Publications

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incidence of clostridium botulinum type e in salmon and other marine fish in the pacific northwest.salmon, sole, cod, oysters, clams, and crabs from ocean waters along the coast of oregon and washington were examined for the presence of clostridium botulinum type e. the organism was detected by identification of the type e toxin in enrichment cultures of the viscera of individual fish. of 369 salmon specimens, 48 yielded cultures containing toxin lethal to mice, and almost half of the toxic cultures were shown to contain botulinal toxin, chiefly type e. eighteen of 113 sole and cod specimens, ...19684869616
type a botulism in horses in the united states: a review of the past ten years (1998-2008).the objective of the current retrospective study was to describe naturally occurring type a botulism in horses in the united states. in the past 10 years, the botulism laboratory at the university of pennsylvania's school of veterinary medicine has identified 3 isolated cases and 8 outbreaks of type a botulism in horses via samples positive for clostridium botulinum type a toxin or spores using the mouse bioassay test. additional information was obtained by review of submission forms and by tele ...201020224073
incidence of clostridium botulinum type e in alaskan salmon.the incidence of clostridium botulinum type e in salmon captured in the coastal waters and rivers of alaska during the 1968 commercial fishing season was determined.19694905610
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