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[status of emerging drug resistance in shiga toxin-producing escherichia coli in japan during 1996: a minireview].a total of 192 shiga toxin-producing escherichia coli (stec) strains isolated from the 1996 episodes in japan were tested for their in vitro susceptibilities to 41 antimicrobial agents. drug resistance was found with kanamycin, tetracycline, nalidixic acid, ampicillin, streptomycin, sulfamethoxazole, and fosfomycin. the expression of fosfomycin resistance was greatly dependent on culture conditions and resistance was detected (e.g.) when mueller-hinton agar or nutrient agar supplemented with hor ...19989796342
analysis of yearly changes in levels of antibodies to japanese encephalitis virus nonstructural 1 protein in racehorses in central japan shows high levels of natural virus activity still exist.recent reductions in numbers of human and equine japanese encephalitis (je) cases in japan have seen calls to end je vaccination. here, we analyzed yearly variations of natural je virus activity, using sera collected serially in 1998-2003 from racehorses residing in ibaraki and shiga prefectures, both located in central japan. a total of 208 sera from 24 individuals in ibaraki and 259 from 27 in shiga were examined for antibodies to je virus nonstructural 1 (ns1) protein, a marker of natural inf ...200616129523
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