distribution of sandfly species in relation to canine leishmaniasis from the ebro valley to valencia, northeastern spain, only two of the 12 recorded species of sandflies, phlebotomus (larroussius) ariasi tonnoir and p. (l.) perniciosus newstead, are proven vectors of leishmania infantum nicolle, the causative agent of endemic leishmaniasis. studies of the distributions of phlebotomine sandflies are important for evaluating the possible effects of climate warming on any northward or altitudinal range shifts of leishmaniasis or the other diseases they transmit. we describe a recent sandfly survey in spain, ...200415490237
current situation of leishmania infantum infection in shelter dogs in northern spain.canine leishmaniosis (canl) caused by leishmania infantum is a widespread endemic disease in the mediterranean basin, though, so far, the north of spain has been considered a non-endemic area. the aim of the present study was to determine the prevalence of specific antibodies to l. infantum among stray dogs living in shelters in this area, and to evaluate the clinical status (both clinical signs and clinico-pathological abnormalities) of seropositive dogs. besides l. infantum infection, the epid ...201222452948
evidence for widespread leishmania infantum infection among wild carnivores in l. infantum periendemic northern spain.leishmania spp. infection was investigated in tissue samples of wild carnivores from the spanish basque country (bc), by pcr and dna sequencing. the region is at the northern periphery of leishmania infantum endemic iberian peninsula and infection in the dog (reservoir) or other species has not been previously reported. leishmania kinetoplast dna was detected by real-time pcr (rtpcr) in 28% (44/156) of animals. specifically, in 26% of eurasian badgers (n=53), 29% of foxes (n=48), 29% of stone ma ...201424380572
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