presence and indigenous nature of lyme disease in southern italy.lyme disease is very common in the countries of the northern hemisphere. in italy it is endemic in some regions of the northern part of the country and it is more frequent during summer. in calabria (south italy) no cases have been reported. to document the presence and indigenous nature of lyme disease in this territory we conducted a study from 1999 to 2002. we defined as indigenous cases those with erythema migrans with the following characteristics: dimensions equal to or greater than 5 cm; ...200314596350
lyme disease in italy, 1983-1996.this paper is a brief review of the epidemiology of lyme disease in italy. the first case of the illness was identified by crovato in liguria in 1983. in the following years, many other cases have been reported from all italian regions with the exception of valle d'aosta, basilicata and calabria. the exact number of cases in our country is not known because lyme disease was not a notifiable disease until 1990, but on the basis of literature data, at least 1324 cases have been observed in the fou ...19989812324
determination of antibodies to borrelia burgdorferi in the serum of patients living in calabria, southern italy.the aim of our work was to determine the sero-prevalence of antibodies to b. burgdorferi in 300 patients living in calabria, a region of southern italy. the research of antibodies to b. burgdorferi was conducted by elisa as a screening method and western blot as a confirmatory test. out of the 300 patients we found a rate of positivity of 7.3% with elisa and 4.5% with western blot. this data allows us to classify calabria, among the regions where lyme borreliosis is non-endemic and where sero-ep ...19969009681
ixodid ticks of road-killed wildlife species in southern italy: new tick-host associations and locality records.the present study aimed to identify ticks collected from road-killed wildlife species retrieved in several localities of southern italy and to assess the presence of borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato, anaplasma phagocytophilum and rickettsia spp. dna in ticks. collections were carried out from january 2000 to december 2009 on wild animals found dead within the territories of 11 municipalities from three regions (i.e., apulia, basilicata, and calabria). in total, 189 carcasses of wild animals belon ...201121728058
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