populations settled this region much earlier than was previously realized. numerous stone artifacts found at the orce sites provide evidence that hominids were indeed present there in the lower pleistocene. some paleontol ...19979292161
the relationship between climate and the distribution of culicoides imicola in iberia.the biting midge culicoides imicola was captured at 17 of 27 farms in spain and portugal during a survey of its distribution following outbreaks of african horse sickness in iberia that occurred between 1987 and 1990. farms were sampled approximately twice weekly from october 1992 to february 1995. farms were widely spaced apart (maximum 850 km) and had considerable variation in climate. across sites, summer temperatures ranged from 18.3 degrees c-27.2 degrees c; in winter the range was 4.4 degr ...19989785499
the seasonal and geographical distribution of culicoides imicola, c. pulicaris group and c. obsoletus group biting midges in central and southern spain.pirbright-type light traps were used to collect culicoides biting midges (diptera: ceratopogonidae) at fifteen sites in twelve provinces of central spain and andalusia. a total of 293,625 culicoides were collected in 1,387 samples over a two year period. these comprised approximately 9.2% culicoides imicola, 11.4% c. pulicaris group, 1.6% c. obsoletus group and 12.2% c. circumscriptus. culicoides imicola was present at ten of the fifteen sites; the five sites from which it was absent were the mo ...19989785498
seasonal distribution and relationship to temperature and precipitation of the most abundant species of culicoides in five provinces of andalusia, spain.a total of 177,344 culicoides specimens were collected from 3,109 light trap collections made weekly from august 1990 to october 1991 at 62 sites in the provinces of cádiz, córdoba, huelva, seville, and málaga, spain. reported for the 1st time are culicoides agathensis, culicoides bahrainensis, culicoides marcleti, and culicoides odiatus in the iberian peninsula, and culicoides scoticus in andalusia, spain. as a group, culicoides were active throughout the year. the 3 most common species were cu ...199910480132
prevalence of west nile virus neutralizing antibodies in spain is related to the behavior of migratory birds.west nile virus (wnv) is a bird flavivirus capable of infecting horses and humans that is transmitted by blood-sucking vectors. in europe and africa, sporadic infections and outbreaks causing human illness and deaths have occurred and have led to 2 mutually nonexclusive hypotheses regarding the circulation of wnv in europe: (1) the occurrence of endemic sylvatic cycles that occasionally result in human or equine infection, or (2) sporadic seeding of wnv by migratory birds from areas where the vi ...200818399777
tarasca: ritual monster of spain.let us now revisit our original assumptions. first, we note that for the participants in hacinas carnival the tarasca is a figure of fun and joy, but it also exudes a strain of aggressive misogyny that many female residents, not to mention tourists, find somewhat unsettling. in the spirit of feminist currents in spain, a group of young women protested in 1992 to town officials and, when rebuffed, sought to build their own female monster, which they intended to use to attack boys and men. while t ...200819831233
monitoring of the west nile virus epidemic in spain between 2010 and 2011.west nile virus (wnv) is a mosquito-transmitted flavivirus recognized as an emerging and re-emerging pathogen in different countries. this study describes the monitoring of the first wnv epidemic in spain between 2010 and 2011. between september and december 2010, 36 outbreaks of wnv in horses were reported in three different provinces of andalusia (southern spain), with no apparent spread outside this area. the temporal distribution and the clinical signs observed during the wnv epidemic in spa ...201122212118
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