[epidemiological studies of the infection of ticks with borreliosis agents in small mammals from north germany].in a two years study into the infestation of ticks with borrelia burgdorferi from mice in north germany 1330 mice out of 11 species could be examined. altogether 508 mice showed to be parasitized by 1445 ticks belonging to three species of ixodes. 777 i. ricinus from 334 mice could be tested for b. burgdorferi. in 66 ticks (8.5%) from 34 mice (10.2%) borreliae could be demonstrated. these discoveries came from 9 of 14 investigated forest regions in lower saxony.19911889366
[bacterial cns infections in adults in southern lower saxony. a retrospective study of the göttingen neurologic university clinic].all 155 patients with suspected bacterial central nervous system (cns) infections treated from 1986 to 1991 at the department of neurology, university of göttingen, were evaluated in a retrospective study. according to the clinical symptoms presented at admission, 7 cases were classified as encephalitis, 44 as meningitis, 15 as radiculitis, 19 as ventriculitis, 61 as meningoencephalitis and 9 as meningoradiculitis. in 78% of these cases, the causative bacteria were either isolated from cerebrosp ...19947969649
Borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato and Rickettsia spp. infections in hard ticks (Ixodes ricinus) in the region of Hanover (Germany).In a total of 605 Ixodes (I.) ricinus ticks collected in the spring-months March, April and May 2005, quantitative real time PCR (qPCR) revealed 26.6% Borrelia (B.) burgdorferi sensu lato (sl)-positive ticks, i. e. divided by sex and stage into 31.9% positive adults (34.8% females and 29.0% males) and 18.5% positive nymphs. Mono-infections with genospecies from the B. burgdorferi sl-complex were found in over two thirds of the positive individuals, whereas almost one third showed double- or even ...201122191173
prevalence of anaplasma phagocytophilum and coinfection with borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato in the hard tick ixodes ricinus in the city of hanover (germany).the castor bean tick ixodes ricinus has been found to be the main vector for lyme borreliosis spirochetes and anaplasma phagocytophilum in central europe. 1646 i. ricinus ticks from hanover, a city located in northern germany, were examined for infection with a. phagocytophilum and coinfection with borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato (sl) to obtain so far missing prevalence data for this region. the total a. phagocytophilum infection rate was 3.2% (52/1646 ticks), divided into 4.1% (32/777) adults a ...201121919727
the pigeon tick (argas reflexus): its biology, ecology, and epidemiological aspects.the european pigeon tick, argas reflexus (f.), is in central europe predominantly an urban pest parasitizing wild and domesticated pigeons, columba livia. under certain circumstances, however, it also bites humans, occasionally causing an ige-mediated type-i allergy. control of a. reflexus is very difficult because of a number of remarkable morphological, physiological, and behavioural features of the tick. the present study aimed at elucidating the distribution and the frequency of occurrence o ...199910652727
epidemiology and clinical manifestations of lyme borreliosis in childhood. a prospective multicentre study with special regard to neuroborreliosis.lyme borreliosis is a tick-borne infection caused by the spirochete borrelia burgdorferi, whose discovery in 1982 solved an aetiological mystery involving a variety of dermatological and neurological disorders and explained their association with lyme disease. lyme borreliosis occurs frequently and is readily treatable with antibiotics. along with its discovery, however, came the realization that it is difficult to diagnose accurately, especially antibody diagnosis. false-positive antibody resul ...19938443440
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