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solitary borrelial lymphocytoma in adult patients.during the period from 1986 to 2000, 85 adult patients with solitary borrelial lymphocytoma were diagnosed at the department of infectious diseases, university medical centre ljubljana, slovenia. there were 36 (42.4%) females and 49 (57.6%) males with a median age of 49 (15-74) years. borrelial lymphocytoma was located on the breast (nipple--areola mammae region) in 68 (80%) patients, on the ear lobe in eight (9.4%), and in other locations in nine (10.6%). a concomitant erythema migrans enabling ...200212422593
cerebrospinal fluid findings in adult patients with multiple erythema migrans.this prospective study was performed at the department of infectious diseases, university medical centre ljubljana, slovenia, in the period from 1991 to 2000. we included all adult patients with multiple erythema migrans who gave consent to lumbar puncture, had routine blood and csf tests performed, and borrelial antibody titres in csf and blood determined. in the majority of these patients skin, blood, and csf specimens were cultured in mkp medium for the presence of borrelia. of 332 patients w ...200212422591
infection rate of ixodes ricinus ticks with borrelia afzelii, borrelia garinii, and borrelia burgdorferi sensu stricto in slovenia.in spring 1993, ixodes ricinus ticks were collected from six regions of slovenia to determine their overall rate of infection with borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato and to assess the frequency of individual species in these tick populations. ticks were dissected and midgut tissue inoculated into modified barbour-stoenner-kelly (bsk ii) medium. borrelia isolates were differentiated into separate species using species-specific polymerase chain reaction (pcr) primers and by large restriction fragment ...19958654451
isolation of borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato from blood of adult patients with borrelial lymphocytoma, lyme neuroborreliosis, lyme arthritis and acrodermatitis chronica atrophicans.reports on patients with european lyme borreliosis in whom borreliae were isolated from the blood are rare and nearly exclusively limited to those with solitary or multiple erythema migrans. here we report on patients with other manifestations of lyme borreliosis in whom borreliae were isolated from their blood.201021153429
infection of small mammals with borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato in slovenia as determined by polymerase chain reaction (pcr).thirty-four small mammals collected in the vicinity of ljubljana were tested for the presence of borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato by polymerase chain reaction (pcr) of urinary bladder tissues, using universal flagellin primers and species specific rrna primers. seventeen small mammals (50%) were found to be positive, and 7 small mammals were infected with two species of b. burgdorferi sensu lato simultaneously. the most commonly found species was b. afzelii (n = 14), followed by b. burgdorferi se ...199910666818
lyme borreliosis and peripheral facial palsy.from 1994 to 1996, 114 consecutive patients older than 15 years who presented at the department of infectious diseases, university medical centre, ljubljana, fulfilled the criteria for inclusion into this study on the borrelial aetiology of peripheral facial palsy (pfp). the study was restricted to patients without a conceivable explanation for their pfp, erythema migrans or history of erythema migrans, clinical signs/symptoms of frank meningitis or any other neurological manifestation in additi ...199910666811
comparison of the epidemiological and clinical features of tick-borne encephalitis in children and adults.the aim of this prospective study was to compare epidemiological data and clinical features in children and adults with tick-borne encephalitis (tbe). patients with aseptic meningitis diagnosed at the university medical centre, department of infectious diseases, ljubljana, slovenia, from june to august 1997, in whom the diagnosis of tbe was ascertained by the presence of serum igm antibodies against tbe virus, who were serologically negative for borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato and had a negative ...200010782391
european lyme borreliosis: 231 culture-confirmed cases involving patients with erythema migrans.in 1994, we isolated borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato from 231 patients with erythema migrans who presented to the university medical center in ljubljana, slovenia. samples of erythema migrans-affected skin were placed in media to support the growth of borrelia species and evaluated in ljubljana and chicago. patients whose cultures were positive included 132 women and 99 men; 136 of these 231 patients recalled a tick bite. patients noted a rash an average of 24 days after a bite and presented a m ...19968816130
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