epidemiologic, clinical and laboratory aspects of wound botulism. 19734582478
botulism in infancy. 19846377258
botulism in foals less than 6 months of age: 30 cases (1989-2002).botulism has been recognized as a clinical entity in foals since the 1960s. also known as "shaker foal" disease, the toxicoinfectious form of botulism affects foals, with the highest incidence in the united states seen in kentucky and the mid-atlantic region. the disease is characterized by progressive muscular weakness caused by the action of botulism neurotoxin at cholinergic neuromuscular junctions. increased number of episodes and duration of recumbency, muscular trembling, and dysphagia are ...200314529138
type a botulism in horses in the united states: a review of the past ten years (1998-2008).the objective of the current retrospective study was to describe naturally occurring type a botulism in horses in the united states. in the past 10 years, the botulism laboratory at the university of pennsylvania's school of veterinary medicine has identified 3 isolated cases and 8 outbreaks of type a botulism in horses via samples positive for clostridium botulinum type a toxin or spores using the mouse bioassay test. additional information was obtained by review of submission forms and by tele ...201020224073
outbreak of type c botulism in commercial layer chickens.this report describes an outbreak of type c botulism in two organic, free-range commercial layer farms in the midwest. hens affected were 64-wk-old hy-line brown hens and 34-wk-old hy-line brown hens owned by the same company, but housed on different premises, with approximately 20,000 birds per house. mortality over the 2 wk of investigation was estimated to be up to 8% and 2.8%, respectively, with birds acting listless, lethargic, and depressed. clinical signs consisted of progressive paralysi ...201626953952
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