phlebotomus perfiliewi transcaucasicus, a vector of leishmania infantum in northwestern iran.visceral leishmaniasis is caused by leishmania infantum, which is transmitted to humans by bites of phlebotomine sand flies and is one of the most important public health problems in iran. to identify the vector(s), an investigation was carried out in germi district, an important focus of the disease in ardebil province in northwestern iran, during july-september 2004 and 2005. using sticky papers, cdc light traps and aspirators, 3,560 sand flies were collected and identified to species. host bl ...200919769040
rapid detection of leishmania infantum infection in dogs: comparative study using an immunochromatographic dipstick rk39 test and direct agglutination.a rapid, sensitive and specific tool for detection of leishmania infantum infection in dogs, would be highly desirable, because it would allow control interventions in endemic areas of zoonotic visceral leishmaniosis (zvl). in this study, we compared an immunochromatographic dipstick test with direct agglutination test (dat) for detecting l. infantum infections in dogs from areas of zvl endemic in iran. the validity of the dipstick rk39 (cypress diagnostic company, belgium) for canine visceral l ...200415135863
a leishmania infantum fml-elisa for the detection of symptomatic and asymptomatic canine visceral leishmaniasis in an endemic area of iran.background: visceral leishmaniasis (vl) is caused by leishmania infantum in mediterranean basin and is an endemic disease in some parts of iran. canines are the main reservoirs of vl in most of the endemic areas. different serological methods have been introduced for diagnosis of canine visceral leishmaniasis (cvl). objective: in this survey a fucose-mannose ligand (fml) elisa, using native l. infantum antigen, was developed and its validity for detection of infected dogs in comparison with dire ...201122201622
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