prevalence and geographic distribution of dirofilaria immitis, borrelia burgdorferi, ehrlichia canis, and anaplasma phagocytophilum in dogs in the united states: results of a national clinic-based serologic survey.we evaluated a comprehensive national database that documents canine infection with, or exposure to, four vector-borne disease agents, dirofilaria immitis, borrelia burgdorferi, ehrlichia canis, and anaplasma phagocytophilum in order to assess geographic trends in rates of positive tests. while the percent positive test results varied by agent in different regions of the united states, with d. immitis antigen and antibodies to e. canis more commonly identified in dogs from the south (3.9% and 1. ...200919150176
infectious disease monitoring of the endangered hawaiian monk part of conservation efforts between 1997 and 2001, more than 25% (332 animals) of the endangered hawaiian monk seal (monachus schauinslandi) population was sampled in the northwestern hawaiian islands. serum samples were tested for antibodies to viruses, bacteria, and parasites known to cause morbidity and mortality in other marine mammal species. antibodies were found to phocine herpesvirus-1 by using an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, but seropositive results were not confirmed by virus ...200717495307
human and experimental anisakiasis in the united the past 13 years, 24 cases of anisakiasis have been reported in the united states. of these, 14 were infections by phocanema sp. and found in california and alaska, and most were of the tissue non-invasive type. the remaining 10 cases were infections by larvae of anisakis type i (l3 and l4). of these 10 cases, 4 were found on the west coast, 5 were on the east coast and one was in hawaii. in 3 of the 10 cases, the parasite invaded the digestive tract. a characteristic symptom of the throat n ...19863527918
antibodies to canine helminth parasites in asthmatic and nonasthmatic children.we studied the prevalence of ige and igg antibodies to toxocara canis and dirofilaria immitis, helminth parasites of dogs, in asthmatic and nonasthmatic children born and raised in hawaii. the serologic pattern of the two groups was found to differ significantly. of the 80 asthmatic subjects, 45.0% had ige antibody and 17.5% igg-precipitating antibody to one or both parasites. in contrast, of the 96 nonasthmatic children studied 7.5% were positive for ige antibody and 31.3% positive for igg anti ...19817251191
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