epidemiological patterns of canine leishmaniasis [correction of leishmaniosis] in western liguria (italy).an epidemiological survey was carried out on the distribution of canine leishmaniasis in western liguria (northern italy). blood sera from 21146 dogs collected from 1990 to 1996 were subjected to the indirect immunofluorescence test (ifat). from 1990 to 1994 (16690 dogs), only monthly seroprevalences were calculated (min 14%-max 60.5%). dog sera sampled from october 1994 to may 1996 (4456 dogs) were divided into two subgroups (i: october 1994-may 1995; ii: october 1995-may 1996). seroprevalence ...19999950324
[monitoring of canine leishmaniasis in northern italy: an update from a scientific network].canine leishmaniasis (canl) due to leishmania infantum is a disease of great veterinary importance and a serious public health problem. in humans, l. infantum causes visceral (vl) and cutaneous leishmaniasis (cl) and the distribution of vl overlaps that of canl. currently, vl is considered by who as an emerging zoonosis in southern europe. the dog is the only domestic reservoir of the infection and phlebotomine sandflies are the only proven vectors of leishmaniasis for dogs and humans. canl is e ...200415305715
evaluation of 65% permethrin spot-on and deltamethrin-impregnated collars for canine leishmania infantum infection prevention.during the 2004 and 2005 sand fly seasons, we evaluated the efficacy of a 65% spot-on solution of permethrin (exspot, schering & plough) and deltamethrin-impregnated collar (scalibor, intervet) in reducing leishmania infantum infection, in a canine leishmaniasis (canl) endemic region (liguria) in italy. immunofluorescent assay (ifa) revealed that three of 120 dogs (2.5%) treated with a 65% spot-on solution of permethrin, as three of 119 dogs (2.5%) treated with deltamethrin-impregnated collar ha ...200818331517
serological detection of circulating angiostrongylus vasorum antigen and specific antibodies in dogs from central and northern italy.the most frequently employed method for the diagnosis of angiostrongylus vasorum in dogs is the detection of first stage larvae (l1) in faeces. the sensitivity of coproscopy, however, is limited in case of low parasite load, intermittent larval excretion, and during pre-patency. an epidemiological survey on dogs was conducted applying serological methods in two italian regions where angiostrongylosis is endemic in foxes. 265 dog serum samples from tuscany (central italy - site a) and 447 from li ...201323182301
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