the national schistosomiasis control programme in mali, objectives, organization, results.schistosomiasis control started regionally, in the bandiagara district, and as a component of a dam-building project in 1978. in 1982 a national programme was created. control was divided into three phases: preparation, intervention and maintenance. districts qualifyed for schistosomiasis control activities, when the prevalence for either schistosoma haematobium or schistosoma mansoni exceeded 20% and/or the prevalence of persons with intensive infections for either parasite exceeded 5%. intensi ...19883140357
[echographic morbidity due to schistosoma haematobium in a peripheral district of bamako in mali, missabougou].frequency of urologic lesions was evaluated in 408 children from 6-15 years old in a suburban area of bamako district in mali, missabougou; 65.2% from children were infected by schistosoma haematobium, 13% by schistosoma mansoni and 0.2% by schistosoma intercalatum. urologic lesions have been demonstrated in 223 cases among which 66 cases of urinary bladder lesions, 108 cases of hydronephrosis and 49 cases of mixed lesions. in order of the frequency we had the following uropathic lesions: wall t ...19957787444
[epidemiology of schistosomiasis in a suburban school area of bamako (republic of mali)].epidemiology of schistosomiasis has been assessed in october, 1990 in three primary schools of a suburban district of bamako: magnambougou. it was a cross sectional study which was carried out on an hazardous sample of 549 pupils of 7 to 14 years old. the kato-katz and urine filtration methods were used to search schistosome eggs. the prevalence rate was 50% (256/512) in schistosoma haematobium and 5.6% (26/464) in s. mansoni. children from 11-14 years old were more infected by schistosoma haema ...19957787449
distribution and genetic diversity of schistosoma haematobium within its bulinid intermediate hosts in mali.random amplified polymorphic dna (rapd) markers were used to assess distribution and genetic diversity of schistosoma haematobium populations within their bulinid intermediate hosts in mali. naturally infected snails (bulinus truncatus and b. globosus) were collected at four sites in the bamako district. s. haematobium cercariae from single snails were used to infect mice and genotypes of the resultant adult worms were characterized using rapd markers. diversity indices were calculated at the sc ...19979177092
the relationship between schistosoma haematobium infection and school performance and attendance in bamako, mali.schistosomiasis due to schistosoma haematobium was the most common helminth infection in school-age children from a poor area in bamako, mali. almost half (47%) of the boys and 40% of the girls were infected, 18% of the children being heavily infected. there was a significant decline in academic performance and in school attendance with increasing intensity of infection. when all sources of variation were taken into consideration, absenteeism was the main factor explaining the variation in acade ...199810396345
[prevalence and perception of schistosomiasis in a periurban school of bamako in mali].the prevalence of urinary and intestinal schistosomiasis, the knowledge, attitude and practice (kap) regarding the disease among both the children and their parents were investigated in djikoroni para, a suburban area of bamako. the prevalence of schistosoma haematobium and s. mansoni were respectively 69.8% and 8.7%. compared with the girls, the boys were significantly more infected by s. haematobium (p = 5.10(-3)), but no difference between the sexes was observed for s. mansoni (p = 0.36). int ...200212596382
[systematic search for parasites among leprosy patients in mali].practice of multidrug therapy in leprosy (combination dapsone + rifampicine + clofazimine) established since 1981, has significantly reduced the incidence of the disease. however, immunosuppression due to treatment of multi-drugs therapy induced adverse reactions with glucocorticoid and the change in host immune response due to the leprosy itself, might increase the risk of parasitic infections. to test this hypothesis, we carried out a case-control study at the "institut marchoux" in bamako. st ...200212616942
[transmission of schistosomiasis in an urban population and prevalence of intestinal helminthiasis in bamako, mali ].parasitological, malacological and anthropological studies were performed to assess the prevalence of schistosoma haematobium and s. mansoni in schoolchildren living in the suburban area of bamako. a total of 1017 schoolchildren aged 6-14 years were selected in two different areas between september 1997 and december 1999. in djikoroni, the prevalence of s. haematobium and s. mansoni was 80.7% (339/420) and 22.8% (85/372) respectively. there was no significant difference of prevalence and intensi ...200314582293
determinants of anemia among pregnant women in mali.anemia in pregnancy remains a major problem in nearly all developing and many industrialized countries. in mali, the subpopulation prevalence and etiology of anemia during pregnancy are largely unknown.200616572713
[geographic distribution and epidemiology of urinary schistosomiasis in mali: implications for a control program].a national survey was conducted in mali between 1986 and 1990 to determine the geographical distribution of urinary schistosomiasis in order to define an ecologically based national schistosomiasis control programme. fifty six thousand two hundreds and sixty five individuals randomly selected from 323 villages in the nine ecologically defined areas of the whole country were submitted to urine examination using filtration technique. in villages along the niger and senegal rivers, in the dogon pla ...200719434989
the impact of single versus mixed schistosome species infections on liver, spleen and bladder morbidity within malian children pre- and post-praziquantel the developing world co-infections and polyparasitism within humans appear to be the rule rather than the exception, be it any combination of inter-specific and/or inter- and intra-genera mixed infections. mixed infections might generate synergistic or antagonistic interactions and thereby clinically affect individuals and/or impact parasite epidemiology.201020670408
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