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disseminated mixed mycobacterium simiae-mycobacterium avium complex infection in acquired immunodeficiency syndrome. 19911856495
geographic distribution, frequency, and specimen source of mycobacterium avium complex serotypes isolated from patients with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome.isolates of mycobacterium avium complex from 727 patients with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (aids) were submitted by medical centers across the united states to the centers for disease control for serotyping. we were able to type 630 (87%) of these isolates by our seroagglutination procedure. almost all typeable isolates were m. avium (serotypes 1 to 6 and 8 to 11). blood was the major specimen source for both m. avium and the nontypeable isolates. m. intracellulare serotypes made up only ...19902351735
prophylaxis for opportunistic infections among hiv-infected patients receiving medical care.in 1995 and 1997, the united states public health service (usphs) and the infectious disease society of america (idsa) published recommendations for primary prophylaxis of pneumocystis carinii pneumonia (pcp), mycobacterium avium complex (mac), and toxoplasmosis in hiv-infected adults. we evaluated their implementation at four hospital-based hiv clinics in new york city in patients who initially met the cd4+ criterion for prophylaxis between january, 1995 and april, 1997. medical records were re ...19989833748
bronchoscopy-related infections and pseudoinfections--new york, 1996 and 1998.bronchoscopy is a useful diagnostic technique that can be performed safely by trained specialists when the bronchoscopes in both inpatient and ambulatory-care settings are reprocessed properly to prevent transmission of infection. the new york state department of health received reports of three clusters of culture-positive bronchoscopy specimens obtained in 1996 and 1998 from patients at local health-care facilities. this report summarizes the results of investigations of these clusters, which ...199910418804
adherence to guidelines for antiretroviral therapy and for preventing opportunistic infections in hiv-infected adults and adolescents in ryan white-funded facilities in the united states.to determine adherence by health care providers to guidelines for antiretroviral therapy and for prevention of opportunistic infections (ois) in adults with hiv infection in federally funded facilities in the united states, we reviewed records of hiv-infected adults (>13 years) in 11 ryan white title iii facilities in four states for information on eight standard-of-care recommendations during november 1996 through september 1997. eligibility required a visit to the facility within 6 months befo ...199910421247
physician's aggressive preventive therapy differs.dr. bernard bihari, an aids specialist practicing in new york city, and other members of the community programs for clinical research on aids (cpcra), have determined that some of the public health services's recommendations for preventing opportunistic infections do not match the standards of care that the cpcra developed nearly five years ago. the basic treatments provided by bihari include using 1) tmp-smz and fluconazole to prevent, respectively, pneumocystis carinii pneumonia (pcp) and cryp ...199511362774
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