scientific basis for the use of indian ayurvedic medicinal plants in the treatment of neurodegenerative disorders: ashwagandha.ayurveda is a sanskrit word, which means "the scripture for longevity". it represents an ancient system of traditional medicine prevalent in india and in several other south asian countries. it is based on a holistic view of treatment which is believed to cure human diseases through establishment of equilibrium in the different elements of human life, the body, the mind, the intellect and the soul [1]. ayurveda dates back to the period of the indus valley civilization (about 3000 b.c) and has be ...201020528765
isolation of a/equi-2 virus during 1987 equine influenza epidemic in india.processing of nasal materials from clinical cases during the 1987 influenza epidemic in northern and central india resulted in the isolation of two haemagglutinating agents; one each from donkeys and horses at bhiwani in haryana state and ludhiana in punjab state, respectively. these were typed as influenza a/equi-2 viruses by haemagglutination inhibition test. the two isolates were designated as a/equi-2/bhiwani/1/87 and a/equi-2/ludhiana/1/87. the bhiwani/87 isolate was confirmed to have h3n8 ...19892550218
characterization of a/eq-1 virus isolated during the equine influenza epidemic in india.the equine influenza virus, ludhiana/5/87, isolated from the clinical material during the epidemic of equine influenza in india in 1987 was inhibited in haemagglutination-inhibition test by the antiserum against the prototype a/eq/prague/1/56 (h7n7) virus and by post-epidemic horse sera. in haemagglutinin and neuraminidase analysis, the a/eq/ludhiana/5/87 isolate appeared similar to the prototype a/eq/prague/1/56 virus and was characterized as the h7n7 subtype.19948067310
production of monoclonal antibodies against equine influenza a/equi-2 (h3n8) indian hybrid cell lines of mouse myeloma cell line nso and spleen cells of balb/c mice producing monoclonal antibodies (mabs) against equine influenza a/equi-2/ludhiana/87 (h3n8) virus were developed. these mabs were purified, isotyped and characterised by enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (elisa), fluorescent antibody test (fat), haemagglutination inhibition (hi) and virus neutralization (vn) tests. the titres of ascitic fluids induced by hybridomas as estimated by elisa ranged from 1:25,600 to ...19938276447
characterisation of equine influenza isolates from the 1987 epizootic in india by nucleotide sequencing of the ha1 gene.two a/equi-2 (h3n8) isolates were obtained during the 1987 indian equine influenza epizootic. the sequence of the ludhiana/87 ha1 gene revealed that this isolate was very similar to recent european and north american isolates of equine influenza. in contrast, the bhiwani/87 ha1 gene was nearly identical to the miami/63 prototype h3 sequence. these results support the antigenic analysis previously carried out on these isolates using monoclonal antibodies. however, the finding that bhiwani/87 is s ...19938385602
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