Publications

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equine dermatophilus infection in hong kong. 1977906094
haematological changes in two thoroughbred horses in training with confirmed equine herpesvirus 1 infections.an outbreak of respiratory disease among thoroughbred horses in training in hong kong was caused by equine herpesvirus 1 (ehv-1) subtype 1 (abortion strain). two of the horses affected by ehv-1 were serially blood sampled over a period of several weeks and their haematological values measured. there was an increase in monocyte count in the first few days which steadily decreased in one horse, but the other had a second monocyte peak after a period of exercise, thus demonstrating the importance o ...19892547264
studies on the origin of pandemic influenza. 3. evidence implicating duck and equine influenza viruses as possible progenitors of the hong kong strain of human influenza. 19734632653
effect of bedding on the incidence of exercise induced pulmonary haemorrhage in racehorses in hong kong.an investigation into the incidence of exercise induced pulmonary haemorrhage (eiph) in thoroughbreds in hong kong was carried out between the 1981 and 1983 racing seasons. a total of 1039 post race endoscopic examinations were performed in 1982-1983 and the results indicated that 46.8 per cent of runners had eiph. this was not statistically different from the percentage of horses showing eiph during 1981-82 (46.9 per cent). as it had been postulated that dust, especially from straw, could be im ...19846495577
outbreak of equine influenza among horses in hong kong during 1992.equine-2 influenza virus a (h3n8) infection occurred among vaccinated thoroughbred horses in hong kong during november and december 1992. the outbreak was unique in that it occurred among a large population stabled under intensive conditions. it resulted in the postponement of seven race meetings over a period of 32 days. the outbreak originated after the importation of horses 25 to 32 days before any clinical signs were reported. vaccination did not prevent 75 per cent of the population from be ...19957660556
genetic and antigenic analysis of the influenza virus responsible for the 1992 hong kong equine influenza epizootic.an outbreak of influenza occurred among thoroughbred racehorses in hong kong in november-december 1992, with morbidity of 37%. all horses involved had been vaccinated against equine-1 and equine-2 influenza viruses but not against the virus responsible for the 1989 equine influenza outbreak in northern china (influenza a/equine/jilin/89, subtype h3n8). therefore the source and nature of the virus causing the hong kong outbreak was investigated. virus isolated from a horse infected during the out ...19947941336
serological evidence for the transmission of getah virus in hong kong. 19948085315
use of hormone replacement therapy in the hong kong public health sector after the women's health initiative trial.to determine the impact of women health initiative (whi) trial on the use of hormone replacement therapy (hrt) in the hong kong public health sector.200515950409
five year analysis of jockey club horse-related injuries presenting to a trauma centre in hong kong.professional horse riding-related injuries have not been studied before in hong kong, although horse racing takes place very regularly in the territory. in addition, the equestrian events of the 2008 beijing olympic games will come to hong kong. this study analysed the pattern of horse-related injury among patients who presented to a trauma centre in a teaching hospital in hong kong.200717049524
evaluation of detailed training data to identify risk factors for retirement because of tendon injuries in thoroughbred racehorses.to identify the risk factors for premature retirement because of tendon injury in a thoroughbred racehorse population.200717975973
host-specific 16s rrna gene markers of bacteroidales for source tracking of fecal pollution in the subtropical coastal seawater of hong kong.this study investigated the diversity of bacteroidales communities in the feces of eight host species in hong kong (subtropical asia), including human (in the form of sewage), cow, pig, horse, cat, dog, rabbit and rat. the analysis of terminal restriction fragment length polymorphism (trflp) in the 16s rrna genes revealed significant differences in bacteroidales communities among all host species, with the exception of dog and cat. manual examination of trflp profiles resulted in six terminal re ...201020705317
first description of hepacivirus and pegivirus infection in domestic horses in china: a study in guangdong province, heilongjiang province and hong kong district.since 2012, three viruses, known as equine hepacivirus (eqhv), equine pegivirus (epgv) and theiler's disease-associated virus (tdav), have been discovered in equines. given that these viruses are the newest members of the flaviviridae family, genomic information concerning circulating eqhv, epgv and tdav strains around the world is limited. to date, no genetic surveillance studies have been performed on these three viruses in the equine population of china. here, a total of 177 serum samples wer ...201627182887
equine travellers to the olympic games in hong kong 2008: a review of worldwide challenges to equine health, with particular reference to vector-borne diseases.the past 10-20 years have seen exponential growth in the volume of trade in horses and equine germplasm; and the extent of global horse movements has increased significantly in the last 4 years. in preparing for the transport of elite olympic horses to hong kong in 2008, it will be very important to be as fully informed as possible of the disease situation in both the exporting and importing country, import and re-entry requirements, as well as having a vaccination strategy to protect against pa ...200818083666
prevalence estimates of problem and pathological gambling in hong kong.this government-commissioned survey gauged the prevalence of problem and pathological gambling in the general population of hong kong and advised the government on preventative and treatment services.200312832257
japanese encephalitis in a racing thoroughbred gelding in hong kong.a horse in hong kong that had been vaccinated against japanese encephalitis suffered a pyrexic episode that culminated in a hyperexcitable state and self-inflicted trauma. japanese encephalitis was diagnosed on the basis of clinical, pathological and serological observations, and confirmed by the detection of genomic sequences of the virus in spinal cord tissue. phylogenetic analyses of e gene and ns5-3'utr sequences revealed divergent clustering of these segments with previously described genot ...200516085723
control of equine infectious anemia in horses in hong kong.equine infectious anemia (eia) has been enzootic in hong kong since the end of world war ii. in 1972, a serologic survey of the horses at the hong kong jockey club indicated 23% prevalence of eia. disease control measures were instituted, and the spread of infection was reduced. in 1976, the prevalence of eia was believed to be sufficiently low to implement procedures for eradication of eia from all horses in hong kong. a correlation between eia and poor performance of racehorses was demonstrate ...1977863775
treatment of atrophic vaginitis with topical conjugated equine estrogens in postmenopausal asian women.we investigated the effects of 2 months of treatment with topical estrogens on atrophic vaginitis and gynecological health in asian women.200415669556
a disease resembling sweet itch in hong kong. 19846489310
equine influenza in hong kong. 19938447058
continuation rate of hormone replacement therapy in hong kong public health sector.to assess the 1-year continuation rate of hrt prescribed in hong kong public health sector and to identify factors affecting this continuation rate.200415531131
gastric ulceration in mature thoroughbred horses.routine post mortem examination of 195 thoroughbreds in hong kong revealed that 66 per cent suffered from gastric ulceration. racehorses killed straight out of training suffered a significantly greater incidence of ulceration (80 per cent) than those having been retired for a month or more (52 per cent). the macroscopic findings post mortem enabled a classification of equine gastric ulceration to be suggested (types 1, 2, 3), according to severity. severe lesions (types 2 and 3) were present in ...19863758006
haematological response to racing and training exercise in thoroughbred horses, with particular reference to the leucocyte response.the haematological response to racing and to fast and slow training exercise was investigated in studies involving two populations of horses which differed widely in geographical location, climatic factors and management (newmarket and hong kong). the well documented elevations in erythrocyte parameters were demonstrated and changing responses in leucocyte parameters, resulting in variations in the neutrophil to lymphocyte (n/l) ratio were described. it was shown that the immediate response to t ...19836873048
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