the enzootic life-cycle of borrelia burgdorferi (sensu lato) and tick-borne rickettsiae: an epidemiological study on wild-living small mammals and their ticks from saxony, germany.borrelia burgdorferi (sensu lato) and rickettsiae of the spotted fever group are zoonotic tick-borne pathogens. while small mammals are confirmed reservoirs for certain borrelia spp., little is known about the reservoirs for tick-borne rickettsiae. between 2012 and 2014, ticks were collected from the vegetation and small mammals which were trapped in saxony, germany. dna extracted from ticks and the small mammals' skin was analyzed for the presence of rickettsia spp. and b. burgdorferi (s.l.) by ...201728285593
epidemiology and clinical manifestations of lyme borreliosis in childhood. a prospective multicentre study with special regard to neuroborreliosis.lyme borreliosis is a tick-borne infection caused by the spirochete borrelia burgdorferi, whose discovery in 1982 solved an aetiological mystery involving a variety of dermatological and neurological disorders and explained their association with lyme disease. lyme borreliosis occurs frequently and is readily treatable with antibiotics. along with its discovery, however, came the realization that it is difficult to diagnose accurately, especially antibody diagnosis. false-positive antibody resul ...19938443440
[epidemiological studies of the infection of ticks with borreliosis agents in small mammals from north germany].in a two years study into the infestation of ticks with borrelia burgdorferi from mice in north germany 1330 mice out of 11 species could be examined. altogether 508 mice showed to be parasitized by 1445 ticks belonging to three species of ixodes. 777 i. ricinus from 334 mice could be tested for b. burgdorferi. in 66 ticks (8.5%) from 34 mice (10.2%) borreliae could be demonstrated. these discoveries came from 9 of 14 investigated forest regions in lower saxony.19911889366
prevalence of borrelia miyamotoi and borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato in questing ticks from a recreational coniferous forest of east saxony, germany.the hard tick ixodes ricinus is the most important vector of tick-transmitted pathogens in europe, frequently occurring in urban parks and greenbelts utilized for recreational activities. this species is the most common vector of the causative agents of lyme borreliosis in europe. similarly, the species spreads borrelia miyamotoi, causing a relapsing-fever like illness. a total of 1774 ixodes ricinus (50 females, 68 males, 840 nymphs and 818 larvae) were collected with flagging between march and ...201728843481
epidemiological situation of lyme borreliosis in germany: surveillance data from six eastern german states, 2002 to 2006.lyme borreliosis is the most frequent vector-borne disease in germany; however, in only six states in the eastern part of germany (berlin, brandenburg, mecklenburg western pomerania, saxony, saxony-anhalt and thuringia) is early lyme disease (erythema migrans and early neuroborreliosis) a notifiable disease. between 2002 and 2006, the incidence increased constantly; in 2002, the incidence per 100,000 inhabitants was 17.8 and rose by 110% to 37.3 in 2006. the incidence among the states varies gre ...200819030893
surveillance of lyme borreliosis in germany, 2002 and 2003.lyme borreliosis is a potentially serious infection common in germany, but little data about its incidence, distribution, and clinical manifestations are available. lyme borreliosis is not a notifiable disease in germany, but six of germany's 16 states - berlin, brandenburg, mecklenburg-vorpommern, sachsen, sachsen-anhalt and thüringen, have enhanced notification systems, which do include lyme borreliosis. the efforts made in these states to monitor confirmed cases through notification are there ...200515879644
[complementary to notification required by the national protection against infection act. state-specific mandatory infectious disease notification in saxony-anhalt].in may 1991 a decree supplementing the federal epidemic law concerning the mandatory notification of communicable diseases was implemented by the ministry of health in saxony-anhalt. this was updated and newly implemented in 1997. with implementation of the national protection against infection act in 2001 further amendment of the state regulation (published in april 2005) be came necessary. the following diseases or laboratory evidence of the underlying pathogens, respectively, will now be noti ...200516160886
[bacterial cns infections in adults in southern lower saxony. a retrospective study of the göttingen neurologic university clinic].all 155 patients with suspected bacterial central nervous system (cns) infections treated from 1986 to 1991 at the department of neurology, university of göttingen, were evaluated in a retrospective study. according to the clinical symptoms presented at admission, 7 cases were classified as encephalitis, 44 as meningitis, 15 as radiculitis, 19 as ventriculitis, 61 as meningoencephalitis and 9 as meningoradiculitis. in 78% of these cases, the causative bacteria were either isolated from cerebrosp ...19947969649
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