natural infection of phlebotomus perniciosus with mon 72 zymodeme of leishmania infantum in the campania region of italy. 19947810389
serological survey of neospora caninum and leishmania infantum co-infection in dogs.a seroprevalence survey and risk analysis of neospora caninum and leishmania infantum was conducted in dogs from an area of the campania region of southern italy, in order to investigate the co-infection of these two protozoa. blood samples were collected from 1058 asymptomatic dogs over a 18 months period. serum samples were tested for antibodies to n. caninum and to l. infantum using the indirect fluorescent antibody test. epidemiological data (breed, age, sex, and utilization) were collected ...200212079736
the recombinant protein rsp03b is a valid antigen for screening dog exposure to phlebotomus perniciosus across foci of canine leishmaniasis.the frequency of sandfly-host contacts can be measured by host antibody levels against sandfly salivary proteins. recombinant salivary proteins are suggested to represent a valid replacement for salivary gland homogenate (sgh); however, it is necessary to prove that such antigens are recognized by antibodies against various populations of the same species. phlebotomus perniciosus (diptera: psychodidae) is the main vector of leishmania infantum (trypanosomatida: trypanosomatidae) in southwest eur ...201727718267
recrudescence of visceral leishmaniasis unrelated to hiv infection in the campania region of italy. 19968758059
[infantile visceral leishmaniasis in the campania region, italy: experience from a paediatric referral centre].in the first half of the 20th century, visceral leishmaniasis (vl) was a common infantile syndrome in coastal territories of the campania region of italy. after world war ii, the incidence dropped to a few cases/year for three decades; in late 1980s the disease reemerged among both children and adults. to face the vl recrudescence, a paediatric reference centre was established at the santobono-pausilipon hospital in naples, for the clinical diagnosis, care and drug treatment of all infantile vl ...200415305721
the epidemiology and surveillance of visceral leishmaniasis in the campania region of italy. the value of zymodeme typing.although human visceral leishmaniasis (vl) is a notifiable disease in italy, there is evidence that the actual number of cases is far higher than that notified. a programme for active surveillance of vl in the 14 italian endemic regions was launched by the istituto superiore di sanità. we report data collected during a 3-year period of active surveillance in campania, a south tyrrhenian region covering 4.5% of the italian territory. out of 120 clinically suspected cases referred to medical and d ...19938405156
[coxiella burnetii: what is the reality?].after the second world war, in italy q fever or coxiellosis has been shown a significant relevance, a recrudescence with an epidemic state for over ten years. later, the infectious disease occurred as endemic since the 80s, the outbreaks were just isolated. workflows analysis of some authors has demonstrated the spread out of the infection throughout italian herds with a prevalence ranging from 1.2 per cent to 10 per cent. our survey carried out throughout campania area in cattle has shown a rea ...200415305702
evidence for an impact on the incidence of canine leishmaniasis by the mass use of deltamethrin-impregnated dog collars in southern italy.dogs are the domestic reservoir of leishmania infantum nicolle (kinetoplastida: trypanosomatidae), the agent of zoonotic human visceral leishmaniasis. in southern europe, where canine leishmaniasis (canl) is widespread due to l. infantum, killing seropositive dogs is considered unacceptable and drug treatment has low efficacy in preventing transmission. we made a field evaluation of the efficacy of deltamethrin dog collars in a canl focus of southern italy, mount vesuvius area of campania region ...200111776454
[eco-epidemiological study of phlebotomus perniciosus in foci of visceral leishmaniasis in campania].an entomological survey was carried out during the sandfly season (june-october) of 1993 in three of the main visceral leishmaniasis (vl) foci of the campania region of italy. during the period 1989-1993, 39 vl cases were recorded in the three foci: 19 in maddaloni, 14 in ercolano and 6 in ischia. for each focus, collecting stations representative of sandfly habitats (domestic, peri-domestic and sylvatic) located in urban, peri-urban and rural areas were selected for the sandfly investigation. t ...19969333749
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