an epizootic of besnoitiosis in goats in fars province of iran.over 100,000 goats were grazing freely in isolated herds of 100 to 600 goats in a mountainous area of more than 2000 km2 to the north-east of darab city in fars province in southern iran. twenty to fifty percent of the goats in this area were infected with besnoitiosis. sheep, cattle and donkeys grazing in the same area showed no clinical manifestations of the infection. the diagnosis of the infection in the clinically suspected animals was confirmed by histological studies on skin biopsies from ...19979444079
prevalence of echinococcus granulosus infection in stray dogs and herbivores in shiraz, hundred and five stray male and female dogs in different age groups were autopsied and their small intestines examined for echinococcus granulosus. thirty eight dogs (36.19%) harbored two-to-several thousand e. granulosus in their intestinal content. the prevalence rate was higher in males (44.83%) than in females (25.53%). livers and lungs of 3245 sheep, 2576 goats, 756 cattle and 25 buffaloes slaughtered for meat purposes at different shiraz slaughterhouses were examined for hydatidosis: 2 ...199910511103
the respiratory and allergic manifestations of human myiasis caused by larvae of the sheep bot fly (oestrus ovis): a report of 33 pharyngeal cases from southern iran.myiasis--the feeding of fly larvae on living mammals--may have various presentations, depending on the tissues or organs involved. the respiratory and non-respiratory manifestations of human pharyngeal myiasis caused by oestrus ovis larvae in 33 patients from the fars province, in southern iran, are described here. all but one of the 33 cases were male and all lived in rural areas, in close contact with sheep and goats. the myiasis only occurred in spring and summer (april-september). symptoms a ...200312662425
prevalence of sarcocystis species in slaughtered goats in shiraz, iran. 200515816197
a retrospective survey of hydatidosis in livestock in shiraz, iran, based on abattoir data during 1999-2004.meat inspection records in an abattoir located in shiraz, a city in southwest iran and the capital of fars province, during a 5-year period from 20 march 1999 to 19 march 2004 were used to determine the prevalence of hydatidosis in sheep, cattle, and goats in the region. a total of 844,039 animals (cattle 131,716; sheep 577,090; goats 135,233) slaughtered in the 5-year period and overall 34,856 (4.1%) livers and 123,402 (14.62%) lungs were condemned. hydatidosis was responsible for 28.7 and 15.4 ...200516011878
a retrospective survey of liver fluke disease in livestock based on abattoir data in shiraz, south of iran.meat-inspection records in an abattoir located in the fars province (southern part of iran) from 20 march 1999 to 19 march 2004 were used to determine the prevalence and long-term trend of liver fluke disease in sheep, cattle and goats in the region. a total of 844,039 animals (cattle 131,716; sheep 577,090; goats 135,233) slaughtered in the 5-year period and overall 34,856 (4.1%) livers were condemned. fasciolosis and dicrocoeliosis were responsible for 54 and 21% of total liver condemnations, ...200616198433
pathological, molecular, and biochemical characterization of coenurus gaigeri in iranian native goats.coenurus gaigeri is the larval stage of taenia multiceps gaigeri, which infects the muscles of goats and, to a lesser extent, sheep. metacestodes of the goat such as coenurus cerebralis, cysticercus tenuicollis, cysticercus ovis, and hydatid cysts have been extensively studied. however, because of the uncommon occurrence of c. gaigeri, very few records exist of its biology, pathogenesis, and pathology. therefore, an investigation was conducted in the summer of 2008 at shiraz slaughterhouse, wher ...201020469949
molecular survey of toxoplasma infection in sheep and goat from fars province, southern iran.toxoplasmosis is a widespread zoonotic disease that causes significant morbidity and mortality in human fetus and in immunocompromised patients. moreover, it becomes a major cause of abortion in sheep and goats. since consumption of meat of infected lamb and goat is considered as the main sources of human infection in iran, this study was undertaken to determine the prevalence of toxoplasma infection in edible tissues of sheep and goats in shiraz in 2008. samples of brain, tongue, liver, and mus ...201020936348
occurrence and biology of goat warble fly infestation by przhevalskiana silenus (diptera, oestridae) in iran.goat warble fly infestation (gwfi) by the larvae of przhevalskiana silenus is endemic in goats of semi-hilly and mountainous regions of iran. this myiasis has severe economic impact on tanning industries, and it is responsible for impaired milk and meat production, growth retardation and carcass depreciation. to estimate the prevalence of gwfi in the southern areas of iran, from october 2006 to december 2008, the carcasses of 8000 goats at a shiraz slaughterhouse and 1000 each at marvdasht and d ...200919692181
the goat domestication process inferred from large-scale mitochondrial dna analysis of wild and domestic individuals.the emergence of farming during the neolithic transition, including the domestication of livestock, was a critical point in the evolution of human kind. the goat (capra hircus) was one of the first domesticated ungulates. in this study, we compared the genetic diversity of domestic goats to that of the modern representatives of their wild ancestor, the bezoar, by analyzing 473 samples collected over the whole distribution range of the latter species. this partly confirms and significantly clarif ...200819004765
ultrastructure and pathology of besnoitia caprae in the naturally infected goats of kerman, east of iran.a disease with clinical manifestations of thickening and alopecia of the skin over the lower limbs, around the eyes, face, and nose, thickening and shrinkage of the scrotum, and presence of white granular cysts in the sclero-conjunctiva in goats in kerman province, were reported to the pathology department of shiraz veterinary school. primary histopathological studies demonstrated an outbreak of caprine besnoitiosis in this region. to study the histopathological and ultrastructural features of t ...200818246464
reproduction of the ewe and female goat in the province of fars, iran.over a period of 12 months, 1006 ovine and 1129 caprine genitalia were collected from an abattoir. 57-5 per cent of the sheep and 89 per cent of the goat specimens were gravid of which 26-9 per cent and 30-2 per cent, respectively, of the total were estimated to be over two months of gestational age. transuterine migration of the early embryo was a feature in both species although it was more frequent in the goat. signs of fertilisation failure or embryonic death was most frequently observed if ...1976969180
besnoitiosis in wild and domestic goats in iran.besnoitia cysts and lesions were observed in the skin, blood vessels, epididymis and testes of two wild goats (capra aegagrus) and in the subcutaneous tissues of two domestic goats (capra hircus) in the fars province of iran. the seminiferous tubules in the wild goats showed aspermatogenesis, degeneration and atrophy of germinal epithelium.1979467078
comparative efficacy of pour-on and subcutaneous injection of ivermectin on melophagus ovinus (l.) in darab ecotype goats of southern iran.the efficacy of ivermectin was evaluated against melophagus ovinus in darab ecotype goats of iran. twenty-four healthy iranian crossbreed male goats were randomly divided into three equal groups (n = 8). an experimental infestation was induced in all animals of the three groups with 100 m. ovinus on the body of each animal. groups 1 and 2 were treated with 1% ivermectin solution at a dosage of 0.5 mg/kg of body weight applied as a pour-on along the dorsal midline and 0.2 mg/kg subcutaneously, re ...200717587499
the pathology of goat paratuberculosis: gross and histopathological lesions in the intestines and mesenteric lymph nodes.from a pathological examination of the intestinal tracts of 1590 goats killed at slaughterhouses in the fars province of iran, 59 cases (3.71%) were suspected, on gross examination, of having paratuberculosis. the diagnosis was confirmed by histopathological study and ziehl-neelsen staining of direct smears of rectal faeces. on the basis of severity of involvement of the terminal ileum and mesenteric lymph nodes, the microscopic lesions were classified to mild, moderate and severe forms. caseous ...200011048429
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