survey of free-ranging elk from wyoming and montana for selected pathogens.from december 1991 through january 1995, a disease survey was conducted on herds of free-ranging, hunter-killed elk (cervus elaphus nelsoni) from three areas in proximity to yellowstone national park (ynp), wyoming (usa), after tuberculosis caused by mycobacterium bovis was discovered in a captive herd of elk in the area. complete or partial sets of specimens from 289 elk collected between december 1991 and january 1993 were examined histologically; no mycobacterial lesions were observed. lesion ...19979131561
study shows one-fifth of female bison infected. 19979206836
bison study marks radical shift for research council. 19979206837
pathology of brucellosis in bison from yellowstone national park.between february 1995 and june 1999, specimens from seven aborted bison (bison bison) fetuses or stillborn calves and their placentas, two additional placentas, three dead neonates, one 2-wk-old calf, and 35 juvenile and adult female bison from yellowstone national park (usa) were submitted for bacteriologic and histopathologic examination. one adult animal with a retained placenta had recently aborted. serum samples from the 35 juvenile and adult bison were tested for brucella spp. antibodies. ...200111272483
brucellosis in elk of eastern idaho.brucellosis occurs in free-ranging elk (cervus elaphus) and bison (bison bison) in the greater yellowstone area, which includes portions of idaho, wyoming, and montana. brucella abortus was first detected in elk in idaho in 1998, and from 1998 to 2002, serologic surveillance of hunter-killed elk was conducted in northeastern and southeastern idaho. prevalence of antibodies in these elk varied annually, but averaged between 2% and 3%. elk were also trapped in northeastern idaho from 1998-2002 and ...200616870849
pathogenesis and epidemiology of brucellosis in yellowstone bison: serologic and culture results from adult females and their progeny.our objective in this prospective study was to determine the natural course of brucella abortus infection in cohorts of seropositive and seronegative, female bison (bison bison) and their offspring in yellowstone national park (ynp) for 5 yr. we collected specimens from 53 adult females and 25 calves at least once and from 45 adults and 22 calves more than once. annual seroconversion rates (negative to positive) were relatively high (23% for calves and juvenile bison, 6% in the total sample of a ...200919617483
probable causes of increasing brucellosis in free-ranging elk of the greater yellowstone ecosystem.while many wildlife species are threatened, some populations have recovered from previous overexploitation, and data linking these population increases with disease dynamics are limited. we present data suggesting that free-ranging elk (cervus elaphus) are a maintenance host for brucella abortus in new areas of the greater yellowstone ecosystem (gye). brucellosis seroprevalence in free-ranging elk increased from 0-7% in 1991-1992 to 8-20% in 2006-2007 in four of six herd units around the gye. th ...201020349847
molecular epidemiology of brucella abortus isolates from cattle, elk, and bison in the united states, 1998 to 2011.a variable-number tandem repeat (vntr) protocol targeting 10 loci in the brucella abortus genome was used to assess genetic diversity among 366 field isolates recovered from cattle, bison, and elk in the greater yellowstone area (gya) and texas during 1998 to 2011. minimum spanning tree (mst) and unweighted-pair group method with arithmetic mean (upgma) analyses of vntr data identified 237 different vntr types, among which 14 prominent clusters of isolates could be identified. cattle isolates fr ...201222427502
brucellosis transmission between wildlife and livestock in the greater yellowstone ecosystem: inferences from dna genotyping.the wildlife of the greater yellowstone ecosystem carries brucellosis, which was first introduced to the area by cattle in the 19th century. brucellosis transmission between wildlife and livestock has been difficult to study due to challenges in culturing the causative agent, brucella abortus . we examined b. abortus transmission between american bison ( bison bison ), rocky mountain elk ( cervus elaphus nelsoni), and cattle ( bos taurus ) using variable number tandem repeat (vntr) markers on dn ...201728118557
integrating population- and individual-level information in a movement model of yellowstone bison.throughout the world, fragmentation of landscapes by human activities has constrained the opportunity for large herbivores to migrate. conflict between people and wildlife results when migrating animals transmit disease to livestock, damage property, and threaten human safety. mitigating this conflict requires understanding the forces that shape migration patterns. bison bos bison migrating from yellowstone national park into the state of montana during winter and spring concern ranchers on land ...201424689146
evaluation of bison (bison bison) semen from yellowstone national park, montana, usa, bulls for brucella abortus determine if bison (bison bison) bulls from yellowstone national park (ynp), montana, usa, shed an infective dose of brucella abortus in semen, 50 ynp bulls were captured on public lands in montana during the winter and early spring (april-may) of 2010 and 2011. the bulls were immobilized, and blood and semen samples were collected for serology and brucella culture. thirty-five bulls (70%) were antibody-positive, and b. abortus was cultured from semen in three (9%) of the 35 antibody-positive ...201323778628
yersinia enterocolitica: an unlikely cause of positive brucellosis tests in greater yellowstone ecosystem bison (bison bison).yersinia enterocolitica serotype o:9 has identical o-antigens to those of brucella abortus and has apparently caused false-positive reactions in numerous brucellosis serologic tests in elk (cervus canadensis) from southwest montana. we investigated whether a similar phenomenon was occurring in brucellosis antibody-positive bison (bison bison) using y. enterocolitica culturing techniques and multiplex pcr of four diagnostic loci. feces from 53 yellowstone bison culled from the population and 113 ...201222740518
an ecological perspective on brucella abortus in the western united states.after a hiatus during the 1990s, outbreaks of brucella abortus in cattle are occurring more frequently in some of the western states of the united states, namely, montana, wyoming and idaho. this increase is coincidentwith increasing brucellosis seroprevalence in elk (cervus elaphus), which is correlated with elk density. vaccines are a seductive solution, but their use in wildlife systems remains limited by logistical, financial, and scientific constraints. cattle vaccination is ongoing in the ...201323837367
the issue of safe testing for brucellosis in yellowstone bison. 19979215404
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