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detection of echinococcus multilocularis in foxes in the netherlands.echinococcus multilocularis was demonstrated in 5 out of 272 foxes in the netherlands close to the border with germany and belgium. besides microscopic examination of mucosal scrapings, two different pcr assays were used based on the detection of e. multilocularis dna in colon content. two distinct areas in the netherlands were positive for e. multilocularis. two positive foxes were found in the northern province of groningen and three positive foxes were found in the southern province of limbur ...199910223349
[echinococcus multilocularis: the prevalence of the fox tapeworm with possible serious consequences for humans].the prevalence of the fox tapeworm in foxes (final host) and muskrats (one of the intermediate hosts) in the netherlands and europe has been discussed. the tapeworm was found in 9.4% of the investigated foxes from the province of groningen and in 0.2% of the muskrats from the same region. also in the province of limburg positive foxes were found, but no positive muskrats. possible ways of infection for humans are described together with methods for prevention. it is concluded that at this moment ...200212056263
the musk rat (ondatra zibethicus) as intermediate host of cestodes in the netherlands.an investigation on the presence of larval cestodes in musk rats (ondatra zibethicus) was carried out in two regions of the netherlands (east groningen and south limburg) where in a earlier study foxes with echinococcus multilocularis were found. a total of 1726 musk rats were dissected (1200 in groningen, 526 in limburg). larval stages of taenia taeniaeformis were most frequently found (total 44.8%: groningen 42%, limburg 51.3%), followed by t. martis (total 6.1%: groningen 0.7%, limburg 18.6%) ...200314597276
base line prevalence and spatial distribution of echinococcus multilocularis in a newly recognized endemic area in the netherlands.the base line prevalence of echinococcus multilocularis in foxes was determined in the eastern part of the province of groningen in the netherlands adjacent to the german border. this region has been identified in a previous study in 1998 as one of the westernmost border areas of e. multilocularis. base line prevalence data are important for a better insight in the possible spread of the parasite and its changes in time. as fox feces containing e. multilocularis eggs are an important source for ...200415036574
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