rabies surveillance in the united states during 1989, 4,808 cases of rabies in animals other than human beings were reported to the centers for disease control, 1.8% more (4,724 to 4,808) than in 1988. eighty-eight percent (4,224/4,808) of those affected were wild animals and 12% (584/4,808) were domestic animals. cases were reported from 49 states, the district of columbia, and puerto rico; hawaii remained rabies-free. skunks (1,657) continued to be the most commonly reported rabid wild animal. for the second consecutive year, more cats ( ...19902276949
from the centers for disease control and prevention. human rabies-- connecticut, 1995. 19968596246
rabies surveillance in the united states during 1997, 49 states, the district of columbia, and puerto rico reported 8,509 cases of rabies in nonhuman animals and 4 cases in human beings to the centers for disease control and prevention. nearly 93% (7,899) were wild animals, whereas 7% (610) were domestic species. the total number of reported cases increased 19.4% from that of 1996 (7,128 cases). increases were apparent in each of the major species groups, with the exception of cattle. the relative contributions of these groups to the total ...19989861958
predictive spatial dynamics and strategic planning for raccoon rabies emergence in ohio.rabies is an important public health concern in north america because of recent epidemics of a rabies virus variant associated with raccoons. the costs associated with surveillance, diagnostic testing, and post-exposure treatment of humans exposed to rabies have fostered coordinated efforts to control rabies spread by distributing an oral rabies vaccine to wild raccoons. authorities have tried to contain westward expansion of the epidemic front of raccoon-associated rabies via a vaccine corridor ...200515737065
assessing the role of long-distance translocation and spatial heterogeneity in the raccoon rabies epidemic in connecticut.spatial heterogeneity and long-distance translocation (ldt) play important roles in the spatio-temporal dynamics and management of emerging infectious diseases and invasive species. we assessed the influence of ldt events on the invasive spread of raccoon rabies through connecticut. we identified several putative ldt events, and developed a network-model to evaluate whether they became new foci for epidemic spread. ldt was fairly common, but many of the ldts were isolated events that did not spr ...200516153724
risk factors for human exposure to raccoon rabies during an epizootic in connecticut.the emergence of rabies among terrestrial wildlife poses increasing but poorly defined risks to people. in particular, events leading to human exposure to rabies virus via mammalian reservoirs remain elusive. thus, we determined those risk factors associated with human exposure to rabies-positive animals during a raccoon rabies epizootic in connecticut. existing passive surveillance data on animal rabies tests in connecticut from 1991 through 1994 were evaluated for demographic, ecological, and ...200112653149
rabies postexposure prophylaxis--connecticut, connecticut, the first case of animal rabies associated with the ongoing raccoon rabies epizootic was identified in march 1991; since then, cases of animal rabies have been confirmed in all eight counties of the state. because of heightened awareness of the potential for rabies and the nearly always fatal outcome of this disease, the numbers of persons in connecticut receiving rabies postexposure prophylaxis (pep) was suspected to have increased substantially during 1990-1994. in connecticut, ...19968606682
emergence of raccoon rabies in connecticut, 1991-1994: spatial and temporal characteristics of animal infection and human contact.the north american raccoon rabies epizootic continues to expand, now affecting most of new england. in 1990, raccoons became the vertebrate most often reported rabid in the united states. emergence of this zoonosis poses increasing, but poorly defined risks to humans. this study analyzed various demographic, environmental, and behavioral factors associated with animal infection and human exposure before and during the epizootic in connecticut. rabies virus infections among terrestrial vertebrate ...19979347964
human rabies--connecticut, 1995.on october 3, 1995, a 13-year-old girl who resided in greenwich, connecticut, died from rabies virus infection. this was the first case of human rabies reported in a connecticut resident since 1932. this report summarizes the investigation of this case which indicated a bat as the probable source of her exposure.19968609874
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