molecular evidence for anaplasma phagocytophilum and borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato in ixodes ricinus ticks from eastern slovakia.ixodes ricinus ticks (20 males, 20 females and 20 nymphs) collected in kosice, slovakia were examined for the presence of anaplasma phagocytophilum and borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato (s.l.) by pcr. 38.3 % of the tested ticks carried single infection of b. burgdorferi s.l. and 8.3 % were infected with a. phagocytophilum. double infection of both pathogens was detected in 5 % of tested ticks. these results indicate that both b. burgdorferi s.l. and a. phagocytophilum co-circulate in the enzootic ...200314677924
occurrence of igg antibodies to anaplasma phagocytophilum in humans suspected of lyme borreliosis in eastern slovakia.human granulocytic anaplasmosis (hga) and lyme borreliosis (lb) are tick-borne and emerging infectious diseases caused by the anaplasma phagocytophilum and borrelia burgdorferi species. in europe, including slovakia, the principal vector of both pathogens is the common tick - ixodes ricinus, in which double infections with these pathogens have been reported. the aim of our study was evidence of igg antibodies against a. phagocytophilum in blood sera of humans with suspects lb from several clinic ...200920047263
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